William Henry Wallace

Monument: Find-a-Grave

William Henry Wallace was born in Laurens District, South Carolina, March 24, 1827, and was graduated from South Carolina College in 1849. He was successively a planter, newspaper publisher, and lawyer. As a member of the legislature in 1860 he supported the call for a secession convention. At the expiration of his term he enlisted as a private in Company A, 18th South Carolina. Of this regiment he was elected lieutenant colonel in May 1862, and led it to Virginia shortly after the Seven Days battles. During the Second Manassas campaign the colonel of the 18th was killed on August 30, 1862. Wallace succeeded him to rank from the same day, although not formally nominated to the Senate until June 10, 1864. Meantime he fought at South Mountain and Sharpsburg in "Shanks" Evans' brigade, returning with this unit to South Carolina where he took part in the defense of Charleston. In the spring of 1864 the brigade, under General Stephen Elliott, Jr., was ordered to Petersburg. In the battle of the Crater, on July 30, four companies of the 18th were blown up in the mine explosion. Promoted brigadier general on September 20, Wallace led the brigade through the last forlorn winter and on the retreat to Appomattox, where he was paroled on April 9, 1865. Subsequently he devoted himself to his law practice and the care of his plantation. He was one of the few Democrats elected to the state legislature in 1872; he was twice re-elected. In 1877 he was chosen circuit judge, an office which he filled until his retirement in 1893. General Wallace died on March 21, 1901, in Union, South Carolina, and is buried there.

Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.

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