William Read Scurry
William Read Scurry was born in Gallatin, Tennessee, February 10, 1821. He went to Texas at the age of sixteen and settled in San Augustine. Upon the outbreak of the Mexican War he enlisted as a private in the 2nd Texas Mounted Volunteers. After gallant service he was mustered out at Monterey as major of the regiment. In 1859 he was appointed commissioner from Texas to fix the Texas-New Mexico boundary; also, he was a member of the secession convention of 1861. He entered the Confederate Army as lieutenant colonel of the 4th Texas Cavalry, and the year following was under the command of General H. H. Sibley in the attempted Confederate occupation of New Mexico Territory. He saw action both at Valverde and at Glorieta Canon. His role in the latter engagement was rendered more important by Sibley's absence — the general was supposedly under a doctor's care at the time. Scurry was promoted brigadier general to rank from September 12, 1862. On January 1, 1863, when General Magruder made his successful attack on and recapture of Galveston, Scurry commanded the land forces employed. In 1864 he participated with his brigade in the Red River campaign and was present at the battles of Mansfield and Pleasant Hill against Banks. After Banks' retreat became known, Scurry's command was immediately transferred to oppose Steele's advance; and at the battle of Jenkins' Ferry, April 30, 1864, he was mortally wounded. Refusing to be taken to the rear, where the surgeons might well have saved his life, he bled to death on the battlefield. He is buried in the Texas State Cemetery at Austin.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.