Location: Clayton County
Campaign: Atlanta Campaign (1864)
Date(s): August 31September 1, 1864
Principal Commanders: Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman [US]; Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee [CS]
Forces Engaged: Six corps [US]; two corps [CS]
Estimated Casualties: 3,149 total (US 1,149; CS 2,000)
Description: Sherman had successfully cut Hoods supply lines in the past by sending out detachments, but the Confederates quickly repaired the damage. In late August, Sherman determined that if he could cut Hoods supply linesthe Macon & Western and the Atlanta & West Point Railroadsthe Rebels would have to evacuate Atlanta. Sherman, therefore, decided to move six of his seven infantry corps against the supply lines. The army began pulling out of its positions on August 25 to hit the Macon & Western Railroad between Rough and Ready and Jonesborough. To counter the move, Hood sent Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee with two corps to halt and possibly rout the Union troops, not realizing Shermans army was there in force. On August 31, Hardee attacked two Union corps west of Jonesborough but was easily repulsed. Fearing an attack on Atlanta, Hood withdrew one corps from Hardees force that night. The next day, a Union corps broke through Hardee s troops which retreated to Lovejoys Station, and on the night of September 1, Hood evacuated Atlanta. Sherman did cut Hoods supply line but failed to destroy Hardees command.
Result(s): Union victory