23rd Infantry Regiment
Gilmer County, Georgia

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23rd Infantry Regiment, organized at Big Shanty, Georgia, in September, 1861, contained men from Bartow, Henderson, Floyd, Pickens, and Cherokee counties. It moved to Tennessee, then was sent to Virginia and assigned to the Department of the Peninsula. In April, 1862, it totalled 370 effectives and during the war served under Generals Rains and Colquitt. The 23rd participated in the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from Williamsburg to Chancellorsville, where more than 275 men were captured. It then was ordered to Charleston, South Carolina, and later Florida. After fighting at Olustee the unit returned to Virginia, took part ri the conflicts at Drewry's Bluff and Cold Harbor, and endured the battles and hardships of the Petersburg siege. It lost 4 killed and 56 wounded at Gaines' Mill and Malvern Hill, had 14 killed and 64 wounded in the Maryland Campaign, and 2 killed, 66 wounded, and 2 missing at Olustee. During 1865 it was active in North Carolina and surrendered with the Army of Tennessee. The field officers were Colonels Marcus R. Ballenger, W. F. Barclay, Emory F. Best, James H. Huggins, and Thomas Hutcherson; Lieutenant Colonel John J. A. Sharp; and Major William J. Boston.

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