William Henry Carroll

Headstone: Find-a-Grave

William Henry Carroll was born in Nashville, Tennessee, probably in 1810, the eldest son of William Carroll, six term governor of the state and intimate of Andrew Jackson. After operating a plantation in Panola County, Mississippi, the younger Carroll moved to Memphis in 1848, where he was for some years postmaster of the city. Appointed brigadier general in the provisional army of the state of Tennessee, he entered Confederate service as colonel of the 37th Tennessee Infantry, and was promoted to the rank of brigadier on October 26, 1861. He was soon ordered to Knoxville, where he proclaimed martial law in an effort to control the disaffected elements of the eastern section of the state-strongly Unionist in sentiment. Carroll was present at the battle of Fishing Creek, where his brigade sustained comparatively light losses and retired in good order. He was later unsparingly criticized by General Bragg, who declared him to be "not safe . . . to intrust with command," and was arrested by General Hardee, on Bragg's order, for "drunkenness, incompetency, and neglect." After his appearance before a court of inquiry, General Carroll resigned his commission on February 1, 1863 and went to Canada, where his family had emigrated after the occupation of Memphis by the Federals. He died in Montreal, May 3, 1868. His remains were moved the following year to Elmwood Cemetery, Memphis, where they were re-interred under a headstone which is inaccurate both as to the years of his birth and death.

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Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.