Other Names: Bethesda Church, Crumps Creek, Matadequin Creek, Shady Grove Road, Hanovertown
Location: Hanover County
Campaign: Grants Overland Campaign (May-June 1864)
Date(s): May 28-30, 1864
Principal Commanders: Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Maj. Gen. George G. Meade [US]; Gen. Robert E. Lee [CS]
Forces Engaged: Corps
Estimated Casualties: 2,200 total (US 1,100; CS 1,100)
Description: Operations along Totopotomoy Creek opened with cavalry combats at the Pamunkey River crossing at Dabneys Ferry (Hanovertown) and at Crumps Creek on May 27. During the cavalry fight at Haws Shop on May 28, Union and Confederate infantry arrived in the vicinity. The Confederates entrenched behind Totopotomoy Creek. On the 29th, the Union II, IX, and V Corps probed Lees position along the creek, while the VI Corps felt its way toward Hanover Court House. Early on the 30th, the VI Corps turned south to come in on the far right flank of the Union line (II Corps) but bogged down in swampy Crumps Creek without getting into position. The II Corps forced a crossing of Totopotomoy Creek in two places, capturing the first line of Confederate trenches, but the advance was stopped at the main line. The IX Corps maneuvered into position on the left of the II Corps, driving back Confederate pickets on the Shady Grove Road. In the meantime, the V Corps, moving near Bethesda Church on the far left flank of the Union army, was attacked by Earlys corps. The Federals were driven back to Shady Grove Road after heavy fighting. Confederate Brig. Gen. George Doles was killed by a sharpshooter near Bethesda Church on June 2.