27th Infantry Regiment

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27th Infantry Regiment was formed at New Bern, North Carolina, in June, 1861, as the 9th Regiment. Reorganized in September as the 17th, its designation was later changed to the 27th. Men of this unit were recruited in Orange, Guilford, Wayne, Pitt, Lenoir, Perquimans, and Jones counties. It was assigned to General R. Ransom's, J.G. Walker's, and Cooke's Brigade. After fighting at New Bern, the 27th saw action in the Seven Days' Battles and at Sharpsburg and Fredericksburg. During the spring and summer of 1863 it served in North Carolina, South Carolina, and in the Richmond area. The unit continued the fight at Bristoe, The Wilderness, Spotsylvania, and Cold Harbor, and later endured the hardships of the Petersburg siege south of the James River. It ended the war at Appomattox. It had 6 wounded at Malvern Hill, lost sixty-three percent of the 325 engaged at Sharpsburg, and had 2 killed and 13 wounded at Fredericksburg. Seventy percent of the 416 at Bristoe were disabled, and when the regiment surrendered, it had 9 officers and 103 men. The field officers were Colonels John R. Cooke, J.A. Gilmer, Jr., George B. Singeltary, John Sloan, and George F. Whitfield; Lieutenant Colonels R.W. Singeltary, Thomas C. Singeltary, and Joseph C. Webb; and Major Calvin Herring.

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