Location: Carteret County
Campaign: Burnsides North Carolina Expedition (January-July 1862)
Date(s): March 23-April 26, 1862
Principal Commanders: Brig. Gen. John G. Parke [US]; Lt. Col. Moses J. White [CS]
Forces Engaged: Parkes Division of Department of North Carolina, 3rd Division [US]; Fort Macon Garrison [CS]
Estimated Casualties: 490 total (US 10; CS 480)
Description: In late March, Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnsides army advanced on Fort Macon, a third system casemated masonry fort that commanded the channel to Beaufort, 35 miles southeast of New Berne. The Union force invested the fort with siege works and, on April 26, opened an accurate fire on the fort, which soon breached the masonry walls. Within a few hours the forts scarp began to collapse, and the Confederates hoisted a white flag. This action demonstrated the inadequacy of masonry forts against large-bore, rifled artillery.
Result(s): Union victory