1st Infantry Regiment Volunteers was organized in Nashville, Tennessee, in May, 1861. Its companies were recruited in Nashville and the counties of Davidson, Nashville, Williamson, Hardin, Maury, Giles, and Rutherford. The unit moved to Virginia, took part in Lee's Cheat Mountain Campaign, served under T.J. Jackson, then in February, 1862, returned to Tennessee. After fighting at Shiloh and Perryville , it was assigned to Maney's and Palmer's Brigade, Army of Tennessee, and during December, 1862, was consolidated with the 27th Regiment. It participated in the campaigns of the army from Murfreesborough to Atlanta, endured Hood's winter operations in Tennessee, and ended the war in North Carolina. At Perryville it lost 179 killed, wounded, or missing. The 1st/27th reported 8 killed and 75 wounded of the 457 at Murfreesboro, had 14 killed and 75 wounded at Chickamauga, and totalled 456 men and 290 arms in December, 1863. It surrendered with less that 125 effectives. The field officers were Colonels Hume R. Feild and George Maney; Lieutenant Colonels John L. House, John Patterson, and Theodore F. Sevier; and Major Abraham M. Looney.