2nd Infantry Regiment Provisional Army was organized in May, 1861, at Nashville, Tennessee, and mustered into Confederate service at Lynchburg, Virginia. Its members were recruited in the counties of Rutherford, Maury, Davidson, Bedford, Trousdale, Shelby, and Sumner. The unit was assigned to J.G. Walker's and French's Brigade, fought at Aquia Creek and First Manassas, then in February, 1862, returned to Tennessee. Later it was attached to Cleburne's, L.E. Polk's, Tyler's, and Palmer's Brigade. After fighting at Shiloh, Richmond, and Perryville, the regiment participated in the campaigns of the Army of Tennessee from Murfreesborough to Atlanta, then was involved in Hood's Tennessee operations and the Battle of Bentonville. It lost thirty-seven percent of the 300 at Richmond, had 4 killed and 59 wounded at Murfreesboro, and of the 264 engaged at Chickamauga, more than sixty percent were disabled. The unit totaled 262 men and 146 arms in December, 1863, had 133 in action at Ringgold Gap , but could muster only 65 after the Battle of Nashville . Few surrendered on April 26, 1865. The field officers were Colonels William B. Bate and William D. Robison; Lieutenant Colonels John A. Butler, David L. Goodall, and William J. Hale; and Majors William R. Doak and William T. Driver.