2nd Louisiana Cavalry Regiment


Field & Staff

Organization: Organized by the increase of Breazealeís Cavalry Battalion, Partisan Rangers, to a regiment ca. September 1, 1862. Surrendered by General E. K. Smith, commanding Trans-Mississippi Department, on May 26, 1865.

First Commander: William G. VINCENT, COL

Field Officers: James D. Blair, MAJ [January 14, 1863], LTC [January 13, 1864; resigned April 10, 1865]; Winter W. Breazeale, MAJ, LTC [January 14, 1863; resigned January 13, 1864]; W. Overton Breazeale, MAJ [January 13, 1864], LTC [April 10, 1865]; S.C. Furman, MAJ [April 10, 1865]; James M. Thompson, MAJ; James A. McWaters, LTC [killed January 14, 1863]

Assignments: Unattached, District of West Louisiana, Trans-Mississippi Department (Sep 62-Apr 63); Greenís Cavalry Brigade, District of West Louisiana, Trans-Mississippi Department (Jun-Nov 63); Unattached, District of West Louisiana, Trans-Mississippi Department (Nov 63-May 64); VINCENTís Cavalry Brigade, District of West Louisiana, Trans-Mississippi Department (Aug-Sep 64); VINCENTís Cavalry Brigade, 1st Corps, Trans-Mississippi Department (Sep-Oct 64); 1st (VINCENTís-Brentís) Louisiana Cavalry Brigade, 1st Louisiana Cavalry Division, 1st Corps, Trans-Mississippi Department (Dec 64-May 65)

Battles: Donaldsonville (September 21-25, 1862); Georgia Landing, near Labadieville (October 27, 1862); Bayou Teche (January 14, 1863); Fort Bisland [in reserve] (April 13-14, 1863); Irish Bend (April 14, 1863); Brashear City [detachment] (June 23, 1863); Red River Campaign (March-June 1864); Hendersonís Hill (March 21, 1864); Mansfield (April 8, 1864)

From Bergeron, LA Confed. Units, 42-43:

"This regiment was formed about September 1, 1862, near Donaldsonville by a merger of Breazealeís Battalion and five independent companies. On September 25, portions of the regiment engaged a small enemy force on Bayou Lafourche several miles below Donaldsonville and drove it back to its gunboats. The men again fought the Federals in the Battle of Labadieville, October 27, and retreated with the Confederate army to near Patterson on Bayou Teche. The men skirmished with the enemy during the closing days of 1862 and fought unsuccessfully to defend the gunboat Cotton on Bayou Teche, January 14, 1863. The regiment acted as a reserve force and picketed the shore of Grand Lake during the Battle of Bisland, April 12-13. On April 14, the regiment played a major role in the Battle of Irish Bend. The men helped perform rear guard duty during the retreat of General Richard Taylorís army from Franklin to Alexandria. When Taylorís army moved back into south Louisiana in June, the regiment was in the vanguard. A detachment of the regiment assisted in capturing the Union garrison at Brashear City on June 23. Through the late summer and fall of 1863, the men performed picket duty and scout duty along Bayou Teche and conducted several campaigns against Jayhawkers and deserters in the southwest Louisiana prairies. The regiment was almost constantly engaged with enemy forces during the unsuccessful Federal campaign toward Opelousas in October and November 1863. Through the winter of 1863-64, the regiment remained nearSt. Martinville to watch the enemy at Brashear City and guard the lower Atchafalaya River. The Federal advance toward Alexandria in March, 1864, slowly pushed the regiment back past that town. On the night of March 21, at Hendersonís Hill, the regiment and a Texas artillery battery were surprised and overrun, losing 200 prisoners [100 from the 2nd Cavalry]. The men fought dismounted in the Battle of Mansfield, April 8. Several days later, General Taylor ordered the regiment and the 7th Louisiana Cavalry into south Louisiana to drive out small enemy garrisons and to clear the region of Jayhawkers. The regiment returned to Taylorís army in time to participate in several skirmishes at the end of the Red River Campaign. From the summer of 1864 until the end of the war, the regiment operated in south Louisiana. The men performed picket, outpost, and scout duty along the Atchafalaya River and Bayou Teche and conducted occasional raids into the Bayou Lafourche region. Warís end found the remnants of the regiment in camp near Natchitoches. Some of the men received their paroles there; others surrendered at Opelousas and Washington."

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