Purcell Light Artillery completed its organization at Richmond, Virginia, in April 1861. The unit was assigned to R. L. Walker's and W. J. Pegram's Battalion of Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia. It participated in many campaigns from Williamsburg to Cold Harbor, was involved in the operations against Petersburg and Richmond, and saw action around Appomattox. The battery reported 7 killed and 53 wounded during the Seven Days' Battles, and lost seven percent of the 89 engaged at Gettysburg. It was included in the surrender on April 9, 1865. Its captains were George M. Cayce, William J. Pegram, and R. Lindsay Walker.