7th Infantry Regiment Volunteer
Field & Staff
Nickname: Pelican Regiment
Organization: Organized at Camp Moore in May 1861. Mustered into Confederate service for the war at Camp Moore on June 5, 1861. Field consolidation with the 5th and 6th Infantry Regiments from November 1862 to April 9, 1865. Surrendered at Appomattox Court House, Virginia on April 9, 1865.
First Commander: Harry T. Hays, COL [promoted BG July 25, 1862]
Field Officers: Charles DeChoisel, LTC [died of wounds June 22, 1862]; David B. PENN, MAJ, LTC [June 22, 1862], COL [July 25, 1862]; Thomas M. Terry, MAJ [June 22, 1862], LTC [July 25, 1862]; J. Moore, MAJ [July 25, 1862]
Assignments: Early’s Brigade, Army of the Potomac (Jun-Jul 61); Early’s Brigade, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac (Jul 61); W.H.T. Walker’s-Taylor’s Brigade, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac (Jul-Oct 61); 1st Louisiana Brigade, 1st Corps, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia (Oct-Nov 61); 1st Louisiana Brigade, E.K. Smith’s Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (Nov 61-Feb 62); 1st Louisiana Brigade, E.K. Smith’s-Ewell’s Division, Department of Northern Virginia (Feb-May 62); 1st Louisiana Brigade, Ewell’s Division, Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia (May-Jun 62); 1st Louisiana Brigade, Ewell’s-Early’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (Jun 62-May 64); Consolidated Louisiana Brigade, Early’s-Gordon’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (May-Jun 64); Consolidated Louisiana Brigade, Gordon’s Division, Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia (Jun-Dec 64); Consolidated Louisiana Brigade, Gordon’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (Dec 64-Apr 65)
Battles: Blackburn’s Ford (July 18, 1861); 1st Manassas (July 21, 1861); Shenandoah Valley Campaign (May-June 1862); Somerville Heights [skirmish] [detachment] (May 7, 1862); Front Royal [in reserve] (May 23, 1862); Middletown (May 24, 1862); 1st Winchester (May 25, 1862); Mount Carmel (June 1, 1862); Cross Keys (June 8-9, 1862); Port Republic (June 9, 1862); Seven Days Battles (June 25-July 1, 1862); Gaines’ Mill (June 27, 1862); Malvern Hill (July 1, 1862); Cedar Mountain (August 9, 1862); Bristoe Station (August 26, 1862); Kettle Run (August 27, 1862); 2nd Manassas (August 28-30, 1862); Chantilly (September 1, 1862); Harpers Ferry (September 12-15, 1862); Sharpsburg (September 17, 1862); Fredericksburg (December 13, 1862); Chancellorsville (May 1-4, 1863); Marye’s Heights (May 3, 1863); 2nd Winchester (June 14-15, 1863); Gettysburg (July1-3, 1863); Bristoe Campaign (October 1863); Rappahannock Station (November 7, 1863); Mine Run Campaign (November-December 1863); The Wilderness (May 5-6, 1864); Spotsylvania Court House (May 8-21, 1864); North Anna (May 23-26, 1864); Cold Harbor (June 1-3, 1864); Lynchburg Campaign (May-June 1864); Monocacy (July 9, 1864); Kernstown (July 24, 1864); Shepherdstown (August 25, 1864); 3rd Winchester (September 19, 1864); Fisher’s Hill (September 22, 1864); Cedar Creek (October 19, 1864); Petersburg Siege [from December] (June 1864-April 1865); Hatcher’s Run (February 5-7, 1865); Fort Stedman (March 25, 1865); Petersburg Final Assault (April 2, 1865); Sayler’s Creek (April 6, 1865); Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865)
From Bergeron, La. Confed. Units, 88-89:
"This regiment was organized June 5, 1861, at Camp Moore with 944 men. Ordered to Virginia, the regiment went into camp near Manassas. The men participated in a skirmish at Blackburn’s Ford on July 18. In the Battle of 1st Manassas, July 21, the regiment helped attack and rout the Union army’s right flank but suffered only light casualties. Later in the month, the regiment, along with the 6th, 8th, and 9th Louisiana regiments and Wheat’s Tiger Battalion, joined what came to be known as the 1st Louisiana Brigade. In the spring of 1862, the brigade joined General Stonewall Jackson’s army in the Shenandoah Valley and played a major role in its victories there. The regiment was in reserve at Front Royal on May 23 but suffered two casualties. At the Battle of Winchester, May 25, the men participated in the assault by the brigade, which drove the enemy from the field. The regiment played a small part in the Battle of Cross Keys, June 8. At the Battle of Port Republic, June 9, the regiment was separated from the brigade and suffered casualties of nearly 50 percent. During the Seven Days’ Battles, the regiment fought at Gaines’ Mill, June 27, and at Malvern Hill, July 1. The men saw limited action at Cedar Mountain, August 9, but did much fighting in the battles of the 2nd Manassas Campaign, August 26-30, and in the Battle of Chantilly, September 1. The regiment was present at the capture ofHarper’s Ferry, September 14. In the Battle of Sharpsburg, September 17, 69 men were killed, wounded, or missing. The men were in reserve near Hamilton’s Crossing during the Battle of Fredericksburg, December 13. When the Federals crossed the Rappahannock River in May, 1863, the regiment skirmished with them on May 2 before falling back to Marye’s Heights. The men fought the Federals again on May 3 and 4 in that area. After skirmishing with the enemy atWinchester on June 13, the regiment was heavily engaged there the next day and captured two cannons in a small redoubt. The men were in the first day’s fight at Gettysburg, July 1, and received praise for their conduct during the night attack on Cemetery Hill, July 2. In the Bristoe Station Campaign, October 9-22, the regiment saw little fighting. On November 7, the enemy overran the entrenchments at Rappahannock Station held by the brigade, and 180 men of the regiment fell into enemy hands. The brigade fought in the Battle of the Wilderness, May 5, 1864, and helped blunt the enemy attack on the Mule Shoe, May 12, during the Spotsylvania Campaign. After skirmishing with the Federals near Cold Harbor, June 2-3, the brigade marched into the Shenandoah Valley and stopped an enemy advance there. The regiment fought in the Battle of Monocacy, July 9, during General Jubal Early’s advance on Washington, D.C. In the battles against General Phil Sheridan’s army, the brigade fought at Winchester, September 19; at Fisher’s Hill, September 22; and at Cedar Creek, October 19. So reduced in numbers had the regiment become by late November that it was consolidated with the 5th and 6th Louisiana regiments into a single company. The brigade saw duty in the trenches at Petersburg during the winter of 1864-65. When the army surrendered at Appomattox, on April 9, 1865, only 42 men remained to sign paroles. The regiment had approximately 1,077 men on its rolls during the war. Of that number, 190 died in battle, 68 died of disease, 2 died in accidents, 1 was murdered, and 1 was executed. About 53 men deserted the regiment."