8th Infantry Regiment

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Organization: Organized at Camp Moore on June 15, 1861. Mustered into Confederate service with seven companies for the war and three companies for 12 months at Camp Moore on June 15, 1861. Reorganized for the war in April 1862. Surrendered at Appomattox Court House, Virginia on April 9, 1865.

First Commander: Henry B. Kelly, COL [appointed judge of military court April 6, 1863]

Field Officers: Alcibiades DE BLANC, MAJ [July 2, 1863], LTC [April 6, 1863], COL [July 2, 1863; retired August 15, 1864]; German A. Lester, MAJ [April 6, 1863], LTC [July 2, 1863; killed June 2, 1864]; Trevanion D. Lewis, MAJ [May 7, 1862], LTC [October 15, 1862], COL [April 6, 1863; killed July 2, 1863]; Francis R.T. Nicholls, LTC [promoted BG October 15, 1862]; John B.E. Prados, MAJ [dropped May 7, 1862]

Assignments: Unattached, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac (Jul 61); W.H.T. Walker’s-Taylor’s Brigade, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac (Jul-Oct 61); 1stLouisiana Brigade, 1st Corps, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia (Oct-Nov 61); 1st Louisiana Brigade, E.K. Smith’s Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (Nov 61-Feb 62); 1st Louisiana Brigade, E.K. Smith’s-Ewell’s Division, Department of Northern Virginia (Feb-May 62); 1st Louisiana Brigade, Ewell’s Division, Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia (May-Jun 62); 1st Louisiana Brigade, Ewell’s-Early’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (Jun 62-May 64); Consolidated Louisiana Brigade, Early’s-Gordon’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (May-Jun 62); Consolidated Louisiana Brigade, Gordon’s Division, Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia (Jun-Dec 64); Consolidated Louisiana Brigade, Gordon’s Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia (Dec 64-Apr 65)

Battles: 1st Manassas [not engaged] (July 21, 1861); Shenandoah Valley Campaign (May-June 1862); Front Royal (May 23, 1862); Middletown (May 24, 1862); 1st Winchester (May 25, 1862); Front Royal (May 30, 1862); Mount Carmel (June 1, 1862); Cross Keys (June 8-9, 1862); Port Republic (June 9, 1862); Seven Days Battles (June 25-July 1, 1862); Gaines’ Mill (June 27, 1862); Malvern Hill (July 1, 1862); Cedar Mountain (August 9, 1862); Bristoe Station (August 26, 1862); Kettle Run (August 27, 1862); 2nd Manassas (August 28-30, 1862); Chantilly (September 1, 1862); Harpers Ferry (September 12-15, 1862); Sharpsburg (September 17, 1862); Fredericksburg (December 13, 1862); Chancellorsville (May 1-4, 1863); Marye’s Heights (May 3, 1863); Salem Church (May 4, 1863); 2nd Winchester (June 14-15, 1863); Gettysburg (July 1-3, 1863); Bristoe Campaign (October 1863); Rappahannock Station (November 7, 1863); Mine Run Campaign (November-December 1863); The Wilderness (May 5-6, 1864); Spotsylvania Court House (May 8-21, 1864); North Anna (May 23-26, 1864); Cold Harbor (June 1-3, 1864); Lynchburg Campaign (May-June 1864); Monocacy (July 9, 1864); 3rd Winchester (September 19, 1864); Fisher’s Hill (September 22, 1864); Cedar Creek (October 19, 1864); Petersburg Siege [from December] (June 1864-April 1865); Fort Stedman (March 25, 1865); Sayler’s Creek (April 6, 1865); Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865)

From Bergeron, LA Confed. Units, 91-92:

"This regiment was organized at Camp Moore on June 15, 1861, with 889 men. Six companies of the regiment reached Manassas, Virginia, on July 17. During the battle there on July 21, the regiment was in reserve guarding supplies and was not engaged. Soon afterwards, the regiment became part of what was known as the 1st Louisiana Brigade, along with the 6th, 7th, and 9th Louisiana regiments and the 1st Louisiana Special Battalion. The brigade wintered in northern Virginia and in the spring joined General Stonewall Jackson’s army in the Shenandoah Valley. On May 23, 1862, the regiment participated in the capture of Front Royal. The men fought in the Battle of Winchester, May 25, but suffered few casualties. Federal troops captured a portion of the regiment on May 30 at Front Royal while the men were guarding supplies. The regiment saw limited action at Cross Keys, June 8, and was heavily engaged at Port Republic, June 9. During the Seven Days’ Battles near Richmond, the regiment fought at Gaines’ Mill, June 27, and at Malvern Hill, July 1. The regiment skirmished with the enemy atBristoe Station and Kettle Run, August 27-28. In the first day’s fighting at 2nd Manassas, August 29, the men helped drive back an enemy attack. The men fought again at Chantilly, September 1. In the bloody Battle of Sharpsburg, September 17, 103 men were killed or wounded. The regiment was held in reserve during the Battle of Fredericksburg, December 13. On May 3 and 4, 1863, the regiment fought in the actions at Marye’s Heights and Salem Church. The men remained in reserve during the skirmishing at Winchester, June 13-14. On July 1, the brigade helped rout part of the Federal army near Gettysburg. The regiment participated in the attack on Cemetery Hill, July 2, and lost its flag in the fighting. After the army returned to Virginia, the regiment took part in the Bristoe Station Campaign, October 9-22. The enemy overran the brigade at Rappahannock Station on November 7 and captured 162 officers and enlisted men of the regiment. The brigade attacked the Federals on May 5, 1864, during the Battle of the Wilderness. On May 12, the brigade helped stop the Federal attack that overran most of the entrenchments known as the Mule Shoe. After seeing some fighting at Cold Harbor, June 1-3, the remnants of the regiment accompanied the brigade to the Shenandoah Valley. The men fought in the battles of Monocacy, July 9; Winchester, July 24; Shepherdstown, August 25;Winchester, September 19; Fisher’s Hill, September 21-22; and Cedar Creek, October 19. In December, the brigade rejoined the army at Petersburg and saw some fighting there in February and March, 1865. At Appomattox on April 9, 3 officers and 54 enlisted men surrendered. Of the total of 1,321 men enrolled in the regiment during the war, 252 were killed, 171 died of disease, 2 were murdered, and 1 died in an accident. About 80 men deserted from the regiment."

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