Field & Staff
9th Infantry Regiment completed its organization at Portsmouth, Virginia, in July 1861. Its members were from Portsmouth and the counties of Roanoke, Chesterfield, Isle of Wight, Nansemond, Lunenburg, Dinwiddie, and Norfolk. The regiment served in the Department of Norfolk and in June 1862, totaled 435 men. During the war it was attached to General Armistead's Barton's, and Steuart's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. It fought in many conflicts from Seven Pines to Gettysburg and after serving in North Carolina participated in the Battle of Drewry's Bluff. Later the unit was involved in the Petersburg siege north of the James River and the Appomattox Campaign. It lost 9 killed, 34 wounded, and 23 missing of the 150 at Malvern Hill, and of the 318 engaged at Gettysburg more than half were disabled. The unit reported 47 casualties at Drewry's Bluff, had many captured at Five Forks and Sayler's Creek, and surrendered 2 officers and 37 men on April 9, 1865. Its field officers were Colonels David J. Godwin, James J. Phillips, and Francis H. Smith; Lieutenant Colonels James S. Gilliam, John T. L. Preston, and William J. Richardson; and Majors Stapleton Crutchfield, Mark B. Hardin, and John C. Owens.