Location: Bartow County
Campaign: Franklin-Nashville Campaign (1864)
Date(s): October 5, 1864
Principal Commanders: Brig. Gen. John M. Corse [US]; Maj. Gen. Samuel G. French [CS]
Forces Engaged: One brigade (1,944 men) [US]; one division (approx. 2,000 men) [CS]
Estimated Casualties: 1,505 total (US 706; CS 799)
Description: After the fall of Atlanta, Hood moved northward to threaten the Western & Atlantic Railroad, Shermans supply line. He attacked a number of minor garrisons and damaged track during October 2-4. Sherman sent reinforcementsJohn M. Corses brigadeto Allatoona just before the Rebels attacked there. Maj. Gen. Samuel G. Frenchs Confederate division arrived near Allatoona at sunrise on the 5th. After demanding a surrender and receiving a negative reply, French attacked. The Union outer line survived a sustained two and a half hour attack, but then fell back and regrouped in an earthen Star fort of Allatoona Pass. French repeatedly attacked, but the fort held. The Rebels began to run out of ammunition, and reports of arriving Union reinforcements influenced them to move off and rejoin Hoods force.
Result(s): Union victory