12th Infantry Regiment, formerly the 2nd Volunteers, was organized near Garysburg, North Carolina, in May, 1861. Its companies were drawn from the counties of Warren, Granville, Catawba, Cleveland, Nash, Duplin, Halifax, and Robeson. The regiment served in General Garland's, Iverson's, and R.D. Johnston's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. After fighting at Hanover Court House it participated in many conflicts from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor, saw action in Early's Shenandoah Valley operations, and ended the war at Appomattox. This unit sustained 211 casualties during the Seven Days' Battles, 5 at Fredericksburg, and 118 Chancellorsville. Of the 219 engaged at Gettysburg, thirty-six percent were disabled, and there were 3 killed and 11 wounded at Bristoe. It surrendered 8 officers and 139 men of which 76 were armed. The field officers were Colonels Henry E. Coleman, Benjamin O. Wade, and Solomon Williams; Lieutenant Colonels Edward Cantwell, William S. Davis, and Thomas L. Jones; and Majors Robert W. Alston, Augustus W. Burton, and David P. Rowe.