4th Infantry Regiment was assembled at Winchester, Virginia, in July 1861. Its companies were from the counties of Wythe, Montgomery, Pulaski, Smyth, Grayson, and Rockbridge. It became part of the Stonewall Brigade and served under Generals T. J. Jackson, T. B. Garnett, Winder, Paxton, J. A. Walker, and W. Terry. The regiment fought at First Manassas, First Kernstown, and in Jackson's Valley Campaign. It then participated in many conflicts of the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor, was with Early in the Shenandoah Valley, and saw action around Appomattox. The unit reported 5 killed, 23 wounded, and 48 missing at First Kernstown, took 317 effectives to Port Republic, had 7 killed and 25 wounded at Malvern Hill, and had 19 killed and 78 wounded of the 180 at Second Manassas. It lost forty-eight percent of the 355 engaged at Chancellorsville and more than fifty percent of the 257 at Gettysburg. The regiment surrendered with 7 officers and 38 men of which only 17 were armed. Its field officers were Colonels James T. Preston, Charles A. Ronald, and William Terry; Lieutenant Colonels Robert D. Gardner and Lewis I Moore; and Majors Matthew D. Bennett, Joseph F. Kent, and Albert G. Pendleton.
Reference for rosters: Fourth Virginia Infantry. Dr. James I. Robertson. 2nd Edition. Copyright 1982. H. E. Howard, Inc. Manufactured in U.S. by H. E. Howard Inc. Lynchburg. Va.