31st Infantry Regiment

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31st Infantry Regiment, organized at Wilmington, North Carolina, in September, 1861, contained men from Anson, Edgecombe, Brunswick, Beaufort, Craven, and Harnett counties. Stationed at Roanoke Island, the unit was captured in February, 1862. After being exchanged, it was assigned to General Clingman's Brigade and remained under his command for the duration of the war. The 31st fought at White Hall, then moved to the Charleston area where it was engaged in various conflicts including the fight at Battery Wagner. Ordered north it took an active part in the battles at Drewry's Bluff and Cold Harbor, and later endured the hardships of the Petersburg siege north and south of the James River. In 1865 it fought its last battle at Bentonville. The unit had 456 effectives at Roanoke Island and lost 7 killed, 31 wounded, and 1 missing defending Battery Wagner on July 18, 1863. Few surrendered with the Army of Tennessee. Its commanders were Colonel John V. Jordan; Lieutenant Colonels Daniel G. Fowle, Charles W. Knight, and Edward R. Liles; and Majors John A.D. McKay and Jesse J. Yeates.

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