1st Independent Battery Light Artillery

This monument is located south of Gettysburg in The Wheatfield

Front:

Battery D,
1st New York Light Artillery,
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Artillery Brig.          Third Corps

Rear:

This battery (Winslow's)
held this position during
the afternoon of July 2d, 1863.
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Casualties:
10 wounded, 8 missing.
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Mustered in Sept. 6, 1861.
Engaged in 32 battles.
Mustered out June 16, 1865.

Roster

The 1st Connecticut Light Battery was organized in October, 1861, and rendezvoused at West Meriden, Conn. It left the State for Port Royal, S. C., January 13, 1862, numbering one hundred and fifty-six (156) men.

The battery remained in the Department of the South until April 18th, 1864, when it left Folly Island upon the transports Gen. Meigs and Ella Knight, bound for Fortress Monroe ; arriving there on the 22d of April, it disembarked on the 23d at Gloucester Point, and was ordered to report to General Terry, commanding the forces at that place.

On the 4th of May, the battery was again embarked upon transports and on the 6th of May landed at Bermuda Hundred, and took up the line of march for the Richmond and Petersburg road. On the 10th of May, it took an active part in the battle of Chester Station, and notwithstanding the efforts of the enemy, who charged the battery three times during the engagement, the casualties were but two men wounded.

On the 13th of May the battery was temporarily transferred to the 18th Army Corps, and were placed in position upon the Richmond and Petersburg turnpike; it was, however, ordered back to the 10th Army Corps on the 14th in time to participate in the battle of Proctor s Creek. (It was in this battle, that Lieut. Metcalf was mortally wounded, death ensuing on the day following.) The battery was engaged in active service from this date until October 29th, when it was ordered to City Point, for the purpose of exchanging its guns "James Rifle" for light 12 pp-r Napoleons.

On the 4th of December, the Light Artillery Brigade of the 10th Army Corps was transferred to the 25th Army Corps, and the battery proceeded to take up its position near the James River, in the rear of Fort Burnham. It continued to serve in the Army of Virginia, and in the vicinity of Richmond, until its final muster out, on the 11th of June, 1865.

In December, 1863, forty-six (46) of the original members re-enlisted as veterans, and after its organization, about one hundred and forty recruits joined the battery, from Connecticut.

The following list will show the principal engagements.

James Island, S. C., June 14th, 1862.
Secessionville, S. (7., June 16th, 1862.
James Island, S. C., July 16th, 1863.
John s Island, S. C., February 10th, 1864.
Chester Station, Va.,
May 10th, 1864.
Proctor's Greek, Va., May
14th, 1864.
Four Mile Creek, Va., August 14th, 1864.
Siege of Petersburg, Va., August 27th to September 27th, 1864.
Darbytown Road, Va., October l0th, 1864.
Darbytown Road, Va., October 27th, 1864.

CASUALTIES.

Died of wounds, 1
Died of disease, - 21
Discharge prior to muster-out of battery, 98

Total: 120

SERVICE.--Duty at Hilton Head, S. C., until May, 1862. Expedition to James Island and operations against Charleston, S.C., May 31-June 28. Battle of Secessionville June 16. Evacuation of James Island and movement to Hilton Head, S.C., May 28-July 7. Expedition to St. John's Bluff, Fla., September 30-October 13. Expedition to Pocotaligo October 21-23. Frampton's Plantation, Pocotaligo, October 22. Duty at Hilton Head and at Beaufort, S.C., until June, 1863. Moved to Folly Island, S.C. Expedition to James Island July 9-16. Williston Bluff, Port Pon River July 10. Action on James Island July 16. Siege operations against Forts Wagner and Gregg, Morris Island and against Fort Sumter and Charleston, S.C., from Folly Island until April, 1864. Moved from Folly Island, S.C., to Gloucester Point, Va., April 18-23. Butler's operations on south side of the James and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4-June 21. Chester Station May 10. Operations against Fort Darling May 12-16. Battle of Drewry's Bluff May 14-16. Proctor's Creek May 14. On the Bermuda front May 17-June 21. Port Walthal June 16-17. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Moved to Deep Bottom, Va., June 21, 1864, and duty there until August 25. Actions at Deep Bottom July 21 and 27-28. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Moved to Petersburg front August 25 and duty in trenches before that city until September 28. Moved to Deep Bottom September 28. Battle of Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 29-30. Duty in trenches before Richmond until April, 1865. Occupation of Richmond April 3. Duty at Richmond and Manchester until June. Mustered out June 11, 1865.

Battery lost during service 1 Officer and 3 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 21 Enlisted men by disease. Total 25.

Previous Page

Reference: Connecticut Volunteer Organizations, (Infantry, Cavalry and Artillery) in the Service of the United States 1861-1865, with additional enlistments, casualties, etc, etc, and Brief Summaries, Showing the operations and service of the several regiments and batteries. Prepared from records in the Adjutant-General's Office.

C. M. INGERSOL, Adjutant-general.
HARTFORD: Brown and Gross, 1869