1st Alabama Cavalry
Organized at Huntsville, Ala., and Memphis, Tenn., October,
1862. Attached to Cavalry Brigade, District of Corinth, 16th Army
Corps, Dept. of Tennessee, January to March, 1863. Cavalry Brigade,
District of Corinth, 2nd Division, 16th Army Corps, to June, 1863.
3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, 16th Army Corps, to August,
1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 16th Army Corps, to April, 1864.
Cavalry 4th Division, 16th Army Corps, to May, 1864. Headquarters
16th Army Corps to September, 1864. Unattached 15th Army Corps
to November, 1864. Unattached 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Military
Division Mississippi, to January, 1865. 3rd Brigade, Kilpatrick's
3rd Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi,
to June, 1865. District Northern Alabama, Dept. of the Cumberland,
to October, 1865.
SERVICE.--Duty in District of Corinth, Miss., until June,
1863. Action at Cherokee Station, Ala., December 12, 1862. Chewalla,
Tenn., January 20, 1863. Tuscumbia, Ala., February 22. Bear Creek
March 3. Carroll County (Cos. "H" and "L")
April 4. Glendale April 14. Dodge's Expedition to North Alabama
April 15-May 8. Barton's Station April 16-17. Dickson, Great Bear
Creek, Cherokee Station and Lundy's Lane April 17. Rock Cut, near
Tuscumbia, April 22. Tuscumbia April 23. Town Creek April 28.
Expedition to Tupelo, Miss., May 2-8. King's Creek, near Tupelo,
May 5. Burnsville, Miss., June 11. Ripley Aug. 3. Vincent's Cross
Roads and Bay Springs, Ala., October 26. Operations on Memphis
& Charleston R. R. November 3-5. Colliersville, Tenn., November
3. Moscow, Miss., November 4. Camp Davies, Miss., November 22
(Detachment). Operations on Memphis & Charleston R. R. against
Lee's attack November 28-December 10. Molino November 28. Wolf
River Bridge December 4. Expedition toward Tuscumbia, Ala., December
9-24. Jack's Creek December 24. Expedition from Memphis to Wyatt's,
Miss., February 6-18, 1864 (Detachment). Coldwater Ferry February
8. Near Senatobia February 8-9. Wyatt's February 13. Operations
against Forrest, in West Tennessee and Kentucky, February 16-April
14. Reconnaissance down Tennessee River to Triana April 12-16
(Detachment). Decatur, Ala., April 17. Atlanta Campaign May to
September. Movements on Dalton May 5-9. Snake Creek Gap May 10-12.
Battle of Resaca May 13-15. Rome Cross Roads May 16. Battles about
Dallas May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kennesaw
Mountain June 10-July 2. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochee
River July 6-17. Cove Springs July 8. Expedition to Centre, Ala.,
July 11-13. Decatur July 19-22. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege
of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Scout to Cedar Bluff, Ala., July
28-29. Expedition from Rome to Jacksonville, Ala., August 11-15.
Buchanan August 15. Coreysville August 20. Flank movement on Jonesboro
August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Bolensville
September 3. Rome September 6. Reconnaissance from Rome on Cave
Springs Road October 12-13. March to the sea November 15-December
10. Ball's Ferry, Oconee River, November 24-25. Waynesboro November
27-29. Briar Creek December 4. Little Ogeechee River December
4. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas
January to April, 1865. River's Bridge, S.C., February 7. Williston
February 8. Near White Post February 8. Aiken February 11. Gunther's
Bridge February 14. Rockingham, N. C., March 7. Monroe's Cross
Roads March 10. Averysboro, Taylor's Hole Creek, March 16. Battle
of Bentonville March 19-21. Faisson's Depot March 30-31. Roachland
April 1. Mt. Pleasant April 11. Occupation of Raleigh April 13.
Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his Army.
Ordered to Dept. of the Cumberland May. Duty in District of Northern
Alabama and at Huntsville, Ala., until October. Mustered out October
The 1st Alabama Cavalry was raised from Alabama Unionists at
Huntsville, Alabama and Memphis, Tennessee in October, 1862
after Federal troops occupied the area. It was attached to the
XVI Corps in various divisions until November 1864, when it
became part of the XV Corps. During this time, its duties mostly
consisted of scouting, raiding, reconnaissance, flank guard, and
providing screening to the infantry while on the march.
The regiment was selected by Major General William T. Sherman
to be his escort as he began his march to the sea. It was
assigned to the Third Division of the Cavalry Corps, Military
Division of the Mississippi in January 1865. It fought at the
battles of Monroe's Crossroads and Bentonville and was present
at the surrender of the Army of Tennessee at the Bennett Place.
It was sent to the District of Northern Alabama, Department of
the Cumberland in June 1865.
The regiment was mustered out of service at Huntsville,
Alabama on October 20, 1865, with only 397 men present. Out of
the 2,000 men who served in the unit during the course of the
war, 345 were killed in action, died in prison, of disease or
other non-battle causes, 88 were captured, and 279 deserted,
with no accurate count of the number of wounded.