14th Louisiana Infantry Regiment
W. McElgren--Co. B
Nickname: 1st Regiment, Polish Brigade
Organization: Organized as the 1st Polish Regiment on June 16, 1861. Mustered into Confederate service for the war at Camp Pulaski, near Amite, on August 24, 1861. Designation changed to the 13th Infantry Regiment on August 24, 1861. Designation changed to the 14th Infantry Regiment on September 21, 1861. Surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, on April 9, 1865.
First Commander: Valery Sulakowski, COL [resigned February 19, 1862]
Field Officers: Richard W. Jones, LTC, COL [February 19, 1862; resigned August 15, 1862]; William H. Toler, MAJ [August 15, 1862; dropped November 24, 1864], LTC [?]; Zebulon York, MAJ, LTC [February 19, 1862], COL [August 15, 1862; promoted BG, May 31, 1864]; David Zable, MAJ [February 19, 1862], LTC [August 15, 1862], COL [May 31, 1864]
Assignments: Department of the Peninsula (Sep-Oct 61); Sulakowski's Brigade, Department of the Peninsula (Oct 61); Rains' Division, Department of the Peninsula (Jan-Apr 62); Pryor's Brigade, Longstreet's Division, Department of Northern Virginia (Apr-Jun 62); Pryor's Brigade, Longstreet's Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Division (Jun-Jul 62); 2nd Louisiana Brigade, Ewell's Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (Jul 62); 2nd Louisiana Brigade, A. P. Hill's Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (Jul 62); 2nd Louisiana Brigae, Ewell's Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (Aug-Sep 62); 1st Louisiana Brigade, Ewell's-Early's Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (Dec 62-May 64); Consolidated Louisiana Brigade, Early's-Gordon's Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (May-Jun 64); Consolidated Louisiana Brigade, Gordon's Division, Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia (Jun-Dec 64); Consolidated Louisiana Brigade, Gordon's Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (Dec 64-Apr 65)
Battles: Yorktown Siege (April-May 1862); Williamsburg (May 5, 1862); Seven Pines (May 31-June 1, 1862); Seven Days Battles (June 25-July 1, 1862); Mechanicsville (June 26, 1862); Gaines' Mill (June 27, 1862); Frayser's Farm (June 30, 1862); Cedar Mountain (August 9, 1862); Bristoe Station (August 26, 1862); Kettle Run (August 27, 1862); 2nd Manassas (August 28-30, 1862); Chantilly (September 1, 1862); Harpers Ferry (September 12-15, 1862); Sharpsburg (September 17, 1862); Fredericksburg (December 13, 1862); Chancellorsville (May 1-4, 1863); 2nd Winchester (June 14-15, 1863); Gettysburg (July 1-3, 1863); Bristoe Campaign (October 1863); Mine Run Campaign (November-December 1863); Payne's Farm (November 27, 1863); The Wilderness (May 5-6, 1864); Spotsylvania Court House (May 8-21, 1864); North Anna (May 23-26, 1864); Cold Harbor (June 1-3, 1864); Lynchburg Campaign (May-June 1864); Monocacy (July 9, 1864); Kernstown (July 24, 1864); Shepherdstown (August 25, 1864); 3rd Winchester (September 19, 1864); Fisher's Hill (September 22, 1864); Cedar Creek (October 19, 1864); Petersburg Siege [from December] (June 1864-April 1865); Hatcher's Run (February 5-7, 1865); Fort Stedman (March 25, 1865); Petersburg Final Assault (April 2, 1865); Sayler's Creek (April 6, 1865); Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865)
From Bergeron, La. Confed. Units, 108-09:
"This regiment was organized June 16, 1861, as the 1st Regiment, Polish Brigade. It was mustered into Confederate service as the 13th Louisiana Regiment at Camp Pulaski, near Amite, on August 24. The regiment received orders to go to Virginia. While en route, some of the men got drunk and rioted at Grand Junction, Tennessee. Five men died before the officers could quell the mutiny. One company was disbanded as a result of the affair [original Company B most likely]. The regiment went to Yorktown in September. On September 21, the War Department changed the regiment's designation to the 14th Louisiana Regiment. The men served in the trenches during the Siege of Yorktown, in April, 1862, and fought in the Battle of Williamsburg, May 5. During the second day's fighting at the Battle of Seven Pines, June 1, the regiment saw limited action. The regiment participated in the battles of Mechanicsville, June 26; Gaines' Mill, June 27; and Frayser's Farm, June 30. During these engagements, 243 men were killed or wounded. On July 26, the regiment joined the 1st Louisiana Brigade, which included the 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th regiments [note difference with Sukakis's information]. The men saw only light skirmishing in the Battle of Cedar Mountain, August 9. During the 2nd Manassas Campaign, the regiment fought at Bristoe Station, August 26; at Kettle Run, August 27; at 2nd Manassas, August 29-30; and at Chantilly, September 1. The losses for those battles amounted to 49 men killed, wounded, or missing. In the Battle of Sharpsburg, September 17, the regiment suffered 53 casualties. The regiment transferred to the 2nd Louisiana Brigade on October 5 in exchange for the 9th Louisiana Regiment. From that time on, it served with the 1st, 2nd, 10th, and 15th Louisiana regiments [note difference with Sukakis]. At the Battle of Fredericksburg, December 13, the regiment remained in reserve; but it did some skirmishing with the enemy the next day. The brigade participated in General Stonewall Jackson's attacks on the Federal flank in the Battle of Chancellorsville, May 2-3, 1863. In the Battle of Winchester, June 15, the regiment captured 300 to 400 men of the 67th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment. The brigade made assaults against Culp's Hill, July 2-3, during the Battle of Gettysburg; 65 of its men were killed or wounded. When the army returned to Virginia, the brigade participated in the Bristoe Station Campaign, October 9-22. At the Battle of Payne's Farm, November 27, the regiment suffered 28 casualties. The brigade fought in the battles of the Wilderness, May 5, and Spotsylvania, May 9-20. The enemy overran the brigade's trenches on May 12 and captured most of the men engaged. After skirmishing with the enemy at Cold Harbor, June 1-3, the brigade joined General Jubal Early's army in the Shenandoah Valley. There the men fought in all the battles of the army from July to October. The regiment had suffered so many casualties by late October that it and the remnants of the 1st Louisiana Regiment were consolidated into a single company. The brigade rejoined the Army of Northern Virginia at Petersburg in December and served in the trenches there until the army evacuated the town in April, 1865. By the surrender at Appomattox, on April 9, only 2 officers and 25 enlisted men remained to sign paroles. Some 1,026 men served in the regiment during the war; 184 were killed, 85 died of disease, 1 died in an accident, 1 drowned, 1 was shot by court martial, and 5 were shot in the riot. The unit was the only Louisiana regiment in the Army of Northern Virginia that had no field officers die during the war."