14th Connecticut Infantry Antietam
The Fourteenth Connecticut
Advanced to this point in a charge about 9:30 A.M., September
17th, 1862, then fell back eighty-eight yards to a cornfield fence and
held position heavily engaged nearly two hours; then was sent to the
support of the first brigade of its division at the Roulette Lane two
hours; then was sent to the extreme left of the first division of this
Corps to the support of Brooke's Brigade and at 5 P.M. was placed in
support between the Brigades of Caldwell and Meagher of that Division,
overlooking "Bloody Lane", holding position there until 10
A.M. of the 18th when relieved.
Erected by the State of Connecticut 1894
North Hancock Avenue. Gettysburg
Around the base starting in the front:
The 14th Conn. Vol. Inf. Left
The 14th C.V. reached the
Field & Staff--NCO Staff
Organized at Hartford August 23, 1862. Left State for Washington, D.C., August 25. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, to May, 1865.
SERVICE.--Camp at Arlington, Va., until September 7, 1862. Moved to Rockville, Md., September 7-8. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Moved to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., September 22 and duty there until October 30. Reconnaissance to Charlestown October 16-17. Advance up Loudon Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 17. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. Duty at Falmouth until April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-4. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Bristoe campaign October 9-22. Action at Bristoe Station October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Stevensburg, Va., until April, 1864. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Spotsylvania May 8-12. Laurel Hill May 8. Spotsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient, Spotsylvania C. H., May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864. Demonstration on north side of the James River July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Ream's Station August 25. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run October 27-28. Dabney's Mills February 5-7, 1865. Watkins' House March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Crow's House March 31. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Sailor's Creek April 6. High Bridge and Farmville April 7. Appomattox C. H. April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. At Burkesville until May 2. Moved to Washington, D.C., May 2-15. Grand review May 23. Old members mustered out May 21, 1865. Veterans and recruits transferred to 2nd Conn. Heavy Aruntilery May 30, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 17 Officers and 188 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 191 Enlisted men by disease. Total 397.
The Fourteenth Regiment Connecticut Volunteers was organized in the summer of 1862, and was the first regiment organized under the call for three hundred thousand men. It was recruited from the State at large, and left for Washington, D. C., August 25, 1862, its numerical strength being ten hundred and fifteen (1,015).
Owing to the raid of the enemy into Maryland, the regiment, without being allowed time to receive the necessary instruction, was ordered forward and took a part in the hard fought battle of Antietam.
The official report shows that the regiment .suffered severe losses in that desperate battle. Its loss in killed being 2 commissioned officers, and 19 enlisted men; wounded, 2 commissioned officers, and 86 enlisted men ; missing, 28 enlisted men ; making an aggregate loss of one hundred and thirty-seven (137).
It was also engaged in the battle of Fredericksburg, when Lieut.-Colonel Perkins and Major Clark were severely wounded.Many other valuable officers and many of the men were either killed or wounded.
In fact, from the heavy losses and hardships endured by the regiment, it had become terribly reduced, and numbered scarcely three hundred and seventy-five (375) effective men. Its aggregate loss at Fredericksburg was one hundred and twenty-two (122).
The regiment continued with theArmy of the Potomac during the winter, and on the 1st of April, 1863, was encamped at Falmouth; on the 28th it received marching orders, and proceeded with the Second Army Corps to near Bank s Ford, on the Rappahannock, which they crossed on the evening of the 30th of April, and proceeded to camp near Chancellorsville.
On the 1st, 2d and 3d of May they were actively engaged with the enemy, and sustained a loss during the engagement of fifty-six (56). Major Theodore G. Ellis, commanding regiment, states in his official report, that the strength of his command op the morning of the 3d was 219.
The regiment was again in battle at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2d and 3d, and sustained an aggregate loss of sixty-six (66). Major Ellis speaks of the action of the regiment in this battle in the highest terms, mentioning the capture of five regimental battle flags and over forty prisoners, by a portion of his command which charged the enemy. Four of the rebel officers surrendered themselves personally to Major Ellis. This was one of the most trying battles in which the Fourteenth was engaged. *J DO
July 14th it was engaged with the enemy at Falling Waters, and again on the 14th of October at Auburn, Va., loss not reported.On the latter named day it was also engaged at Bristol Station, and sustained a total loss of twenty-six (26) in killed, wounded and missing.
On the 17th of October it engaged the enemy at Blackburn s Ford, and on the 29th of November following at Mine Run, Va., and met with a loss of fourteen (14) in wounded and captured. On the 2d of December the regiment returned to its old camp upon Mountain Run, accomplishing a march of forty-five miles during the 24 hours.
The first general engagement in which the regiment participated after the close of winter, was that of Morton s Ford, Va., Feb. 6, 1864. This engagement is described by Lieut.Colonel Moore, as being in some instances a hand to hand fight, some of the Fourteenth using the bayonet upon the enemy. It sustained a loss of one hundred and fifteen (115) in killed, wounded and missing.
It would seem that the Fourteenth was kept busy during the spring and summer of 1864, as the list of battles during that time exhibit great activity.
FromMay 5, 1864, to August 25th, the regiment was engaged in the battles of Wilderness, Laurel Hill, Spottsylvania, May 12th, 13th, 14th, 18th and 22d, North Anna River, Tolopotomay, Cold Harbor, June 3d and 6th, Petersburg, June llth to July 6th, Deep Bottom and Ream s Station, Va., and sustained a total of two hundred and fifty-six (256) casualties.
Colonel Ellis remarks in his report, that the fatigue and exposure incident to the night marches and continued encounters with the enemy were extraordinary, notwithstanding which, both officers and men met them nobly and uncomplainingly, cheerfully bearing all the hardships they had been called upon to endure.
Lieut.-Col. Moore, Maj. Coit, and Adjutant Hicks are mentioned as deserving of special mention for their gallantry in the various actions in which the regiment was engaged. Lieut.-Colonel Moore, in his report of the battle of Ream s Station, remarks : "I cannot close this report without alluding to the loss this regiment has sustained in the death of Capt. William H. Hawley of Company K. At the time of his death he filled the office of brigade inspector, and was actively engaged upon the staff of the Colonel commanding the brigade. His loss is deeply felt, not only in this regiment, but throughout the entire brigade."
Onthe 27th of October, the regiment participated in the action of Boydton Plank Road; total loss, twenty-nine (29). Lieutenant Perkins Bartholomew of Co. I, was wounded during the engagement, and soon after died. He is spoken of by Lieut.-Colonel Moore as being one of the most promising young officers in the regiment.
On the 5th of February, 1865, the regiment was again in battle at Hatcher s Run, Va., and sustained the loss of Lieutenant Franklin Bartlett killed and five wounded.
As a closing scene in the drama, the regiment was present at the battles of High Bridge and Farmville, Va., and were also present at the surrender of the insurgent army under General Robert E. Lee, thus being permitted to see the desired end accomplished for which they had so loyally struggled.
On the 31st of May, 1865, the brave Fourteenth Connecticut was mustered out of the United States service, leaving a record of which they may well be proud.
Since the organization of the regiment, six hundred and ninety-seven (697) substitutes and volunteer recruits have been added to its ranks, making, with the original one thousand and fifteen (1,015), a total of one thousand, seven hundred and twenty-six (1,726) who have served under its banner. At the date of muster-out, it mustered two hundred and thirty-four (234) officers and men present and absent.
It has taken part in the following ENGAGEMENTS.
Antietam, Md., September 17, 1862. Loss in killed, 2
commissioned officers, and 19 enlisted men ; wounded, 2 commissioned officers,
and 86 enlisted men; missing, 28 enlisted men. Total loss, 137.
Fredericksburg, Va., December 13, 1862. Loss in killed, 1 commissioned officer, 9 enlisted men ; wounded, 10 commissioned officers, 82 enlisted men ; missing, 20 enlisted men. Total loss, 122.
Killed in action, 132
Died of wounds, - - - 65
Died of disease, 169
Discharged prior to muster-out of regiment, - 416
Missing at muster-out of regiment, - 6
Reference: Connecticut Volunteer Organizations,(Infantry, Cavalry and Artillery) in the Service of the United States 1861-1865, with additional enlistments, casualties, etc, etc, and Brief Summaries, Showing the operations and service of the several regiments and batteries. Prepared from records in the Adjutant-General's Office.
C.M. INGERSOL, Adjutant-general.