1. BAILEY SHUMATE JACOBS (1835-1863) was
the eldest child of Colonel Edward B. and Mary Ann Shumate Jacobs
of Front Royal. His father was a prominent civic leader and merchant
of Front Royal for half a century, founded its first bank, represented
Warren County in the Virginia Assembly, and was long a presiding
Justice of the County Court. Bailey was 25 years old when he volunteered
with the "Warren Blues." From his letters home and his
muster roll reports, quoted often in this history, we follow the
fortunes of Company D.
As a lieutenant, he drew $90.00 monthly, as a captain his pay was $130.00. A document in the National Archives attests that on April 7, 1863, he received $780.00 as six months salary due him since he was last paid the previous Sept. It may be his delayed pay was due to his frequent absences on sick leave that winter of 1862-63, as shown by "Rosters of Commissioned Officers of Early's Brigade." In Nov. 1862, he was at Front Royal "sick since Sept. 28th;" he was "absent sick" in Dec. and was "absent 28 days on sick leave" in Feb. During one of these times at home an alarm was spread that Yankees were in town rounding up Confederate soldiers. Capt. Jacobs fled from his home on Chester Street and hid in the cemetery behind the Methodist Church on Main Street. After dark he heard a low voice calling among the tombstones, "Massa Bailey, Massa Bailey." Fearing a Yankee ruse to trick him into capture, he did not answer until convinced that it really was Mose, his faithful body servant, whom his mother had sent with food and an overcoat to find him.
Captain Jacobs was wounded at Seven Pines May 31, 1862. Then came Gettysburg with a fatal bullet destined to end the young commander's life. His devoted father often followed this soldier son to the battlefields and was present with a wagon when Bailey fell on the third day of fighting at Gettysburg. He had gotten him as far as Winchester on the home-ward trek when it became clear that he could travel no farther. His body servent, Mose, was sent on horseback to Front Royal to inform Mrs. Jacobs of her son's mortal wounds and to fetch her, if possible, through the Federal lines. She and Mose, mounted on the same horse, rode by a circuitous route through the night, and reached Winchester just in time to witness the death of her son "between 4 and 5 o'clock on the morning of July 16, 1863." He was buried at "Maple Grove", home of his maternal grandparents, Bailey and Ann Elizabeth Weaver Shumate, near Bayard, Warren County, Va.
2. JAMES BOOTON and WILLIAM AYELETTE COMPTON, sons of Dr. Zachariah James and Eliza McKay Compton, were born at Milford (now Overall), Page County. Being of patriotic linage, scions of two Revolutionary soldiers, they were eager for battle at the outbreak of the War between the States. James came to Front Royal to join the "Warren Rifles", but became ill and upon recovery enlisted in the "Warren Blues" instead. For several months he served as a courier for Gen. Lee, then for medical reasons was transferred from the infantry to the 35th Battalion Virginia Cavalry. He was in many battles, and was slightly wounded at 2nd Manassas, where he and his brother, William, met that night while the opposing armies were resting. Hearing a wounded Northern soldier continually calling for water, the two brothers crossed the line to carry water to their enemy.
WILLIAM AYELETTE COMPTON (1845-1932) was only 16 years old
when hostilities began, but "seeing the soldiers pass our
home enroute to Manassas fired my military spirit," he recalled,
"and I was anxious to go, too, but my father would not consent
because of my age. However, when our soldiers evacuated Manassas
and the Yankees came up the Valley, he thought it best for me
to go, as I was so well grown I would surely be imprisoned by
the enemy forces.
"So I went with some of our neighbors who were going back to their company in the 49th Va. Infantry, then stationed at Yorktown, Va.... and had the pleasure of seeing my name entered (April 30, 1862) on the roll of Co. D, 49th Va. Infantry, under Col. 'Extra Billy' Smith. My first duty was to stand guard at his tent. When he learned I was the son of Dr. Compton, whom he knew well, he made me lie down in his tent, seeing how tired I was, and afterwards showed me many favors."
In time the young warrior became a Sergeant. Thereafter he participated in the miraculous flank movement around Pope's army and the 2nd Battle of Manassas; was wounded at Gettysburg and at Spotsylvania May 12, 1864, where he had the envied honor of leading General Lee's horse to the rear. (See account of that battle). He was captured at Fisher's Hill Sept. 22, 1864, and imprisoned for six miserable months at Point Lookout, Md. Release came on his 20th birthday, March 17th, and he returned to his home at Milford for a furlough. He had nine days of his parole time left and his mother had all of his clothes ready for his return to the army, when news came of Gen. Lee's surrender at Appomattox.
The two Compton brothers resumed their schooling at the reputed Salyards Academy in Luray, Va. and prepared for public service. James was Deputy Clerk of Page County for several terms, and later Commissioner of Revenue for Warren County. William was Clerk of Warren County Court for several years, Sheriff of Warren County for 16 years, and a successful merchant. He was among the last surviving Confederate veterans of that County, a stately figure recalled by many who loved and respected him as "General Compton", a title conferred in 1919 when he was appointed Brigadier General commanding the 3rd Brigade of the Va. Division, United Confederate Veterans.
Descendants of both Compton soldiers have placed memorials to them in the Confederate Museum at Front Royal, Va.
3. JAMES MORTIMER MATHEWS (1828-1889) was a mature man of 33 years when, like Cincinnatus, farmer-patriot of an earlier day, he left his plow to defend his homeland with the "Warren Blues." National Archives records show him present at the bi-monthly Muster Rolls until he was wounded and captured at Sharpsburg September 17, 1862. Ten days later he appears on a list of paroled prisoners of war, but the Company Muster of April 30, 1863, records him still "absent wounded since Sept. 17." He was at a Receiving and Wayside Hospital in Richmond March 25, 1863, but "lived to fight another day" and shed more blood at Spotsylvania on May 12, 1864. He was taken first to Chimborazo Hospital at Richmond with a gunshot wound in his right hip, then transferred to Huguenot Springs, and the Muster of October 31st reports him still absent due to wound received May 12th. He had been paid last on Dec. 31, 1863, but appears on a Receipt Roll for clothing issued April 23, 1864, His parole, signed at Winchester April 22, 1865, describes James Mathews as five feet, nine inches tall; dark, and surely handsome with brown eyes and hair. He returned to tilling his native heath in support of his ten children born to him and Melvilla Walters Mathews. The son of Abraham Keller Mathews, he was born and lived in Thompson's Hollow, seat of this prevalent Warren County family since pioneer days, and there he was buried among the graves of his kinsmen. His descendants have memorialized him in the Confederate Museum at Front Royal.
4. ROBERT ISRAEL MATHEWS (1830-1888),
born in Warren County, Va., descended from a pioneer family, who
settled in that area as early as 1746. The original spelling of
the name as Mathes lingered even in Robert Israel's day, for the
National Archives records of his service in the Confederate Army
show his name as both "Mathes" and "Mathews."
They show, also, that he was wounded at Fredericksburg Dec. 13,
1862, and hardly recovered when he was again "desperately
wounded" in the Wilderness campaign May 6, 1864. (See account
of that battle.) He was on a list of prisoners of war paroled
at Winchester, Va., April 22, 1865. His war reminiscences included
a battle fought near a railroad. The track ran over a fill, making
a high embankment across which the opposing troops fired at such
close range that each could see the lint and fragments fly from
the bullet-pierced uniforms of his enemy.
One day in the 1880's Robert Mathews and his wife went to visit their son and his family, who lived at Overall, on the creek that divides Page and Warren Counties. The son had gone to Bentonville on business, and had not returned when the time came for his parents to leave. Edwin Mathews, a six-year-old grandson, was sent down the road to see if his father were in sight. He had to cross the creek on a log foot bridge and just when he got half-way over, along came his big pet dog and crowded him off the bridge into the middle of the stream. Grandfather Mathews ran to his rescue and pulled him safely out of the water, but oh! his beautiful red-topped boots, the pride and joy of his young life, were all water soaked. They were set by the fireplace to dry. What must that same frolicsome dog do but knock one of the boots over into the fire and burn the top off. Then, indeed, was the boy heartbroken, but Grandfather was a shoemaker. He took the boot home, put a new top on it, and forever endeared himself to the grandson. Years later, still remembering him with all the shining splendor of those red-topped boots, Edwin collected a fund to memorialize Robert Israel Mathews in the Confederate Museum at Front Royal.
5. ALPHEUS and INMAN HORNER CORNWELL
were sons of Elias and Susan White Cornwell of Warren County,
Va. They had fine voices and enlivened the dreary marches and
campfires by their singing. Inman was wounded July 21, 1861, at
Manassas and again at Seven Pines May 31, 1862.
Alpheus, too, was twice wounded, in the wrist at Seven Pines and his left thigh in the Wilderness campaign May 6, 1864. It could be said he served the Confederacy until his death, for he suffered much throughout life from shot embedded in his thigh bone. He was nursed in the Confederate General Hospital at Charlottesville, Va., until furloughed July 19, 1864, when his father took him home, weak from gangrene and erysipelas. A few days later Yankees came to search the house and his father barely had time to lift him on his shoulders, rush him into a bedroom, and hide him under a curtained bed in which his sister, Sheba, lay very ill. He implored the Yankees not to disturb his sick daughter, and was relieved when they looked into her room but decided not to enter. Had Alpheus been discovered and taken prisoner, it is doubtful that he would have survived the war in his weak condition.
Alpheus Cornwell's parole papers, dated May 5, 1865, at Winchester, Va., describe him as 30 years old; 5 ft. 9 inches tall, with black hair and hazel eyes-handsome enough to win the love of Mary Caroline Ridgeway, whom he married December 21, 1865. She died in 1878, leaving seven daughters, whom he reared with sacrificial devotion, "a man of many excellent qualities, who held the esteem and respect of the people among whom his life was spent," reads his obituary. He died in October, 1898, and with his brother, Inman, is buried in the Cornwell family graveyard in the Fork District of Warren County. His descendants have "risen up to call him blessed," placing his military records and a bronze memorial plaque in the Warren Rifles Confederate Museum at Front Royal.
6. LT. JOHN G. BROWN of Company D and LT.
COL. C.B. CHRISTIAN of Company I were among "The Immortal
Six Hundred" Confederate officers who were taken from Fort
Delaware prison in August, 1864, by order of U.S. Secretary of
War Stanton; confined in a stockade on Morris Island, S. C., under
fire of their own (Confederate) guns shelling that island; and
subsequently were starved on rations of rotten corn meal and onion
pickle at Fort Pulaski, Georgia, and Hilton Head, S. C., 1864-1865.
Lt. Funkhouser wrote of John G. Brown as "a game officer." Until his death in 1906, was a respected citizen of Warren County, Va., was County Superintendent of the Poor, and a prominent Mason, "zealous in helping to erect the Masonic Hall" at Front Royal.
Charles B. Christian enlisted April 23, 1861, at Amherst, Va., and was elected Captain of the "Amherst Rough and Readies," Co. B, later Co. I of the 49th Reg't. He was promoted to Major Jan. 31, 1863, and to Lt. Colonel Oct. 27th, but had been in command of the 49th Reg't. since Sept. 17, 1862. He was wounded and captured at Bethesda Church, May 30, 1864. See his graphic account of that battle quoted in this history.
7. ABRAHAM UPDIKE was a "fine
soldier and officer'' testified
Funkhouser. He was commissioned 2nd Lieut. in Oct. 1864; was captured in the assault on Fort Stedman, March 25, 1865, and released from Fort Delaware June 16, 1865. He was stabbed to death near his Charlottesville home in 1866 in a quarrel over a tobacco plant bed.
8. DR. WILLIAM WAUGH SMITH, a cousin
of "Extra Billy," was born March 12, 1845, at Warrenton,
Va., the son of Richard M. Smith, who was Principal of Bethel
Academy there. He was educated at the famed Hallowell Academy
at Alexandria, Va., and at the University of Virginia. His father
was a noted educator and editor of the Richmond Enquirer when
the War began. Young William was a reporter of the proceedings
of the Confederate Congress for the paper and was exempt from
military service, being only sixteen, but he volunteered and fought
with the 49th throughout the War. He never went into winter quarters
with the Regiment, having leave to resume his work with the newspaper,
and thus earned the nickname of "Stormy Petrel" because
his return to Company C each spring signified the opening of hostilities.
He was twice wounded, once at Seven Pines when a ball hit his finger just as he was pulling the trigger. The doctors wanted to amputate it, but he refused. The finger was shortened and pained him in cold weather throughout life. At Gettysburg he was shot through the body and left on the field as mortally wounded. General Smith reported him as dead and it was announced in his father's paper. But he had the will to live, was taken to Baltimore as a prisoner by the Yankees, paroled Aug. 23. 1863, exchanged the next day at City Point, Va., and walked into his home as his father was having morning prayers. He went back into the army and got what he thought was his death wound in the Wilderness. A ball hit him in the pit of his stomach and after lying unconscious for a while, he got up and staggered towards the rear. He met his uncle, Major A.G. Smith, who asked him where he was going without his gun. He replied "to the rear", as he had been shot. He put his hand in the rent of his cloths and was surprised to find no blood, but splinters of a brush, comb, and mirror and bits of a diary which he had taken from a dead Federal's body, intending to send it to his family. The force of the bullet had spent itself in going through these, but the blow was sufficient to knock him senseless.
He spent his post-war life as a renowned educator, a founder and director of the noted Randolph-Macon system of academies and colleges. He pioneered in the higher education of Southern women when he established Randolph-Macon Woman's College at Lynchburg, Va.
9. MANDLY TAYLOR WHEATLEY, 1835-1861, was born in Culpeper County, Va., a scion and kinsman of many prominent Virginia families, and a large land owner of Warren and Clarke Counties. His home, known as "Walnut Hill", was in the Rockland area of Warren County, and Katie Boone recalled a visit there when she attended a Baptist Association at Ninevah. "George Williams and I rode horseback (from Front Royal) to the meeting. We were invited to spend the night at Mrs. Wheatley's. There were so many guests that pallets had to be laid on the floor for the gentlemen to sleep on."
It is recorded as a social highlight of local history when,
on Sept. 6, 1859, Mandly Wheatley married Sarah Elizabeth Lovell,
in her home on Chester Street in Front Royal. "She was the
sweetest looking bride, dressed in white, with black trimming
on account of her father's death," recalled Katie Boone.
Mandly Wheatley held the rank of colonel in the Virginia militia when he recruited the "Warren Blues." His death from fever on December 1, 1861, was recorded in the diary of Marcus Buck as "a great public and private calamity. He was an excellent gentleman." Five years later Feb. 5, 1866, the same diary reports that "Dear, good Mrs. Wheatley's house burned down, having caught fire from a spark. She lost nearly everything. God sustain her and bless this affliction to her." She henceforth lived with her widower brother, Judge John T. Lovell, editor and owner of the Warren Sentinel and member of the Virginia Assembly. She took boarders at their Chester Street home and Katie Boone's memoirs tell the following story about her and Captain Ripley, head of the Freedsmen's Bureau at Front Royal after the War. He was "a gentleman and tried not to antagonize the white citizens. The Presbyterian Church needed funds and Mrs Betty Wheatley and I were asked to solicit funds. After much hesitation we decided to call on Captain Ripley. He contributed a five dollar greenback, which was more than all the rest put together. Soon afterwards he called on Mrs. Wheatley and begged her to board him. She hesitated because he was a Yankee, and when she did take him in it created a good deal of comment.
"in going to and fro between Mrs. Wheatley's and his office he had to pass by the home of the Methodist minister, who came from Baltimore. He had two daughters-one very pretty and one very ugly. No one ever saw Captain Ripley stop or go into the house. Yet all the time he was carrying on a courtship with the pretty daughter by correspondence. By and by he had to tell Mrs. Wheatley he was going to be married because he wanted to bring his bride to board there. She insisted on knowing her name and she thought of every young lady except the minister's pretty daughter. They went to Winchester to be married and when they came back Mrs. Wheatley gave them a hearty welcome."
10. THOMAS M. FRISTOE, a 34-year old blacksmith when he enlisted, was killed in action at Seven Pines May 31, 1862. His family never knew what happened to his body until years later his sister, Mrs. Mauck, was talking to a man visiting in her home. When he learned she was Thomas Fristoe's sister, he told her he had been with him when he was shot in the Seven Pines battle, that he fell back in his arms, and he had helped to bury him, and knew where his grave was.
11. Members of Company D buried in Prospect
Hill Cemetery, Front Royal, Va.: 1. Newton L. Bolen 1833-1910.
2. William Compton 1845-1932. 3. John J. Eastham 1830-1875. 4.
Newman M. Garrett 1831-1916. Marcus Mills. 6. John Wm. Rudasill
1831-1918. 7. Philip Rudasillar. 8. John T. Sumption.
JAMERSON DARNELL is buried in the Bonnefield graveyard in Chester Gap, Warren County, Va.
PARKINSON CLAIGG is buried in the Pomeroy graveyard in Harmony Hollow, Warren County, Va.
12. The four Rudacillar men in Company D represented a family long prominent in the Browntown-Limeton area of Warren County, Va., as farmers, merchants, and stock breeders.
GEORGE W. RUDACILLAR, a son of John and Rachel Brown Rudacillar, enlisted for one year at Shepherdstown, Sept. 18, 1862. The company muster of April 30, 1863, reports him sick in camp." He was killed at Gettysburg July 3, 1863.
ISAAC RUDACILLAR, Sr. (1839-1918) was born near Browntown, son of Jacob Rudacillar. He was wounded at Sharpsburg Sept. 17, 1862; captured at Bethesda Church May 30, 1864; and sent to Elmira Prison, N.Y., July 8, 1864, where he was marked for life with a star on his hand. It is significant that his release from Elmira June 19, 1865, was "under General Order No. 109," rather than by oath of allegiance, which he apparently refused to take even though it would have shortened the two months longer he was imprisoned after the armistice. He is buried in the Rudacillar family graveyard at Browntown
JOHN W. RUDACILLAR enlisted in Warren County November 20, 1862, but transferred to the cavalry after battle of Gettysburg.
PHILIP RUDACILLAR was born in Warren County in 1841, the son of Jacob and Amanda Shenk Rudacille. He enlisted in Company D in September 1862. but tranferred to the cavalry, unfortunately, as it turned out. He lost an eye when a Yankee trooper "cornered" him and slashed him with his sabre. After the war he married Fanny Partlow of Rappahannock County and lived at Gravely Springs, where he ran a hog farm. After her death in 1917, he married Mary F. Woodward and farmed at Limeton, Warren County. When he died in 1937, aged 96, he was eulogised as "Warren County's last Confederate Veteran" and is buried in Prospect Hill Cemetery beside his first wife.
13. SIMEON CORDER had not been paid since April 30th when he was wounded and "fell into the enemy's hands" at Fredericksburg December 13, 1862. He was admitted to Ascension U.S. General Hospital, Washington, D.C., Dec. 18, 1862, and "died from gun-shot wound Dec. 24th."
14. WALTON G. WHARTON was promoted to Fourth Sergeant. A Mexican War veteran, he appears in the 1850 Warren County Census as a saddler, 28 years old, and therefore 39 when he enlisted in the "Warren Blues." Lt. Funkhouser recorded that he "fought in the Battle of Sharpsburg Sept. 17, 1862, with a discharge in his pocket, being over 35, the age limit in 1862." The company muster roll of April 30, 1863 shows him "absent sick since Sept. 18, 1862."
15. The four FOX soldiers in Company D represented a large family of yeomen whose farms have been absorbed into the Shenandoah National Park. The only vestiges of their habitation are the family graveyards where at least one of the soldiers, Anthony, was buried on a knoll on the Harmony Hollow side of Gooney Run. He was born in Fauquier County before his parents, Martin and Mary Fox, moved to Warren County. He married Susan Mitchell October 7, 1860, just a year before he enlisted for the War November 1, 1862, in Warren County. He was captured at Gettysburg July 3, 1863; confined at Fort McHenry, Md., July 6; sent to Fort Delaware and then to Point Lookout, Md., for exchange October 27, 1863. His name appears as signature (by his mark) to a Roll of Prisoners of War, an interesting document endorsed: "Received at Boulwares & Cox Wharf, James River, Feb. 20 and 21, 1865, from Lt. Colonel John E. Mulford, U.S. Asst. Agent for Exchange, 3038 paroled Confederate prisoners of war on this roll.-Ro. Ould, Agent of Exchange."
His brother, GEORGE W. FOX, was born in Warren County. He was wounded in the Battle of Seven Pines May 31, 1862, and his leg amputated, but appears to have been kept on the Company D Muster Rolls, being listed as a Third Corporal from July 1861, to Sept., 1864, when he became a First Corporal. He married Amanda V. Boothe of Warren County in 1868, and had three children.
JOHN EDWARD FOX, a native of Warren County, left a wife and three children when he was killed in the Battle of Manassas July 21, 1861. A certificate in the National Archives signed by Lt. Colonel Gibson attests that John Fox had never been paid, and on April 24, 1863, his widow, Ann Susan Santmyers Fox, filed a claim for settlement of money due him. It was almost a year later, March 10, 1864, that she received the $37.83 "found due" as follows: For service from June 17, to July 21, 1861 (one month and 5 days) at $11.00 per month" $12.83, plus six months' commutation for clothing $25.00. We trust her children had not starved meanwhile.
THOMAS L. FOX, son of Thomas and Polly Fox of Warren County, had been married to Mildred E. Turner only six months when he volunteered his services in the "Warren Blues." He appears in Company muster rolls as "sick in camp" Feb. 28, 1862; as wounded in the Battle of Sharpsburg Sept. 17, 1862; as "sick in camp April 30, 1863; and alas! as "deserted and dropped from the Roll" Dec. 31, 1863. He apparently was among the many soldiers who grew discouraged after Gettysburg. His father's neighbor, Marcus Buck, adds insight through his diary, recording "November 27, 1863. 1 have just learned, with great pain, that Mr. Fox has been arrested and imprisoned, probably for aiding his son in escaping to the Yankees. November 29. Sent Jaque up to see Mrs Fox, who is in great distress on account of the arrest of her husband. December 2. 1 have gotten up a petition for Mr. Fox's release ... Poor Thomas Fox! He has been sorely afflicted in this terrible war."
ARCH ALLEN. Muster roll of April 30, 1863, shows him "Absent without leave since Nov. 12, 1862." Other records show him wounded, and as paroled at Winchester, Va. April 29, 1865.
JOHN ALLEN. Muster of April 30, 1863, shows him "absent since Sept. 17, 1862" when he was wounded at Sharpsburg. Other records state that he was captured at Falmouth, Va. and took oath of allegiance to U.S. November 24, 1862. Muster roll of October 31, 1864 says "deserted July 21, 1864 and dropped from Roll."
GIBSON COOK. Enlisted November 1, 1862 in Warren County. Muster of April 30, 1863, shows him "absent without leave since November 12, 1862." He was court martialed and sent to Castle Thunder July 14, 1864. Released from confinement December 1, 1864.
JOHN J. EASTHAM. Enlisted Sept. 24, 1862 near Martinsburg, W. Va. Muster of April 30, 1863, shows him "absent sick since Dec. 1, 1862." Wounded at Gettysburg July 3, 1863; was honorably discharged Sept. 3, 1863, but apparently re-enlisted, as the Dec. 30, 1863 muster reports him "absent sick since Nov. 1st." and Oct. 31, 1864 muster shows him "absent in General Hospital at Harrisonburg, Va." Paroled at Winchester, Va., April 25, 1865. He married Sarah Leary, daughter of Henry Leary, a large landowner of Harmony Hollow section of Warren County, Va.
HORACE G. MANKS. Enlisted Feb. 28, 1863 at Hamilton's Crossing being transferred from Company 1, 12th Va. Cavalry in exchange for D.H. Hoskins "as approved by order of General Lee." He was killed at 2nd Fredericksburg May 3, 1863.
DANIEL F. ROBINSON, a blacksmith of the Fork District of Warren County, was a son of Butler and Ellie Robinson, and had been married to Nancy Vermillion only one year when he volunteered in the "Blues." He apparently served the Confederacy under duress, for the company muster records show him prone to desertion. On Oct. 31, 1861, he "owed the Confederate States $10. for money paid for his apprehension and delivery from desertion Aug. 7, 1861." The muster of April 30, 1863, shows him "absent since March 16, 1862," but he later was rounded up and brought back in one of Lt. Funkhouser's periodic missions. He recalled with pride that he had fought under General D.H. Hill, and was near General "Stonewall" Jackson when he was mortally wounded. He was paroled at Winchester, April 17, 1865.
RICHARD B. STOKES, was born 1842 in Warren County, son of John and Louisa Ridgeway Stokes. Company muster of April 30, 1863, shows him "absent wounded since May 31, 1862" at Seven Pines. He was captured at Gaines Mills May 30, 1864, released from Elmira Prison, N.Y. June 30, 1865, under General Order No. 109, having declined to take oath of allegiance to shorten his imprisonment.
17. SAMUEL PETER ESHELMAN (1827-1887
was 34 years old when he volunteered for service in the "Warren
Blues." Company muster records show him as "absent since
enrollment on extra or daily duty as teamster in Regimental Quarter
Master's Dept. employ." Driving his own four-horse team and
Conestoga wagon from his farm at Limeton, he spent four years
of war transporting supplies, munitions, wounded soldiers, etc.
It is legend that he often took supplies from his own larder,
such as barrels of cookies and other home-baked foods, to supplement
that of the army. After his name on one roster of Company D appears
a single word of peerless praise: "Faithful."
Samuel Eshelman was born in Shenandoah County, a son of Samuel and Mary Ann Rudolph Eshelman. In 1852, he married Elizabeth Catherine Spengler and lived at historic "Spengler Hall" near Limeton in Warren County. It was the home of her father, Joseph S. Spengler, an affluent and prominent citizen, who had five sons, three sons-in-law, and three grandsons in the Confederate Army. Samuel Eshelman was a successful farmer and tailor, and his industrious wife spun the strong flaxen thread used in his work. They and their eight children were active members of the Asbury Methodist Church nearby. He is buried in a private graveyard in Thompson's Hollow.
18. CHARLES E. and JAMES W. MILLS
were sons of Thomas Mills of Rappahannock County, Va. Charles,
only 19 when he signed up in June, 1861, was "confined in
the Guard Tent of the Regiment" on Oct. 31, and had $11.
of his December pay stopped by Court Martial for unexplained reasons.
He was wounded in his right arm at Gettysburg July 3, 1863; was
captured and admitted July 6th to U.S. General Hospital at Frederick,
Md.; sent to Fort Delaware July 9th and transferred Oct. 26th
to Point Lookout, Md., where he was released Feb. 1, 1864, "on
taking the oath of allegiance and joining the United States Army."
JAMES W. MILLS was "detailed to unload freight at Manassas" in January, 1862, and was "absent on detached service guarding company stores at Manassas" in February, 1862.
ALEXANDER MILLS was captured July 17, 1862, and confined first in a military prison at Wheeling, W. Va., then in the notorious Camp Chase, Ohio, prison where he ended the "durance vile" Feb. 5, 1864, by enlisting in the U.S. Navy.
19. DANIEL HENRY HOSKINS was transferred to Provost Marshal duty December 24, 1861. Wounded at Sharpsburg Sept. 17, 1862. Transferred to Company 1, 12th Va. Cavalry, in exchange for Horace Manks "by order of General Lee."
20. The company muster of April 30, 1863 shows JOHN W. RIDENOUR as "absent wounded since Sept. 17, 1862" at Sharpsburg. He was captured near Martinsburg, W. Va., July 14, 1863; sent to Fort Delaware, and after two years there took the oath of allegiance March 11, 1865.
21. JOHN WILLIAM RINKER, was wounded at Sharpsburg Sept. 17, 1862, and again at Bethesda Church May 30, 1864, where he was captured and sent to Lincoln General Hospital, Washington, D. C.; transferred to Elmira Prison December 4, 1864; exchanged March 2, 1865; died of pneumonia in Richmond, Va., April 24, 1865, and buried in Grave No. 38, Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Va. In 1899 his sisters and brothers ((S.R. and M.J. Rinker) placed on his grave a "monument of handsome design" made by G.W. Forsythe of Front Royal, as reported by the Warren Register.
22. ISAAC F. and JOHN B. SANTMYERS, were two of three brothers in the Confederate Army, whose father, Daniel M. Santmyers, joined the Confederate cavalry because he was the only one who owned a horse. Isaac was 21 years old when the company muster of Feb. 28, 1862, shows him present but "due C.S. $5.00 by order of Court Martial January 18, 1862 (charge absent without leave)." However, he was "absent on Guard duty" at April 30 muster, and present on June 30th. He was wounded at Gettysburg July 3, 1863; and was captured two days later at Waterloo, sent to Fort Delaware and thence to Point Lookout, Md. Oct. 26th. There he was exchanged Feb. 18, 1865 and appears on a Feb. 24th "Muster Roll of a detachment of paroled and exchanged prisoners at Camp Lee," near Richmond and on Feb. 27th was admitted to General Hospital No. 9 for 30 days. There, we are glad to note, he received the pay due him since April 30, 1863.
JOHN B. SANTMYERS, joined Company D when only 18 years old. A Regimental return of Feb. 1862, shows him "detailed as carpenter at Q. M's. Jan. 30th." He was wounded at Sharpsburg Sept. 17, 1862, and again at Bethesda Church, Va., May 30, 1864, when he was sent to Winder Hospital at Richmond. He appears on a Register of Payments for Jan.-Feb. 1864 as receiving $22. pay. He survived the war, married Barbara Andrews, a widow, in 1880, and lived at Paxton, Fauquier County, Va.
23. MORGAN SNAPP. Company muster of April 30, 1863, shows him "On extra or daily duty as teamster since Aug. 1, 1862, in Regimental Quartermaster employ." He was wounded in the Wilderness May 6, 1864, and again Sept. 10, 1864; captured at Winchester, Va., Sept. 19, 1864; paroled from Point Lookout, Md., June 19, 1865.
24. LEWIS SEALOCK died August 25, 1861, due to a leg broken August 2nd in procuring water from cans in which the Government supplied it to the troops at Manassas.
25. JAMES WILLIAM STOKES (1839-1891)
was born in Warren County, Va., a son of Isaac and Mary E. Kidwell
Stokes, and scion of an old and honorable family which furnished
seven soldiers to the Confederate Army, three of them in the "Warren
Blues." James enlisted for one year near Martinsburg, W.
Va., September 24, 1862, just in time to get wounded at Fredericksburg
December 13, 1862. He was treated for a "flesh wound of left
hand" at General Hospital No. 8 (St. Charles Hospital), Richmond,
Va., Dec. 15, 1862.
He was back with his Company, signed up for the duration and in the thick of it when wounded in his thigh May 30, 1864, and admitted to the famous Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond. Six days later he was given a 30-day furlough, which we wager he spent at home with his young wife, Elizabeth Loveless Stokes, whom he had married Feb. 12, 1861. He was a prominent citizen and political leader of the Fork District of Warren County, conducted the first grocery store in the Bennett's Chapel area, and from 1860 until his death served as Postmaster of a post office there named the Sentinel. His descendants have memorialized him in the Warren Rifles Confederate Museum at Front Royal.
26. JOHN T. SUMPTION. Wounded and lost an arm at Seven Pines May 31, 1862. Captured at Front Royal, Va., November 7, 1863; sent to Camp Chase, Ohio, Nov. 13th; transferred to Fort Delaware Feb. 29, 1864; exchanged Sept. 18, 1864. Marcus Buck, who lived a few miles south of Front Royal, reports in his diary Oct. 17, 1864 that "a large scouting party of 2nd Virginia Cavalry (U.S.) went through my place and when near Mr. Fox'es they arrested John Sumption who had just been paroled from Fort Delaware."
27. GEORGE H. VAUGHT was admitted Dec. 19, 1861, to General Hospital No. 1, Danville, Va., with typhoid fever; was absent on guard duty in April, 1862; wounded at Seven Pines May 31, 1862. The company muster of Dec. 31, 1863, shows him "in arrest at Corps Headquarters since 10 December." He died of a disease in a Richmond hospital Jan. 29, 1864, leaving "sundry effects" including .25 cents in currency.
28. WILLIAM M. VINCENT, Wounded and captured at Fredericksburg Dec. 13, 1862; paroled Dec. 17th for exchange. Wounded in head and captured at Gettysburg July 3, 1863; sent to De Camp General Hospital, Davids Island, N.Y. Paroled Aug. 28, 1863, and sent to General Hospital, Richmond, Va. Was killed in the Wilderness campaign.
29. The "Page Courier" of July 21, 1910, announced in front-page headlines that REV. JAMES WILLIAM WALTER, "Ever Found on the Firing Line, Whether on the Battlefield or from the Pulpit," had answered the last roll call on July 12th. Born in Luray, Va., in 1842, James Walter was only 19 years old when he served the first year of the War in the 7th Reg't. of Virginia Cavalry. At Bunker Hill, W. Va. on Oct. 20, 1862, he transferred to the "Warren Blues," was promoted to First Sergeant, and later became Adjutant of the 49th Regiment. He was wounded at Winchester September 19, 1864. After the War he dedicated his fine mind and liberal education to the ministry, serving churches in Page, Warren and Shenandoah Counties for 25 years. In 1868 he married Mollie Newman, a graduate of the Wesleyan Institute of Staunton, Va. He was buried in his grey Uniform. Whereas his records as a zealous soldier of the cross are graven in Heaven, his name and military record as a soldier of the Confederacy have been perpetuated on a bronze plaque placed in the Confederate Museum at Front Royal, Va., by descendants of his eight children.
30. FRANCIS HARVEY BOLEN, son of Henry Fielding Bolen, was born Feb. 12,1840, on what was later known as the McClure farm in the Harmony Hollow section of Warren County, Va. He appears on Company D muster roll of Aug. 30, 1861 as "absent sick in Front Royal Hospital by order of Medical Director;" on the Dec. 31, 1861 Muster as 3rd Serg't., "sick in camp;" and on Dec. 31, 1863 Muster as "absent wounded since May 4, 1863. Last paid by Capt. Baughn to Oct. 31, 1863." Appears on a "List of killed, wounded, and missing in Smith's Brigade in the Battles around Fredericksburg May 3 to 5, 1863," and on a "Register of Chimborazo Hospital No. 1, Richmond, as admitted July 1, 1863, "disease: Vul Sclopet;" furloughed July 8 for 40 days." On July 1st he signed by an "X" a "Receipt Roll for clothing at General Hospital No. 11, Richmond." On June 26, 1864, he was admitted to C.S. General Hospital at Charlottesville, with "Old V.S. right leg." He was absent at the Oct. 31, 1864 Muster, being a "Prisoner captured October 24, 1864; last paid April 30 by Capt. Baughn." Appears on a "Roll of Prisoners of War at Harpers Ferry sent to Point Lookout Oct. 23, 1864" as "captured at Cedar Creek Oct. 19, 1864;" also on a "Roll of Sick Prisoners of War at Point Lookout released June 2, 1865 on taking Oath."
Mr. Bolen recalled a time when the Company was camping along a stream and were stewing chickens in an open kettle. One crafty soldier caught a frog and threw it into the kettle to play a trick on a comrade who was craving the gizzards. When the tricker served the frog to the hungry one, he ate it, exclaiming, "This is sure a tough old giz!" Immediately after the Battle of Cedar Creek, Bolen had just filled his canteen when he was captured. He liked to tell about the time the Company was marching through the Shenandoah Valley woodlands with General Early, when a scared rabbit jumped out before them and "Old Jube" called after it, "Go to it, Mollie Cottontail! If I didn't have a reputation to sustain, I'd run with you."
Frank Bolen had two brothers in the Confederate Army (see
Note 31 ) who got home one day ahead of him. Their father walked
out into the yard the next morning, wishing "If I could only
see Harvey coming now, my happiness would be complete." Just
that moment Harvey actually came in view.
On March 5, 1867, F.H. Bolen married Eliza Mariah Leary, daughter of Wm. Leary of Warren County, and they lived together happily for fifty years when their golden anniversary was saddened by the wife's death one day before. They had four daughters and six sons: Mary B. Steed, Annie Elmira Steed, Ella Virginia Steed (three daughters married Steeds), Pearl Bolen, Henry F., Charles Clayton, Edwin F., William B., Jesse N., and Louis.
In 1902, F.H. Bolen, then a 60-year-old farmer of the Fork District of Warren County, was granted a $15.00 annual pension by the State of Va. for partial disability resulting from "a wound made by a shell through his right leg in an engagement May 4, 1863, near Fredericksburg." The "precise nature" of his disability was stated as "weakness, stiffness of ankle, pain and all the natural infirmities of increasing age." In 1911 he was reclassified as totally disabled due to rheumatism and difficulty in walking, and his annual pension increased to $32.40 a year. He owned property assessed at $375. for tax purpose. A Warren Sentinel of 1929 reported: "Squire Frank H. Bolen, Confederate veteran and life-long resident of Warren County, died at his home on College Heights Tuesday noon, aged 89 years." He and his wife are buried in the Bennett's Chapel Cemetery, Warren County, Va.
31. NEWTON L. BOLEN. Wounded at Fredericksburg Dec. 13, 1862. Captured at Winchester Sept. 19, 1864, sent to Camp Chase, Ohio; transferred to City Point, Va., March 2, 1865, as an exchanged prisoner. Paroled at Winchester April 28, 1865. (See Note 30)
32. JOHN T. CLAIGG. Captured at Seven Pines May 31, 1862; sent to Fort Delaware June 2nd, and exchanged at Aiken's Landing Aug. 5th. Company muster of April 30, 1863 shows him still on roll, but he later was killed. Age 19.
33. WILLIAM MASON COLTER. Captured
at Fredericksburg Dec. 13, 1862. Paroled from Old Capitol Prison,
Washington, D.C. March 29, 1863. One record says he was killed
34. JESSE T. FUNK. Enlisted "for the war" March 25, 1862 at Rapidan Station (Clarke's Mountain). Detailed as Teamster Sept. 1, 1863. Wounded in the Wilderness campaign and transferred to Company D, 23rd Va. Cavalry. He was Superintendent of the Warren County (Va.) Parish Farm for many years, and generally revered as "Uncle Jesse," remained an "unreconstructed Rebel" until his death in 1916 at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Carpenter, at White Post. He is buried in the Delinger graveyard at Waterlick, Va., near his old home. Survived by eight children.
35. THEOPHELUS H. GARMONG. Promoted to Second Serg't. Feb. 1, 1862. Captured at Fredericksburg Dec. 13, 1862. Paroled for exchange Dec. 1 7th, aged 22 years. Wounded in left shoulder and captured at Spotsylvania C. H. May 12, 1864. Died from wound May 22nd at Harwood General Hospital, Washington, D. C. Captain Funkhouser recorded that "Serg't. Garmong was raised humbly in the Pine Hills about 3 miles below Middletown in Warren County; was a young man of high moral character and an elegant soldier who loved to do his duty to the best of his ability. I had great respect for him and alas! he laid down his honest and I think religious life at Spotsylvania."
36.. NEWMAN M. GARRETT was often absent from muster due to sickness from June 1861 to April 1863. Was wounded at Seven Pines and at Fredericksburg May 4, 1863. Paroled April 26, 1865 at Winchester, Va., aged 34. Born August 10, 1831: Died December 3l, 1916.
37. DEWITT C. GORE. Wounded Sept. 17, 1862, at Sharpsburg and again at Fredericksburg, May 4, 1863. Was teamster in Medical Dept. in 1864. Captured at Amelia Court House April 5, 1865. Released from Point Lookout, Md. June 12, 1865. The Confederate pension records show that in 1902 the State of Va. awarded an annual pension of $15.00 to D.C. Gore of Browntown, Warren County, Va., a 63-year-old farm laborer all his life, but then partially disabled due to a wound received at the battle of Fredericksburg, May 4, 1863 when "a piece of shell went through his back, injuring his spine." The pension was raised to $36.00 in 1909 when he was totally disabled by rheumatism and kidney trouble, and possessed no taxable property.
38. JOHN J. HENRY, Detailed on extra or daily duty as a teamster in Regimental Quartermaster employ from Aug. 1, 1862. Wounded October 1864. Paroled at Winchester April 22, 1865.
39. JOHN 1. JOHNSON. Wounded at Gettysburg July 3, 1863, and captured July 5th, sent to Fort Delaware prison; paroled from Point Lookout, Md., Feb. 24, 1865. Admitted to Richmond hospital March 1, 1865.
40. GEORGE W. MARTIN. Promoted to Second Corporal. Funkhouser noted that George Martin was "the only man out of 17 who came out safe at Cold Harbor June 3, 1864." Was dropped from company roll as a deserter Oct. 31, 1864.
41. WILLIAM A. MCFARLAND. Promoted to Corporal. Wounded at Seven Pines May 31, 1862, and at Sharpsburg Sept. 17, 1862. Captured at Gaines Mills May 30, 1864; sent to Elmira Prison, N.Y. July 8, 1864; exchanged March 14, 1865. Paroled at Winchester April 22, 1865.
42. Four of the five MILLS soldiers of Company D were among the original volunteers of June 17, 1861. The exception, HENRY HARRISON MILLS, enlisted March 8, 1863, at Hamilton's Crossing, Va., transferring from the 146th Reg't Va. Militia. He was captured at Strasburg, Va., Sept. 23, 1864, after the Battle of Fishers Hill. Imprisoned first at Point Lookout, Md., he was moved to Aiken's Landing, Va., for exchange March 9, 1865, and ten days later was received by the Confederate agent of exchange at Boulware's Wharf, Va. He was paroled at Winchester June 4, 1865.
HENRY MILLS was born in Warren County in 1840, son of Alexander and Matilda Garrett Mills. Being twice married, first to Sarah Frances Willis and, after her death, to Rebecca Shipe, he had thirteen children. He lived, died, and lies buried in "The Cove," a tranquil ravine in the Blue Ridge foothills south of Front Royal. He was a familiar figure as an elderly gentleman with flowing white beard riding to town in his carriage.
MARCUS WILLIAM MILLS (1838-1910) older brother of Henry H. Mills, apparently gave his superiors a hard time during the winter encampment at Manassas, as muster records of Dec. 31, 1861, show a "stoppage of $5.50 of his pay by sentence of a Regimental Court Martial", and Feb. 28, 1862, he was "sick in camp" but "owed the Confederate States $3.00 by order of Court Martial Jan. 1862." But two years of army life had him pretty well regimented by November, 1864, when he was given "a furlough of convenience" during which he was allowed his pay of $18.00. His parole, signed by his mark at Winchester, April 26, 1865, describes him as 28 years old; 5 feet, 8 inches tall; with black hair and brown eyes. He married Catherine Jones and left descendants.
43. ELIJAH N. CAVE was captured near Front Royal, Va. January 14, 1863 by the 126th Ohio Volunteer Inf. Local diaries recorded the event. Marcus Buck reported: "Federal forces entered Front Royal ... A good many soldiers found in town ... and taken prisoners. Houses searched ... mine by a detachment of the 122nd Ohio Vols. at night from basement to garret." Dr. Eckardt wrote: "IN the afternoon came, very unexpected, a Yankee force of 400 men, Infantry (Ohio) and some 40 New York cavalry, from Winchester, took possession of the town... and plundered it .... returned to Winchester with a few prisoners, some horses, and all the corn, stock and other things they had stolen." Mr Cave was sent to Wheeling, W. Va., prison; thence to Camp Chase, Ohio, and exchanged March 28, 1863, only to be killed in the breastworks at Spotsylvania.
44. When Governor Smith died in 1887, The True Index, a Warrenton paper, reported that 18 surviving members of Company C held a memorial meeting at the Lion House, with J.A. Pilcher as Chairman and W.B. Tompkins as Secretary. "It is worthy of remark that 15 out of 18 veterans present bore honorable scars of battle upon their bodies and all speak from personal knowledge. We append the stirring address of their orator, T.H. Robinson, and the resolutions they adopted."
In his tribute to their old Commander, Mr. Robinson observed that "he has gone, not as the world goeth, but as the noble, the true, and the brave go. To follow him through his political and military life would be to repeat the history of Virginia for half a century.... When the war clouds burst over his native State-well do you remember how his hoary locks amid the storm and smoke of battle marked the spot where deadliest conflict raged, and that, like a Ney with uniform riddled by bullets, he often beat back the tide of battle.... We have lost a dear friend whom we delighted to honor; our country a valued, useful, and most distinguished citizen; our State one of her most eminent leaders, brightest orators, and truest defenders. Grand old hero! Cherished will be his memory, his example, his fame."
45. JOSEPH MASON ANDERSON enlisted in Company A (later E) at Flint Hill, Va., June 16, 1861 as 3rd Corporal; promoted to 2nd Corporal Sept. 1861; re-enlisted April 30, 1862, at Yorktown as First Lieut. and promoted to Captain November 27, 1864. He was twice wounded, twice captured, and twice exchanged, surviving only to die of a shell wound in his right shoulder April 10, 1865-the day after Lee's surrender at Appomattox. He was at home in Rappahannock County recovering from his first wound at Seven Pines May 31, 1862, when he coughed up the bullet that had downed him. He returned to his company and was captured at Mechanicsville May 30, 1864, and sent to Fort Delaware. Learning that the prisoner most likely to be exchanged was one unfit for further service to the Confederacy, he tied a cord around his leg, causing such a swelling and discoloration that he was exchanged Oct. 11, 1864. He rejoined his company at Petersburg and was promoted to Captain. Serving under General Gordon at Hare's Hill, he was mortally wounded April 4, 1865 and died in a Richmond hospital April 10. (For special mention of him see Battles of Bethesda Church and Fort Stedman). He is buried in the Anderson family graveyard near Amissville, Va., with his brother, Peyton Anderson, who fought with Mosby's Rangers. Both of these brave soldiers have been memorialized in the Confederate Museum at Front Royal, Va.
46. WINTERTON DIONYSUS POE ((1840-1896) and JOHN LEWIS POE, sons of John Madison Poe, were born near Amissville, Rappahannock County, Va. Both enlisted in Company E (formerly Co. A) June 16, 1861. Winterton D. Poe, better known as "Billy," was not of army age when the War began, but he volunteered with his brother. Family tradition says he received a severe scalp wound in the first Battle of Manassas and crawled off into a group of trees, where he lay for one day and night before found and given medical care. However, it is possible this occurred at Gettysburg instead, as National Archives records state he was wounded there July 3rd, captured July 5th, and imprisoned at Fort Delaware until exchanged from Point Lookout, Md. Oct. 31, 1864. They record, also, that he had been wounded at Seven Pines May 31, 1862, and at Sharpsburg Sept. 17, 1862. To while away the desolate tedium of 16 months as a prisoner of war, Billy Poe had carved an intricate watch chain out of bone linked by pins and a fob in the shape of a miniature Bible, an heirloom treasured by his descendants. He developed haemophilia while in prison and suffered from it the rest of his life. He grew a beard to avoid the danger of shaving, endured painful toothache because they could not be pulled, and hemorrhaged to death when a colt threw him and burst a blood vessel in his throat.
After the war he eloped with 14-year-old Virginia Beaty and they lived happily ever after on a farm near Browntown in Warren County, but lie separated in death. He was buried in the Beaty-Bolen family graveyard in Harmony Hollow, Warren County, and is surely one of the few folks with two tombstones. When his wife was interred years later in Prospect Hill Cemetery in Front Royal, their children saw fit to place a second stone for him beside of hers.
JOHN LEWIS POE appears on a clothing Receipt May 11, 1863.
47. BURL M. LATOURAUDAIS never married and left no descendants, but the deeds to two farms and his will probated in 1914 perpetuate his incredible name in the court annals of Rappahannock County, Va. He joined Company E July 17, 1861, and is reported on detached service at a Richmond hospital in the only extant Archives Records. He is buried on his home farm between Flint Hill and Ben Venue, Va.
48. GEORGE HARVEY PRIEST (1840-1925) was born near Amissville, Va., a son of Peter Priest and Susan E, Turley Priest. He enlisted in Company E (formerly Co. A) June 16, 1861; was promoted to Corporal; and was shot through the face at Seven Pines May 31, 1862. His grandchildren recall his story of the time the army was so long without food that he and his fellow soldiers parched corn from the horse feed and ate it. He married Ruth Lawrence in 1869 and prospered as a farmer, rearing three daughters, Nora, Susan and Julia, and four sons, Evans, Jackson, Hildrup, and William. His home being on the borderline of Rappahannock and Culpeper Counties, he ate in one County and slept in another. He and his family were active members of the venerable Battle Run Primitive Baptist Church in Rappahannock County, and are buried in the Priest family graveyard near Amissville.
49. CHARLES SAMUEL WALTER (1829-1913)
was born at Linden, Va., the son of John T. and Laura Haines Walter.
He joined the Confederate Army in April, 1861, serving in Company
1, 49th Va. Reg't., until he was wounded and captured at Seven
Pines in May, 1862. Three months later (Aug. 5) he was exchanged
at Aikin's Landing in the belief that he would no longer be of
military use to the South, but he returned to his company. No
further records are available of his service or discharge.
He had married Miss Amiss of Rappahannock County and had a family when he joined the army at the age of 32. His wife died, leaving seven children and in 1876 he married Sarah E. Gaines of Gaines Crossroads, by whom he had four more children. He lived for a while near Culpeper, then at Huntly in Rappahannock Co., where he was a stock dealer and operated a store with his son. He and his wife died eight days apart in 1913 and are buried in Prospect Hill Cemetery, Front Royal, Va.
50. Captain Funkhouser notes that the four
Gibson men in this company "were all brothers and game!"
JONATHAN CATLETT GIBSON was commissioned Captain of Company K at Sperryville, Va., June 8, 1861; appointed Lt. Colonel May 1, 1862, and Colonel January 31, 1863 of the 49th Regiment. He was wounded eleven times, in Battles of Seven Pines, Seven Days, 2nd Manassas, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, and so severely at Bethesda Church as to be disabled for the War (See Battle of Bethesda Church). Reported sick at Charity Hospital, Gordonsville, Va., Dec. 31,1864. Colonel Gibson was born in Culpeper County, 1835; attended University of Virginia; practiced law in New York City and Culpeper, Va., after the War; was U.S. Attorney. He married Mary George Shackelford and it was in his home, known as "Shackelford House" because it was her family homestead, that John Pelham died. He was active in post-bellum politics and a distinguished Democratic member of the Underwood Constitutional Convention of Va. He was totally blind in his last years. John S. Robson in his 1876 History of the 52nd Virginia Regiment records that "Col. J.C. Gibson, now a prominent lawyer in Culpeper, bears on his person the marks and scars of wounds, some of the most serious character, to a number almost incredible to believe that one person could receive so many-and still be as active as the Colonel is." He died in Culpeper January 29, 1907
EUSTACE GIBSON rose from Sergeant to Captain of Company K and to Quartermaster of the 49th Regiment. After the War he was a Democratic Congressman from West Virginia. Born in Culpeper County, Va., October 4, 1842; attended the common schools and studied law. Elected as a Democrat to the 48th and 49th Congress. Died in Clifton Forge, Va., Dec. 10, 1900; interment in Spring Hill Cemetery, Huntington, W. Va.
EDWIN GIBSON enlisted June 18, 1861, as 1st Sergeant of Company K; promoted 2nd Lieut. November 18, 1861; elected 1st. Lieut. April 3, 1862. Relieved by Special Order 190 on August 12, 1864. Died April 29, 1912.
JOHN S. GIBSON. Transferred to Company K December 6, 1861
as a private; elected 2nd Corporal April 3, 1862; appointed Ordnance
Sergeant November 8, 1862. Wounded and captured at Cedar Creek.
Admitted to West Buildings, General Hospital, Baltimore, Md.,
October 24, 1864; sent to Fort McHenry for exchange. Age 28.
51. CHARLES HENRY SUTPHIN was born October 31, 1838, in Rappahannock County, Va. He was wounded at Seven Pines and so disabled as to require a cane throughout life. He was detailed on special duty with the enrolling officer in Rappahannock County. His wife, Nee Margaret Sims, died in 1904, and he spent his last years with his son J.W. Sutphin, at Waterlick, where he was a devout member and steward of the Methodist Church. He died of pneumonia January 27, 1910, in Strasburg, Va., hospital, and is buried with his wife in the Buck family cemetery at Waterlick.
52. REUBEN and WILLIAM H. DODSON first served in the "Washington Greys," Company B. of the 7th Virginia Inf., as shown by the well-preserved ledger of its Captain, Thomas B. Massie, now owned by Mrs. Roberta Massie Spalding of Flint Hill, Va. Captain Massie records the financial account of each soldier and appraises each one's performance in the First Battle of Manassas and during the early months of the War that he commanded them. Apparently each soldier was paid first by the State of Virginia $47.00., then upon the Company being mustered into the Confederate Army at Manassas, they were paid by the Confederate Government $22.00 for July and August.
REUBEN DODSON was credited with $47. cash from the Paymaster. He deposited $21. for clothing, was issued a shirt, cap, pants,, and a blanket; paid $2.00 fare to Manassas Junction, .50 cents for dinner at Culpeper, and .16 cents for 2 plugs of tobacco.
WILLIAM H. DODSON was credited with $47., charged $21. for clothing, and acclaimed as "a good and obedient soldier who died October 9, 1861 at Hospital, Culpeper C. H."
53. JAMES G. WOODARD enlisted in July, 1861, and like the Dodsons (see Note 52), he was first In Company 6, 7th Va. Inf. Captain Massie records that he was paid $22. for July and August; was issued a blanket, shirt, shoes, cap, overcoat, jacket, and pants; was charged with $1.50 when he was "going to Hospital" and $3.55 paid to the sutler for him; and was praised as "one of the best in the army. Cheerful, obedient." He appears on the 49th Regimental Returns as "absent sick" Feb. 1862. Was severely wounded in the leg at Hatchers Run, Feb. 6th and 7th, 1865. After the Company left the 7th Va infantry in Aug. 1861, they were assigned to the 49th Va. as Company K.
54. BENJ. W. BROWN was wounded at Seven Pines and used a crutch the rest of his life. He married Henrietta Abigail Pomeroy and lived in Harmony Hollow, Warren County, where he is buried in the Bolen graveyard, his death due to a fall from a cherry tree. He was the last of his line in Virginia, his only child having died young and his parents moving West.
55. CHARLES HENRY LOVE (1840-1927), was born in Dumfries, Prince William County, Va. He was severely wounded at Seven Pines and at Cold Harbor, and was in the hospital in Richmond when captured April 3, 1865, but is listed as escaping from the hospital May 1st. He married Ellen Marie Coakley in 1867 and lived on a farm near Fredericksburg until moving to Washington, D. C. in 1911. In their home at 1210 Euclid Avenue they celebrated their 59th wedding anniversary, feted by friends and their family of 9 children, 17 grandchildren, and 5 great-grandchildren. Although 85 years old and blind, Mr. Love danced a jig for the occasion, and declared himself emphatically in favor of enforcing prohibition by turning the job over to the soldiers. He died in the Silver Spring Sanatorium after a long illness and is buried with his wife in Bethel Cemetery, Alexandria, Va.
56. CALEB SMITH ( a nephew of Gen. "Extra
Billy" Smith) was born at Petersburg December 14, 1824. Went
to West Point and served as a Lieutenant in the U.S. Artillery
from 1851 until the war started, when he was commissioned a major
in the 49th Va. Regt. He was so severely wounded in the hip that
he was unable to serve as a line officer in the 49th. Later he
became a Captain commanding paroled and exchanged prisoners. He
died in Richmond, Va. December 22, 1874.
57. BLUCHER W. HOOE enlisted in Company A, July 12, 1861. Detailed as Hospital Steward October 1861. Clothing roll April, 1864. Killed at Hatcher's Run, Feb. 1865.
ROBERT H. HOOE was a 3rd Corporal. Appointed Quartermaster Sergeant March 19, 1862. Furloughed from hospital July 20, 1864 after losing arm at Cold Harbor.
58. WILLIAM B. TOMPKINS enlisted in Company C as a Corporal May 28, 1861; appointed 5th Sergeant May, 1862, and Sergeant Major of the 49th Regiment July, 1863. Paroled at Ashland, Va. April 29, 1865. Died at Cassanova, Va., November 11, 1911.
59. RICHARD I. REID enlisted as 2nd Sergeant
July 1, 1861; elected 3rd Lieut. Feb. 11, 1862, and 2nd Lieut.
April 30, 1862. Was wounded at Fredericksburg Dec. 13, 1862; captured
at Bethesda Church and released from Fort Delaware June 16, 1865.
For special mention of him see Battle of Bethesda Church.
60. THOMAS S. BELL enlisted in Prince William County October 1, 1861; promoted from 1st Lieut. of Company A to Adjutant of the 49th Reg't. August 13, 1862. On May 22, 1864 he was transferred from Camp Winder General Hospital, Richmond, to the Governor's Mansion for special treatment by order of his former commander, Governor Smith. He recovered and was captured at Cedar Creek and released from Fort Delaware May 11, 1865.
61. EUGENE FLIPPIN. For special mention of him see Battle of Bethesda Church, where he was severely wounded and captured. His right leg was amputated in U.S. Field Hospital, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, June 5, 1864, and he was sent to Lincoln U.S. General Hospital, Washington, D.C., paroled and sent to Richmond Hospital from Elmira Prison, March 14, 1865.
62. JAMES H. WALKER was a blacksmith, a neighbor of Robert Funkhouser who esteemed him as a special friend. He was severely wounded in the hand at First Manassas, losing several fingers, and disabled for further duty. Died about 1872.
63. CAPT. EDWIN SMITH (1827-1869) was one of twelve brothers who averaged over 6 feet tall, and six of them were Confederate soldiers. His father, Col. Wm. Rowley Smith, commanded a cavalry company in the War of 1812, was presiding Justice of the Peace of Fauquier County, Va., and served in the Virginia Assembly for three terms.
64. JOSEPH C. CABELL, JR., was born in 1837 in Nelson County, Va., at Union Hill, his ancestral homestead which was fitly compared to Mount Vernon. He was the son of Mayo Cabell and Mary C. Daniel, a daughter of Judge William Daniel of Lynchburg. He was educated at the University of Virginia, where he was the President of the Washington Society. He was practicing law and farming when the War began, but promptly took an active part in recruiting the "New Market Volunteers," was elected 2nd Lieutenant upon its organization, and promoted to First Lieut. April 30, 1862. A fellow soldier wrote of him: "Reared as a gentleman and accustomed to all the luxuries of life, he never complained of the scarcity or hardness of fare...the fatigues of the march or the perils of battle .... When the spirit of the army was much depressed, his voice was heard in stern resolve and patriotic encouragement.... In the battle of Seven Pines ... he was severely wounded in his arm and breast; was taken to a Richmond hospital and as soon as his wounds permitted, allowed to return home to recuperate. In October, 1862, he rejoined his regiment; was not in the Battle of Fredericksburg, having been appointed Judge Advocate of a special court-martial, but later rejoined his company and participated in all campaigns until hospitalized by violent diarrhea. He died in Hospital No. 4, Richmond, Nov. 11, 1863, and was buried in his ancestral graveyard at Union Hill." (The University Memorial pps. 529-32.)
65. WILLIAM B. FORD, son of Allison Ford, was born near Front Royal, Va., March 11, 1845, and at the age of 16 joined Company E, 49th Reg't. in which he served until wounded at Sharpsburg. After his recovery, he was transferred to White's Battalion; was among the faithful paroled at Appomattox. Returned to civilian life in Warren County, Va., where he died March 20, 1925.
66. JAMES POWELL GARLAND was appointed Chaplain of the 49th Reg't. January 3, 1863; resigned November 24, 1864, with a surgeon's certificate of disability. He signed a list of casualties of the 49th in the Wilderness and Spotsylvania battles published in the Richmond Sentinel June 3, 1864. He was an active member of the Chaplain's Association of the 2nd and 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Va., and at the May 12, 1863, meeting was one of a committee of three appointed "to draw up resolutions expressive of the feelings of the chaplains" on the sad occasion of the death of General Jackson. He also served as Chaplain of the 52nd Va. Inf. Died January 13, 1906.
67. JONATHAN BRANSON LEHEW served first in Company D, 49th Reg't. He had rheumatism prior to the War and it was so aggravated by military life that he was out of service for a while, then joined the 39th Battn. Va. Cavalry, in which he served as a Sergeant until the end of the War.
68. COLONEL EDWARD WILLIS, son of Dr. Francis T. Willis of Richmond, was a brilliant young officer of great promise and distinguished service, a West Point graduate. He had been named a brig. general, but was killed at Bethesda Church before his commission reached him.
69. JAMES BARBOUR TERRILL was born in Bath
County, Va., in 1838, graduated from VMI in 1858, studied law
and was practicing in Warm Springs at the outbreak of War. He
was elected major of the 13th Va. Inf. in May, 1861, and commanded
it with great skill and courage, succeeding James A. Walker and
A.P. Hill as colonel of a regiment that had no superiority in
the Confederate Army. He was promoted to colonel May 15, 1863,
brigadier general May 31, 1864, the commission not received until the day after his death at Bethesda Church. He was buried by the enemy near the spot where he fell.
70. GEORGE BOONE MOFFETT, Surgeon. Born 1820. Graduate of University of Pennsylvania. Also served as Surgeon of the 37th North Carolina Reg't. and the Courtney Artillery (Virginia).
71. WILLIAM JORDAN LUCK, Surgeon. Born
April 23, 1836. Attended University of Virginia and Richmond Medical
College. First served in Company H, 1st. Va. Cavalry as enlisted
man; appointed surgeon of 49th Va. Inf. and later was surgeon
in the 4th N.C. Cavalry.
72. WILLIAM E. LIPSCOMB., enlisted as private in Company A (formerly Co. F) in the 49th Va. Commission 2nd Lieut. Sept. 19, 1861. Resigned Feb. 10, 1862 to serve as Clerk of PrinceWilliam County. In 1863 as a private in Company H, 15th Virginia Cavalry. Captured in 1864 and sent to Fort Delaware until the close of the War. After the war he served two terms as Mayor of Manassas.
He was born in Brentsville, Va., in 1833. Married Henrietta Holland in 1859 and born to them were three sons and two daughters. Died at his home in Manassas, May, 1911.
73. JAMES LAWRENCE COLE. Enlisted as 2nd Corporal in Company A (formerly F); appointed Serg't. October 15, 1861; later 2nd Sergeant. Detailed as gunsmith Early's Brigade December 1862; wounded at Bethesda Church; medical discharge November 1864; paroled at Fairfax C.H., Va., May 4, 1865.
74. GEORGE W. GRAYSON. Enlisted May 28, 1861; wounded at Seven Pines; detailed as Sergeant in charge of Brigade ambulance train May 16, 1863. Paroled at Appomattox.
75. WILLIAM H. LOVELACE. Promoted to Corporal April 30, 1864; to 5th Serg't. Sept. 1, 1864. Captured at Seven Pines; exchanged August 5, 1862; captured in assault on Fort Stedman; paroled from Point Lookout June 28, 1865.
76. ROBERT LYNN. Wounded at Gettysburg
and at Spotsylvania; promoted to 4th Serg't. Sept. 1, 1864. Wounded
and captured at Cedar Creek; exchanged from Baltimore General
Hospital Feb. 1865.
77. WILLIAM L. ELL I COTT. Appointed 3rd CorporaI April 18, 1862; badly wounded at Seven Pines; medical discharge November 1862. Captured and committed to Central Guard House, Washington D.C., April 27, 1863, and charged with disloyalty. Paroled May 13, 1865 at Fairfax C.H., Va. Was born in New Jersey.
78. CHARLES DUNNING WHEAT, First Corporal. Severely wounded at Seven Pines and captured while convalescing at home. Medical discharge October 14, 1862. Moved to California in 1866.
79. CAPTAIN EDWARD MURRAY. Born in Maryland
August 12, 1819; graduated from U.S. Military Academy in 1841;
served as Lieut., then Captain in U.S. Army 1841-1855. Farmed
in Fauquier County 1855-1861. Promoted to Lt. Colonel July 19,
1861 in the 49th Va. Inf. Was not re-elected in re-organization
April 30, 1862; transferred to General R.E. Lee's staff as A.A.G.
1862-1864. Died July 3, 1874, at West River and is buried in Anne
Arundel County, Md.
80. FREDERICK WAUGH SMITH (1843-1928), the youngest son of Governor William Smith and Elizabeth H. Bell, his wife, was born January 19, 1843, at his family homestead in Warrenton, Va. At the outbreak of war Frederick was studying law and was a military cadet in the North. On his return he joined his father's regiment as Sergeant Major of the 49th Va. Infantry. He was wounded in the battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 13, 1862, and his name still appeared on the regiment's roster of May 1863. He served on his father's staff as an aide, with the rank of lieutenant; later was made captain, served on the staff of General McCausland, and near the close of the War with Mosby's command.
After the War he moved to Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; and on May 16, 1900 he married Emily Nee Adshode in Woodstock, a suburb of Cape Town. Little is known of his first marriage except that he was a widower. Frederick died in Cape Town, South Africa on July 6, 1928, and is buried in Woltemade Cemetery No. 1, Lot No. 11028 'A'.
In 1953, during her travels to this country from South Africa,
Virginia Emily Marting, the granddaughter of Frederick Waugh Smith,
conveyed several large portraits of Governor William Smith and
his sons, Austin and Thomas. They were given to her cousin Martha
Boyle of Alexandria, Va., for presentation to the museum of the
Confederacy at Richmond.
81. WILLIAM D. MOFFETT. Enlisted as Third Lieut. Company G; promoted to 2nd Lieut, August 16, 1861, and to Captain May 1, 1862. Wounded at Sharpsburg and in the Wilderness. Acting Colonel of the 49th Reg't. from October 31, 1864 to Appomattox. Born in Rappahannock County 1840. Died 1869. A lawyer.
82. CHARLES BURKS CHRISTIAN. Born Amherst
County, Va. Feb. 15, 1834; graduated from Washington College (now
Washington & Lee University); lawyer in Amherst County; 5
feet 8 inches tall. Commissioned Captain April 23, 1861; promoted
to Major January 31, 1863, and Lt. Colonel November 23, 1863.
Wounded in right shoulder and captured at Bethesda Church May
30, 1864; sent first to Fort Delaware, thence to Morris Island,
S.C. as one of the "Immortal Six Hundred." (See Note
6) Died at Walker's Ford, Va. January 2, 1916.
83. ALEXANDER SMITH. In the cemetery of Martinsburg, Ohio, a gravestone reads, "Alexander Smith, Company E, 49th Va. Inf. C.S.A." His obituary in the March 5, 1916, issue of the Utica (Ohio) Herald states that he was born near Front Royal, Va., March 5, 1841, one of eight children born to Neverson and Mary Ann Saffell Smith. It says he served in the 49th Reg't. of Va. Inf. and the May 1862 Muster Roll records of Company E show him present. After the War, he went with his father's family to Ohio and lived in Licking County, where he married Sarah B. Veatch October 17, 1871. They settled on a farm near Martinsburg, Ohio, then farmed near Utica, where his wife died in 1882, leaving five children. Several years later he married Hannah Scott from whom no children descended. In 1896 they moved to Belle Center, Ohio, where he died Feb. 20, 1916, survived by his wife and five children: Postmaster J.A. Smith, Mrs. Lizzie Bruce, and Ray C. Smith, all of Belle Center; Rev. Hugh A. Smith, West Milton; and Irvin C. Smith of Bellefontiane. He joined the Baptist Church in his youth, but after his first marriage changed to the Disciple Church and continued active in the Sunday School and Church work until his death. "He was a good man and no one can be greater," concludes his obituary.
84. CHARLES I. JOHNSON. Enlisted Sept 25, 1861; detailed as Commissary Sergeant Nov. 31, 1864. Born in Nelson County Oct. 27, 1839. Merchant in Buckingham County, Va., after the war.
85. HENRY O'BANNON PRESLEY. Born in Rappahannock County; attended Roanoke College. Enlisted July 22, 1861; appears on Co. muster roll Oct. 31, 1861 as "absent on account of sickness in Rappahannock County." Served later in Mosby's 43rd Bat. Cav. Farmer and merchant in Culpeper County after War. Still living in 1923.
86. JAMES R. PURCELL. Wounded at Seven Pines, at Sharpsburg, at ChancellorsviIle, and in right hip at Winchester Sept 19, 1864, where he was dragged off the field by Lieut. L.C. Lindsley. Paroled at Provost Marshal's office, Bowling Green, Va. May 6, 1865. One record says he enlisted as a private in May or June, 1861, and was elected First Lieut. in June, which may have been in the "Prince William County Partisan Rangers" of which he became Captain, because Co. A of the 49th Inf. was not organized until July. He commanded Co. A after Capt. Norvell became acting Major of the 49th Reg't. at Spotsylvania Court House.
87. ROBERT A. COOPER. Wounded at Malvern Hill June, 1862; wounded and captured at Cold Harbor; paroled from Elmira, N.Y., June 30, 1865. "A volunteer who set fire to a bridge under terrific fire of the enemy," notes Mrs. Johnson. See page 95 of book, With the Old Confeds by S.D. Buck.
88. EDWARD COLBERT. Enlisted Prince William Co. July 16, 1861. Detailed to Winchester Hospital 1862. Wounded at Sharpsburg. Captured near Brentsville, Va. Nov. 18, 1862. P.O.W. Old Capitol Prison, Washington, D.C.
89. JEROME BONAPARTE NORVELL. Was captain of Co. A until he became acting Major of the 49th Regiment when Col. Gibson was wounded at Spotsylvania Court House May 12, 1864. He continued in command of the Reg't. until he required sick leave. Was paroled at Charlottesville May 16, 1865.
90. WILLIAM W. LARKIN. Enlisted as private Aug. 25, 1861, in Prince William Co. Appointed 3rd. Serg't. April 18, 1862; elected 3rd Lieut. April 30, 1862; promoted to 2nd. Wounded at First Fredericksburg and a bad shoulder wound at Seven Pines. Detailed to Command Provost Guard Division, May 24, 1864. Parole at Appomattox.
91. JOSEPH W. GOULDIN. Wounded and
captured at Seven Pines; paroled from Fort Delaware Aug. 5, 1862.
Missing after Battle of Bethesda Church. Casualty list in Richmond
Sentinel spells his name as "GOULDIN," and ranks him
as a Corporal wounded in Wilderness Campaign.
92. JOHN LAFAYETTE REID (1841-1912) born Prince William County, Va. Muster Roll lists him as Second Corporal in Company B. Received medical discharge December 9, 1861. Served in the Prince William "Partisan Rangers." Died at the United Confederate Veterans Home in Richmond, June 10, 1912, and is buried in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Va.
93. SAMUEL HOWISON. Appointed Corporal June 24, 1862; 3rd Sergeant in 1864. Wounded at Gettysburg. Wounded and captured at Winchester Sept. 19, 1864. Paroled from Fort Warren June 16, 1865.
94. THOMAS BARNES. Wounded in Battle
of Fredericksburg December 13, 1862. Wounded at Gettysburg July,
1863. Captured and released on Oath to U.S. on March 15, 1864.
95. JOSEPH PEYTON MANUEL. Enlisted October 7, 1862 as Private. Wounded in the Wilderness Campaign of 1864. Paroled at Appomattox C.H., April 10, 1865.
96. WILLIAM JAMES KINCHELOE (1836-1864) was the second son of Brandt Kincheloe and Mary Rawlings, his wife; was born on March 15, 1836, near Rectortown, in Fauquier County, Virginia. His paternal ancestors, who were English, came to Virginia at an early date, and settled in Prince William County. James received his early education in the school-room of his father's private tutor; when about the age of thirteen he was sent to the Alexandria Boarding School, where he became proficient in mathematics and science. In the summer of 1855 he returned to Rectortown and remained on his father's farm for nearly two years, assisting in the plantation work in busy seasons, and continuing his studies at other times. For a few months in 1856 he was engaged as an assistant instructor in mathematics in the Upperville Military Academy.
In 1857 he entered the University of Virginia, taking the
schools of Moral Philosophy and Mathematics, and the junior classes
of Law. At the end of the session he received distinctions in
the Law classes and diplomas in Mathematics and Moral Philosophy.
The next year he took the fuller course of the Law school, and
graduated with the title of Bachelor of Law. He then returned
to Rectortown and remained with his father until 1860, at which
time he settled at Warrenton, Va., and became a candidate for
the practice of his profession.
At the organization of the "Fauquier Guards" he was elected Orderly Sergeant. On July 4, 1861 the ladies of Warrenton presented the company with a handsome flag, and Sergeant Kincheloe was chosen to make the accepting speech. A few days later the company, having received arms and equipment, was ordered to Manassas. Here it was made a company of the 49th Va. Infantry.
On the second day battle at Groveton, August 29, 1862, he was wounded in the thigh, and consequently was not with the army when it invaded Maryland. At Spotsylvania Court -House he was painfully wounded near the close of the fight on the 12th of May, 1864, by a piece of shell which struck him on the shoulder. He was sent to Richmond hospital, and did not rejoin the army again until the middle of July. His brigade then belonged to the command of General Early, and was engaged in the Valley campaign. On the morning of August 29, 1864, in the battle near Smithfield, Va. (now West Va.) Kincheloe fell mortally wounded, and died without a word. The circumstances were these: On the morning of the 29th of August, 1864, the Federal cavalry, consisting of two divisions, attacked and defeated the Confederate cavalry near Smithfield. The infantry was called out, and the skirmishers thrown forward, drove the enemy back. Pregram's brigade was ordered to halt and presently to face about. As Kincheloe gave the command "Right about, Company C!" he was seen to fall, and upon examination was found to be shot in the back of the head, the ball penetrating the brain. The report of the gun was not heard. He was buried in the cemetery at Smithfield.
97. GEORGE QUESENBERRY. No official records of his service in Co. K of the 49th Va. Reg't. have been found, but his name, spelled George Qutsenburg, appears among the missing of Co. K in a list of the 49th Reg't. casualties at Fort Stedman published in the Richmond Sentinel of March 29, 1865. His granddaughter, Mrs. Laura Quesenberry Meadows, joined the Hinton, W. Va., Chapter No. 1559, United Daughters of the Confederacy, on his military record. The Chapter records state that "he died fighting for the C.S.A. in 1865 in the Petersburg-Mine Run area," and that his "letters to his wife were given to the State Library." These letters have not been found in either the Virginia or West Va. State Libraries, but many valuable papers formerly placed there are no longer available.