10th Regiment Infantry

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 Unassigned

Organized at Hartford October 22, 1861. Left State for Annapolis, Md., October 31 and duty there until January 6, 1862. Attached to Foster's 1st Brigade, Burnside's Expeditionary Corps, to April, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of North Carolina to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of N. C., to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 18th Corps, Dept. of the South to April, 1863. Stevenson's Brigade, Seabrook Island, S.C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. South to July, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Morris Island, S.C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. South, July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Morris Island, S.C., 10th Corps, to October, 1863. St. Augustine, Fla., Dept. South, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to May, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps, to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 24th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to July, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 24th Army Corps, to August, 1865.

SERVICE.--Burnside's expedition to Hatteras Inlet and Roanoke Island, N. C., January 7-February 8, 1862. Battle of Roanoke Island February 8. At Roanoke Island until March 11. Moved to Newberne March 11-13. Battle of New Berne March 14. Duty at New Berne until October. Expedition from Newberne October 30-November 12. Action at Rawle's Mills November 2. Foster's expedition to Goldsboro December 11-20. Kinston December 14. Whitehall December 16. Goldsboro December 17. Moved from Newberne to Hilton Head, S.C., January 26-29, 1863. Camp at St. Helena Island, S.C., until March 27 and at Seabrook Island, S. C, to July 6. Skirmish Edisto Island June 18. Expedition to James Island July 9-16. Battle of Secessionville July 16. Assault on Fort Wagner, Morris Island, S.C., July 18. Siege operations against Forts Wagner and Gregg, Morris Island, and against Fort Sumter and Charlestown, S.C., July 18-September 7. Capture of Forts Wagner and Gregg September 7. Operations against Forts Sumter and Charlestown until October 25. Moved to St. Augustine, Fla., October 26, and duty there until April, 1864. Ordered to Gloucester Point, Va., April 20. Butler's operations on south side of the James and against Petersburg and Richmond, Va., May 5-28. Occupation of Bermuda Hundred, Va., May 5. Port Walthal Junction, Chester Station, May 7. Operations against Fort Darling May 12-16. Battle of Drewry's Bluff May 14-16. On Bermuda Hundred front May 17-July 21. Action Bermuda Hundred June 2. Petersburg June 9. Walthal Junction June 16-17. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Demonstration on north side of the James July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28 and August 1. Strawberry Plains August 14-18. Duty in trenches before Petersburg August 25-September 27. Movement to north of James September 27-28. Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30. Darbytown and New Market Roads October 7. Reconnaissance on Darbytown Road October 13. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28. Johnston's Plantation October 29. Detached for duty at New York City during Presidential election of 1864, November 2-17. Duty in trenches before Richmond November 17, 1864, to March 27, 1865. Movement to Hatcher's Run March 27-28. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Rice's Station April 6. Appomattox C. H. April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Duty at Richmond, Va., and in the Dept. of Va. until August. Mustered out August 15, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 13 Officers and 109 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 5 Officers and 155 Enlisted men by disease. Total 282.

Previous Page

The Tenth Regiment Connecticut Volunteers was recruited at Camp Buckingham, Hartford, and left for Annapolis, Md., October 31, 1861.

It was attached to General Burnside s command, and was engaged at the battle of Roanoke Island, on the 8th of February, 1862; and notwithstanding it was the first battle in which it took part, both officers and men exhibited great coolness and sterling bravery. Colonel Charles L. Russell, the brave and efficient commander, was killed at the head of his regiment, while gallantly leading it to the charge.

Colonel Russell was formerly attached to the Second Regiment, as Adjutant ; in which position he demonstrated his fitness for his position, and won the love and esteem of the rank and file by his uniform courtesy and kindness, as well as the confidence and respect of his superior officers, for his military ability.

Lt Col. Albert W. Drake, succeeded to the command of the regiment, was commissioned as Colonel, February 8, 1862, and died of disease caused by exhaustion, June 5, 1862. Adjutant General Williams, in his Annual Report, dated April 1, 1863, remarks "that no regiment in the field, has seen more active service, better sustained the reputation of Connecticut troops, or met with greater loss of officers, than the Tenth."

Colonel Ira W. Pettibone, who succeeded Colonel Drake, was compelled by ill-health, to resign ; and was in turn succeeded by Major John L. Otis, as commander.

On the 14th of March, 1862, the regiment was again in battle at Newbern, N. C., and met with a loss of twenty-three (23) killed and wounded. Again on the 14th of December, it participated in the battle of Kinston, N. C., and met with a total loss of one hundred and six (106) officers and men.

Lieut. Colonel Leggett, in his official report of the battle, states that the regiment captured at one time, more than fifty of the enemy. On the 16th of December, it was engaged in the battle of Whitehall, N. C., loss not reported.

After the battle of Seabrook Island, S. C., March 28, 1863, the regiment was engaged in the usual routine incident to field life, until the Siege of Charleston, S. C., from July 28th to October 25th, 1863.

In December following it took an active part in the battle of St. Augustine, Fla., with a total loss of twenty-two (22) men.

On the 18th of April, 1864, it proceeded to Hilton Head, S. C., thence by transport to Fort Monroe, Va., and were disembarked at Gloucester Point, where it was joined by the re-enlisted veterans who had returned from veteran furlough.

At this time, the camp and garrison equipage of the regiment, together with the regimental and company records, were ordered stored at Norfolk, Va. ; but while on board transport, were sunk, and became a total and irreparable loss.

On the 7th of May, the regiment was again in action at Walthall Junction, Va., and from the 13th to the 17th, inclusive, participated in the battle of Drury s Bluff, when they were called upon to support the 1st Connecticut Light Battery, which was ordered to take up its position on the left of the regiment, in order that it might be more secure from the enemy's sharpshooters.

In his official report of this battle, Colonel Plaisted, commanding the Brigade, speaks of the Tenth Connecticut, as follows: "Of the Tenth, I need hardly say more, than that it fully sustained the splendid reputation it has hitherto borne ; for steady and soldierly behavior, under the most trying circumstances too, entirely new to them, (for never before were their backs turned to the enemy,) it may have been equaled, but never surpassed. Under a fire in which eighteen men fell from the left of the regiment in almost as many seconds, not a soldier spoke a word, or moved a heel from the alignment. Too much credit cannot be accorded to Colonel Otis, for his self possession under such a fire, and the skillful manner in which he handled his regiment."

The space allotted to a Summary, in this work, will not permit of a detailed account of each separate engagement, in which the regiment participated, and to chronicle in detail, the many battles and the active service of the Tenth Connecticut, would require a volume of itself.

The regiment continued in service in Virginia, until its final muster-out, August 25, 1865, and participated in no less than fourteen engagements, between June 1G, 1864, and the Sprint of 1865. To say that throughout the whole time, it sustained its reputation for bravery and heroic endurance, would be but faint praise for the gallant deeds performed; and the pen of the historian will find ample material for its exercise, in portraying the deeds of this regiment.

Originally, the Regiment numbered nine hundred and ninety-six (996) men; the number of recruits borne on its rolls is eight hundred and forty-eight (848,) and the number of re-enlisted veterans, was two hundred and eighty (280) ; making a total of two thousand one hundred and twenty-four (2,124) men credited to the organization.

The following are its principal ENGAGEMENTS.

Roanoke Island, February 8th, 1862.
Newbern, N. C., March 14th, 1862.
Kinston, N. (?., December 14th, 1862.
Whitehall, N. C., December 16th, 1862.
Seabrook Island, S. C., March 28th, 1863.
Siege of Charleston, S. C., from July 28th to October 25th, 1863.
Near St. Augustine, Fla., December 30th, 1863.
Walthall Junction, Va.,
May 7th, 1864.
Drury's Bluff, Va., May 13th to 17th (inclusive), 1864.
Bermuda Hundred, Va., June 16th, 1864.
Strawberry Plains, Va., July 26th and 27th, 1864.
Deep Bottom, Va., August 1st, 1864.
Deep Bottom, Va., August 14th, 1864.
Laurel Hill Church, Va., October 1st, 1864.
New
Market Road, Va., October 7th, 1864.
Darbytown Road, Va., October 13th, 1864.
Darbytown Road, Va., October 27th, 1864.
Johnson's Plantation, Va., October 29th, 1864.
Hatchers Run, Va., March 29th and 30th, and April 1st, 1865.
Fort Gregg, Va., April 2d, 1865.
Appomatox Court House, Va., April 9th, 1865.

The following is the aggregate of CASUALTIES.

Killed in action, - - - - 57
Died of wounds, - - 59
Died of disease, - - - 152
Discharged prior to muster-out of regiment, - - 692

Total----960

Reference: Connecticut Volunteer Organizations, (Infantry, Cavalry and Artillery) in the Service of the United States 1861-1865, with additional enlistments, casualties, etc, etc, and Brief Summaries, Showing the operations and service of the several regiments and batteries. Prepared from records in the Adjutant-General's Office.

C. M. INGERSOL, Adjutant-general.
HARTFORD: Brown and Gross, 1869