Watson Battery Volunteer Artillery
(Beltzhoover's, Bursley's, Toledano's)
Organization: Organized at New Orleans ca.
July 1, 1861. It was armed with four 6-lb. Smoothbores and two 12-lb. Howitzers
on April 6-7, 1862. Surrendered at Port Hudson, Louisiana on July 8, 1863.
Paroled in July 1863. Never reorganized and the men were assigned to other
First Commander: Daniel M. Beltzhoover, CPT [resigned April 1862]
Captain: Allen A. Bursley [resigned to become 1LT August 1861; transferred to ordnance duty March 1863]; [1LT E. A. Toledano, March 1863-July 1863]
Assignments: Department #1 (Jul-Sep 61); Martin's Brigade, Bowen's Division, 1st Geographical Division, Department #2 (Oct-Dec 61); Cleburne's Brigade, Hardee's Division, Central Army of Kentucky, Department #2 (Feb-Mar 62); Bowen's-Helm's Brigade, Reserve Corps, Army of the Missisippi, Department #2 (Mar-Jun 62); Helm's Brigade, Breckinridge's Division, Department of Southern Mississippi and East Louisiana (Jun-Jul 62); Bowen's Brigade, District of the Mississippi, Department #2 (Jul-Oct 62); Bowen's Brigade, Lovell's Division, District of the Mississippi, Army of West Tennessee, Department #2 (Oct 62); Bowen's Brigade, Lovell's-Rust's Division, Lovell's Corps, Army of West Tennessee, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana (Oct-Dec 62); Bowen's Brigade, Rust's Division, Lovell's Corps, Army of North Mississippi, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana (Dec 62-Jan 63); Buford's Brigade, 3rd Military District, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana (Mar-Apr 63); 4th Military District, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana (Apr 63); Maxey's Brigade, 3rd Military District, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana (Apr-May 63); Beall's Brigade, 3rd Military District, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana (May-Jul 63)
Battles: Belmont (November 7, 1861); Shiloh (April 6-7, 1862); Corinth Campaign (April-June 1862); Vicksburg Bombardments (May 18-July 27, 1862); Corinth (October 3-4, 1862); Tuscumbia River Bridge (October 5, 1862); Port Hudson Siege (May-July 1863)
From Bergeron, LA Confed. Units, 36-37:
"This battery was organized at New Orleans about July 1, 1861; A. C. Watson, a wealthy planter of Tensas parish, equipped the battery, which had four 6-pounder bronze smoothbore guns and two 2-pounder howitzers. In August, the battery went to a camp on Lake Bruin near St. Joseph and drilled there for about a month. Traveling up the Mississippi River via Memphis, the battery reported for duty at Columbus, Kentucky, about October 1. At the Battle of Belmont,November 7, the men were in action for the first time. Two guns fell into Federal hands when enemy fire killed or wounded all of the horses, and casualties amounted to 2 men killed and 8 wounded and captured. In late December, the battery reported to Bowling Green, Kentucky. Assigned to the brigade of Colonel John S. Bowen, the men accompanied the brigade to Corinth, Mississippi, in February, 1862. The battery participated in the Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee, April 6-7, serving on the right flank of the army. Only one or two of the men suffered any injuries. The battery remained in northern Mississippi when General Braxton Bragg's army marched into Kentucky. On October 3 and 4, the battery participated in the Battle of Corinth. It helped cover the retreat of the Confederate forces in an engagement at Tuscumbia River Bridge on October 5. In early 1863, the battery moved to Port Hudson, Louisiana, to reinforce the garrison there. The men served at various times under Generals Albert Rust, Abraham Buford, and Samuel B. Maxey at Port Hudson. Two guns were added to the battery, and Lieutenant E. A. Toledano assumed command when Captain Bursley transferred to ordnance duty. During the siege of Port Hudson, May 23-July 9, 1863, two sections of the battery served along the Confederate center, and one section held a position on the Confederate left. Following the surrender ofPort Hudson, the men reported to a parole camp at Enterprise, Mississippi. In late 1863, the men received orders to join a Mississippi battery and the Watson Battery ceased to exist. During the war, 13 of the battery's men were killed in battle, 1 was killed in an accident, and 17 died of disease."
ADAMS, R. D. Artificer.
BLOUIN, Joseph. Pvt.
BOURGEOIS, Adolphe [A.]. Pvt. See 5th Battery. (B1:61-2b)
BOURGEOIS, Aristide. Pvt. En. 15 Aug 61, St. Joe. Sep-Oct 62: Abs. sick in hosp., [n.p.]. [NER.] Prl. Port Hudson, [?] Jul 63. [NFR.] (B1:62b)
BOURGEOIS, Camille. Pvt. En. 1 Sep 62, Jackson. Sep-Oct 62: Abs. sick in hosp., [n.p.]. Prl. Port Hudson, [?] Jul 63. [NFR.] (B1:62b) // Same C.B. as in Company A, Odgen’s Regiment Cavalry?
BOURGEOIS, Henri. Pvt. [En. n.d.,n.p.] Roll of 13 Oct 61, MO. [NER/NFR.] (B1:63b)
BOURGEOIS, Joseph. Pvt. En. 15 Aug 61, St. Joe. On petition of 13 Oct 61, in MO, protesting against the trfr. of that organization to the Army of TN & requesting that it be allowed to continue in state svc. for which it was originally intended. Pres. Sep-Oct 62. POW prl. Port Hudson, [?] Jul 63. [NFR.] (B1:63b) // Same J.B. as in Co. C, Con. Crescent Regt. Inf.?
BOURGEOIS, Theodore. Pvt. En. 1 Sep 62, Jackson. Pres. to Oct 62. POW cap. & prl. Port Hudson, [?] Jul 63. [NFR.] (B1:64b)
BRIGNAC, Thomassin. Pvt.
CHENET, Emile. Pvt.
CHENET, P. Flourtan. Pvt.
HAYDEL, Amelius M. Sgt.Maj.
JOHNSON, J. J. Pvt.
JOHNSON, R. H. Pvt.
JOUBERT, B. Pvt. B. Joubest. // Served also in Pointe Coupee Battalion Artillery.
LAFAYE, John A. Pvt. J. A. LAFAYE, John A. LAFAYE. // To Bridges' Battery as Cpl.
LAFOREST, James A. Pvt. // Same as J. L. in Pointe Coupee Battalion Artillery?
LANDRY, Lazare St. Jaques. Pvt. Res. St. James Par. En. 1 Jun 62, Corinth, MS. Roll n.d.: Pres. POW prl. Port Hudson, [?] Jul 63. // Booth, LA Confed. Soldiers, 3(1):643: L. St. James
LANDRY., L. St. J. LANDRY. // Served also in Holmes’s Battery.
LEGENDRE, Enoch C. Pvt. E. C. LEGENDRE, Enoch C. LEGENDRE. // Served also in Pointe Coupee Battalion Artillery as LT.
LEGENDRE, E. P. Pvt. // Served also in Pointe Coupee Battalion Artillery.
MALBROUGH, J. Pvt. J. Marlboro.
MARQUIS, Adolphe. Pvt. Adolphe Marquise.
MILLER, G. W. Pvt. // Same G.W.M. as in Fenner's Battery?
ORY, Clement. Pvt. // Same O.C. as in Company H, Chalmette Regiment, Volunteer State Troops Militia Infantry?
POCHE, Octair. Pvt.
POURSINE, J. Pvt. J. Pourcine.
ROMAIN, F. Pvt.
ROUSSEAU, O. Pvt.
SCHEXNAYDER, A. Pvt. A. Schexnaildre.
SCHEXNAYDER, Eugene. Cpl. Eugene Schexnaildre.
SCHEXNAYDER, Francois. Sgt. Francois Schexnaildre.
SCHEXNAYDER, J. Pvt. J. Schexnaildre.
SCHEXNAYDER, S. Pvt. S. Schexnaildre. Same S.S. as in Company B, 30th Regiment/Battalion Infantry?
SCHEXNAYDER, T. Pvt. T. Schexnaildre.
SMITH, Daniel W. Sgt.
VENABLE, G. W. Pvt.
YOUNG, A. Pvt. A. Younga.