Field & Staff---NCO Staff
Organized at New Haven November 25, 1861, to January 7, 1862. Left State for Ship Island, Miss., March 17, 1862, arriving there April 13. Attached to 1st Brigade, Department of the Gulf, to September, 1862. Weitzel's Reserve Brigade, Dept. Gulf, to December, 1862. Grover's Division, Dept. of the Gulf, to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 19th Corps, to March, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, 19th Corps, to August, 1863. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 19th Corps, to February, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 19th Corps, Dept. Gulf, to July, 1864, and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to January, 1865. District of Savannah, Ga.·, Dept. of the South, to March, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to April, 1865. District of Georgia, Dept. of the South, to April, 1866.
SERVICE.--Operations against Forts St. Phillip and Jackson, Mississippi River, April 15-28, 1862. Occupation of New Orleans, La., May 1. Duty at Camp Parapet and Carrollton until October. Expedition to Pass Manchac and Ponchatoula September 13-15 (Detachment). Ponchatoula September 14-15. Operations in District of La Fourche October 24-November 6. Occupation of Donaldsonville October 25. Action at Georgia Landing, near Labadieville, October 27. Thibodeauxville October 28. Duty at Thibodeauxville until December 27. Moved to Baton Rouge December 27, and duty there until March, 1863. Operations against Port Hudson March 7-27. Moved to Donaldsonville March 28. Operations in Western Louisiana April 9-May 14. Teche Campaign April 11-20. Porter's and McWilliams' Plantations at Indian Bend, April 13. Irish Bend April 14. Bayou Vermillion April 17. Expedition to Alexandria and Simsport May 5-18. Expedition from Barre's Landing toward Brashear City May 21-26. Siege of Port Hudson May 26-July 9. Assaults on Port Hudson May 27 and June 14. Brashear City June 21 (Detachment). Surrender of Port Hudson July 9. Moved to Donaldsonville July 11, thence to Thibodeauxville and duty there until March, 1864. Red River Campaign March 25-May 22. Monett's Bluff, Cane River Crossing April 28. Construction of dam at Alexandria April 30-May 10. Retreat to Morganza May 13-20. Mansura May 16. Duty at Morganza until July 3. Veterans on furlough July and August. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to December. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Kernstown and Winchester until January, 1865. Moved to Savannah, Ga., January 5-22, and duty there until March 8. At Morehead City and New Berne, N. C., until May. Duty at Savannah, Augusta, Athens, Gainesville and District of Allatoona, Ga., until April, 1866. Mustered out at Fort Pulaski, Ga., April 25, 1866.
Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 42 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 157 Enlisted men by disease. Total 204.
TheThirteenth Regiment Connecticut Volunteer Infantry was organized at New Haven, Conn., from November 25th, 1861, to January 7th, 1862, and left for Ship Island, Miss., on the 17th of March, 1862, numbering ten hundred and seventeen (1017) officers and men. All the field officers had seen active service Col. Birge as Major of the Fourth Regiment, Lieut.-Col. Warner as Major, and Major Holcomb as Quartermaster of the Third Regiment. The regiment participated in the battle of Georgia Landing, La., on the 27th of October, 1862; loss not reported.
During the winter of 1862-3 it was engaged in reconnoissance, and the routine life incident to its position. On the 14th of April, 1863, it took an active part in the battle of Irish Bend, La. It was in this battle that the regiment captured an embroidered rebel flag bearing the inscription : "The Ladies of Franklin to the St. Mary's Cannoniers. Lieut. Col. Warner, in his official report of the battle, speaks in the highest terms of the conduct of both officers and men, and mentions as especially worthy of praise, their charge upon the enemy's battery. The total loss during the engagement was fifty-three (53) in killed and wounded.
On the 24th ofMay following, the regiment was engaged in battle at Port Hudson, and on the 14th of June was again engaged with the enemy at the same place, with an aggregate loss of twenty-two (22) men.
On the 18th of March, 1864, after having been stationed at Thibodeaux, La., for a period of six months, the regiment received marching orders, and moved by rail the next day to Algiers, whence it embarked on the 25th on steamer, and proceeded up the Mississippi and Red Rivers, to take part in the Red River expedition.
Onthe 11th of April, it again embarked, with other regiments, under command of Gen. Birge, and proceeded to join the main army, which had met with a repulse at Sabine Cross Roads, and which, after the battle of Pleasant Hill, had fallen back to Grand Ecore. At 6 P. M. of the 21st, the march commenced down the river, and on the 23d the regiment was engaged in the battle of Cane River, fording the stream in water waist deep, and skirmishing through woods and swamps, over creeks and bluffs, and charging the enemy in his entrenchments. In this engagement it lost three (3) killed and twenty-one (21) wound ed, three of the latter mortally. Capt. Cornwall s mounted detachment of the 13th suffered severely, twelve (12) out of the eighteen (18) present being either killed or wounded. On the 11th of May the regiment, together with the whole army, commenced the march down the bank of the river, in company with the fleet of gunboats and transports. On the 16th the enemy was encountered in position at Mansura Plain, but after a fight of two or three hours he withdrew. This proved to be the last engagement for the 13th in that section.
On the 14th of July, the veterans and non-veterans embarked, under sealed orders, on the steamer Columbia. The orders, when opened, directed it to proceed to Fortress Monroe, leave the non-veterans, and then proceed to Hartford for veteran furlough, where it arrived on the 27th.
On the 29th of August it departed, upon its return, for Washington, where it arrived on the 31st, and received orders to proceed to Harper s Ferry. It left for that place on the afternoon of September 2d, and subsequently joined the main army at Berryville.
Onthe 18th, the whole army being under marching orders, the regiment broke camp and commenced the advance which next day brought on the battle of Winchester, in which the regiment took an active part, sustaining an aggregate loss of seventy-nine (79). Following up the routed enemy, he was again confronted in the strong position of Fisher s Hill. On the morning of the 22d the regiment was engaged in throwing up breastworks near the rebel picket lines, exposed to a murderous fire from the enemy s sharp-shooters. About 4 P. M. of the same day an attack was made upon the enemy which was entirely successful, and the 13th was engaged during the night and the following day in pursuit of the Hying foe. On the 19th of October it was again engaged with the enemy at the battle of Cedar Creek, in which it lost twenty-eight (28) officers and men. The complete overthrow of Early's army left all quiet in the Shenandoah valley.
Onthe 23d of December the non-veterans left for New Haven to be mustered out; the veterans and recruits were consolidated into a battalion, and after a series of marches and details for different duties, the battalion proceeded to Savannah, Ga., where they arrived on the evening of January 19, 18G5, and continued to serve in that vicinity (the various companies being scattered over considerable territory, acting as Provost Guard), until their muster out at Fort Pulaski, Ga., on the 25th of April, I860, by Brevet Major J. Hartwell Butler, U. S. A. The battalion did not re-enter the State as an organization, but received final pay and was disbanded on the 4th of May, 1865, at Hart s Island, New York Harbor.
The following are some of its principal ENGAGEMENTS.
Georgia Landing, La., October 27th, 1862.
Irish Bend, La., April 14th, 1863. Loss in killed, 7 enlisted men; wounded, 3 commissioned officers, 43 enlisted men. Total loss, 53.
Port Hudson, La.,
Killed in action, - - - - 32
Died of wounds, - . 13
Died of disease, - - - - - 129
Discharged prior to muster-out of regiment, - 705
Reference: Connecticut Volunteer Organizations,(Infantry, Cavalry and Artillery) in the Service of the United States 1861-1865, with additional enlistments, casualties, etc, etc, and Brief Summaries, Showing the operations and service of the several regiments and batteries. Prepared from records in the Adjutant-General's Office.
C.M. INGERSOL, Adjutant-general.