Location: Rockingham County
Campaign: Jacksons Shenandoah Valley Campaign (March-June 1862)
Date(s): June 8, 1862
Principal Commanders: Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont [US]; Maj. Gen. Richard S. Ewell [CS]
Forces Engaged: 17,300 total (US 11,500; CS 5,800)
Estimated Casualties: 951 total (US 664; CS 287)
Description: Moving up the Shenandoah Valley in pursuit of Jacksons army, Maj. Gen. John C. Frémonts army encountered Maj. Gen. Richard S. Ewells division at Cross Keys on June 8. Brig. Gen. Julius Stahels brigade, attacking on the Union left, was stunned by a surprise volley from Trimbles command and driven back in confusion. After feeling out other parts of the Confederate line, Frémont withdrew to the Keezletown Road under protection of his batteries. The next day, Trimbles and Pattons brigades held Frémont at bay, while the rest of Ewells force crossed the river to assist in the defeat of Brig. Gen. E. Tyler's command at Port Republic.
Result(s): Confederate victory