Location: Shenandoah County
Campaign: Sheridans Shenandoah Valley Campaign (August-December 1864)
Date(s): September 21-22, 1864
Principal Commanders: Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan [US]; Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early [CS]
Forces Engaged: 38,944 total (US 29,444; CS 9,500)
Estimated Casualties: 1,763 total (US 528; CS 1,235)
Description: Earlys army, bloodied by its defeat at Opequon (Third Winchester) on September 19, took up a strong defensive position at Fishers Hill, south of Strasburg. On September 21, the Union army advanced, driving back the skirmishers and capturing important high ground. On the 22nd, Crooks Corps moved along North Mountain to outflank Early and attacked about 4 pm. The Confederate cavalry offered little resistance, and the startled infantry were unable to face the attacking force. The Confederate defense collapsed from west to east as Sheridans other corps join in the assault. Early retreated to Rockfish Gap near Waynesboro, opening the Valley to a Union scorched earth invasion. Mills and barns from Staunton to Strasburg were burned in what became known as the Burning or Red October.
Result(s): Union victory