Field & Staff--NCO Staff
Organized at Washington, D.C., from 19th Conn. Infantry, November 23, 1863. Attached to 2nd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington, to February, 1864. 4th Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to May, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac, and Army Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to June, 1865. 2nd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington, to August, 1865.
The Second Connecticut Heavy Artillery, was recruited in Litchfield County, as the "Nineteenth Regiment of Infantry" and was commanded by Colonel L. W. Wessells.
The regiment left for Washington, on the 15th of September, 1862 ; arriving in that city, it was assigned to the Army of the Potomac, and was stationed at Alexandria, Va.
On the 23d of November, 1863, the regiment was changed from an infantry to an artillery organization, by General Order No. 520 from the War Department, and was subsequently designated by His Excellency, Governor Buckingham, in General Order No. 195, as the Second Connecticut Heavy Artillery.
During the year 1863, it was engaged in garrison duty in the "Defenses of Washington, South of the Potomac," in Forts North, Ellsworth, Lyon, Weld, Farnsworth, Williams and Willard, and was in the same brigade with the First Connecticut Artillery, forming the Second Brigade of DeRussey s Division, Defenses of Washington.
From December 1st, 1863, to February 20th, 1864, the regiment was being rapidly recruited, and was increased from an aggregate of seven hundred and fifty-seven (757) men to the maximum of an Artillery Regiment.
On the 21st of May, 1864, the regiment was assigned to the 2d Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, and was continually on the march from that time to the 1st of June, when they were called upon to participate in the battle of Cold Harbor, Va., suffering the loss in killed of the brave and able soldiers, Colonel Elisha S. Kellogg and Captain Luman Wadhams; the total loss to the regiment, being two hundred and eighty-five (285) being killed, wounded and missing.
The regiment remained with the 6th Corps until the close of the war ; taking an active part in the various engagements in the vicinity of Petersburg, and was finally mustered out of service on the 18th of August, 1865, at Washington, D. C.
The muster in rolls of the 19th Regiment, Connecticut Infantry, bore the names of eight hundred and ninety-one (891) men, but upon the change of arm from infantry to artillery, and subsequently, a large number of recruits were added to its ranks; and the whole number of men who have served in this organization, is two thousand seven hundred and nineteen (2,719) officers and men.
The official reports of the operations of this regiment are to a certain extent, incomplete, consequently it is impracticable to furnish as thorough a history of its operations as is desirable, or to place upon record as full a report of its engagements, as the long and arduous services of the brave officers and men who composed it, so truly merit.
The pen of the historian will more effectually portray the gallant deeds of the Second Connecticut Artillery, than this brief attempt at a summary.
The following are some of its principal engagements.
Cold Harbor, Va., June 1st, 1864, - Total loss, 285.
Hatcher s Run, Va., February 6th, 1865, Total Loss 7.
Near Petersburg, Va., March 25th, 1865, Total Loss 20.
Near Petersburg, Va., April 2d, 1865, Total Loss 8.
Sailors Creek, Va., April 6th, 1865, Total Loss 7.
The following is the aggregate number of Casualties.
Killed in action, 143
Died of wounds, 80
Died of disease, 186
Discharge prior to muster-out of regiment, 907
SERVICE.--Garrison duty at Forts Worth, Williams and Ellsworth, defenses of Washington, D.C. South of the Potomac until May, 1864. Ordered to join Army of the Potomac in the field May 17. Moved to Spotsylvania C. H. May 17-19. Spotsylvania C. H. May 19-21. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Hanover C. H. May 29. Cold Harbor May 31-June 12. Before Petersburg June 18-July 10. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Moved to Washington, D.C., July 10-12. Repulse of Early's attack on Washington July 12. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to December. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. New Market September 23-24. Woodstock September 25. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Winchester and in the valley until December. Moved to Petersburg, Va., December 1-5. Siege of Petersburg December 5, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run Feb. 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox C. H. April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. At Farmville and Burkesville until April 23. March to Danville April 23-27 and duty there until May 24. March to Richmond, thence to Washington, D.C., May 24-June 3. Corps review June 8. Duty at Washington until August. Mustered out August 18, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 12 Officers and 242 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 171 Enlisted men by disease. Total 427.
Reference: Connecticut Volunteer Organizations,(Infantry, Cavalry and Artillery) in the Service of the United States 1861-1865, with additional enlistments, casualties, etc, etc, and Brief Summaries, Showing the operations and service of the several regiments and batteries. Prepared from records in the Adjutant-General's Office.
C. M. INGERSOL,
HARTFORD: Brown and Gross, 1869