This regiment was organized with 9 companies
from the 1st Artillery Battalion on 25 Mar 1862. Company K was
assigned on 12 APR 1862. Company A (Sumter Artillery) served as
light artillery and the remainder of the regiment served as heavy
artillery and infantry. Company A was armed with four 12-lb. Napoleons
on 3 May 1864.
The 1st Atrillery Regiment participated in the Bombardment of Ft. Sumter in April of 1861. It fought in the defense of Port Royal in November of 1861. Members manned some of the guns that repelled the Federal assault on Battery Lamar at Secessionville, June 1862. It helped defeat the Federal Ironclad attack against Ft. Sumter in 1863. A battery of light guns defended the Confederate right flank at Battery Wagner. When the Confederate garrison was withdrawn from Charleston in February of 1865, the unit left Charleston with 1000 men and fought Sherman in SC and NC as infantry before surrendering with the Army of Tennessee in May. The unit operated heavy seacoast batteries, mortars, and light field artillery. This regiment was surrendered by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston at Durham Station, Orange County, NC on 26 Apr 1865.