Other Names: Taylors Hole Creek, Smithville, Smiths Ferry, Black River
Location: Harnett County and Cumberland County
Campaign: Campaign of the Carolinas (February-April 1865)
Date(s): March 16, 1865
Principal Commanders: Maj. Gen. Henry Slocum [US]; Lt. Gen. William Hardee [CS]
Forces Engaged: XX Corps and XIV Corps (25,992) [US]; Hardees Corps (5,400) [CS]
Estimated Casualties: 1,419 total
Description: On the afternoon of March 15, Judson Kilpatricks cavalry came up against Lt. Gen. William Hardees corpsconsisting of Taliaferros and McLaws infantry divisions and Wheelers dismounted cavalrydeployed across the Raleigh Road near Smithville. After feeling out the Confederate defenses, Kilpatrick withdrew and called for infantry support. During the night, four divisions of the XX Corps arrived to confront the Confederates. At dawn, March 16, the Federals advanced on a division front, driving back skirmishers, but they were stopped by the main Confederate line and a counterattack. Mid-morning, the Federals renewed their advance with strong reinforcements and drove the Confederates from two lines of works, but were repulsed at a third line. Late afternoon, the Union XIV Corps began to arrive on the field but was unable to deploy before dark due to the swampy ground. Hardee retreated during the night after holding up the Union advance for nearly two days.