55th Infantry Regiment was organized in September 1861, by the addition of four companies to W. N. Ward's "Essex and Middlesex" Battalion of Virginia Volunteers. It was assigned to General Field's, Heth's, H. H. Walker's, and Barton's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. The 55th participated in the campaigns of the army from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor, then was involved in the Petersburg siege south of the James River and the Appomattox operations. It sustained 108 casualties during the Seven Days' Battles, 32 at Second Manassas, 11 at Fredericksburg, and 110 at Chancellorsville. Of the 268 engaged at Gettysburg, twelve percent were killed, wounded, or missing. In February 1865, the 47th and 55th Regiments were consolidated, but only 2 officers and 21 men of the 55th were present at the surrender. Its field officers were Colonels William S. Christian and Francis Mallory; Lieutenant Colonels Robert H. Archer and Evan Rice; and Majors Thomas M. Burke, Robert B. Fauntleroy, Charles N. Lawson, Andrew D. Saunders, and William N. Ward.
Edward T. Smith--Corporal--Co. A. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Confederate section, plot 179-A