1st Light Artillery(Lyon's Artillery Battery
or Cobb's Artillery Battery)
A. J. Williams--Co. B
The 1st Kentucky Artillery (also known as Cobb's Battery) was an artillery battery that was a member of the Orphan Brigade in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. It fought in several engagements throughout the Western Theater, including the battles of Shiloh, Baton Rouge, Siege of Jackson, Sulphur Trestle, Resaca, Murfreesboro, Jonesborough, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, and Johnsonville. Following the end of the Atlanta Campaign, Cobb's Battery was detached from the Orphan Brigade and reassigned to defend Mobile, Alabama.
The battery was organized at the very
outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861 at Mint Springs, Kuttawa, Kentucky.
Former United States Army Officer, Hylan B. Lyon—who had resigned his commission
when war became inevitable—was elected the first Captain of the battery.
However, due to Kentucky's official policy of neutrality during the early days
of the conflict, Captain Lyon found that he could not train and drill his
battery properly in Mint Springs. Consequently, the battery moved to
Clarksville, Tennessee and enlisted as a group to join the Confederate States
Army. At Camp Boone the battery was trained in artillery, and from this point
forward was known either as the 1st Kentucky Artillery or Cobb's Kentucky
Following Lyon's promotion to General, Robert L. Cobb was made Captain of the battery; under his command the unit moved to Bowling Green, Kentucky, and was officially brought into John C. Breckinridge's 1st Kentucky Brigade, later to gain fame as the "Orphan" Brigade.