27th Infantry Regiment was organized in May 1861, and accepted into Confederate service in July. The men were from the counties of Alleghany, Rockbridge, Monroe, Greenbrier, and Ohio. It contained only eight companies and became part of the famous Stonewall Brigade. During the war it served under the command of General I J. Jackson, R. B. Garnett, Winder, Paxton, J. A. Walker, and W. Terry. The 27th fought at First Manassas, First Kernstown, and in Jackson's Valley Campaign. It then participated in the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor, moved with Early to the Shenandoah Valley, and was active around Appomattox. The regiment reported 141 casualties at First Manassas, 57 at First Kernstown, and 4 of the 136 engaged at first Winchester. It lost 3 killed at Cedar Mountain, had 4 killed and 23 wounded at Second Manassas, and sustained 9 killed and 62 wounded at Chancellorsville. Of the 148 in action at Gettysburg about thirty percent were disabled. Only 1 officer and 20 men surrendered. The field officers were Colonels John Echols, James K. Edmondson, William W. Gordon, and A. J. Grigsby; Lieutenant Colonels Charles L. Haynes and Daniel M. Shriver; and Majors Philip F. Frazer and Elisha F. Paxton.