16th Regiment Infantry

The monument at Antietam to the 16th Connecticut Volunteer Infantry Regiment is about 150 yards east of Branch Avenue on the Otto farm.

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Organized at Hartford August 24, 1862. Moved to Washington, D.C., August 29-31. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 7th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to July, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Getty's Division, Portsmouth, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to January, 1864. District of Albemarle, N. C., Dept. Virginia and North Carolina, to April, 1864. Defenses of Newberne, N. C, Dept. Virginia and North Carolina, to January, 1865. Roanoke Island, N. C., Dept. North Carolina, to June, 1865.

SERVICE.--Maryland Campaign September-October, 1862. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Duty in Pleasant Valley, Md., October 27. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 27-November 17. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. Burnside's 2nd Campaign, "Mud March," January 20-24, 1863. Moved to Newport News February 6-9, thence to Suffolk March 13. Siege of Suffolk April 12-May 4. Edenton Road April 24. Providence Church Road and Nansemond River May 3. Siege of Suffolk raised May 4. Reconnaissance to the Chickahominy June 9-17. Dix's Peninsula Campaign June 24-July 7. Expedition from White House to South Anna River July 1-7. Moved to Portsmouth, Va. Duty there and at Norfolk January, 1864. Skirmish at Harrellsville January 20 (Detachment). Moved to Morehead City, thence to Newberne and Plymouth January 24-28. Skirmish at Windsor January 30. Duty at Newberne February 2 to March 20, and at Plymouth, N. C., April. Siege of Plymouth April 17-20. Captured April 20, and prisoners of war March, 1865. Those not captured on duty at Newberne and Roanoke Island, N. C., June, 1865. Mustered out June 24, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 76 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 240 Enlisted men by disease. Total 325.

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The Sixteenth Regiment Connecticut Volunteers was recruited in Hartford County in the month of August, 1862.

The regiment, under command of Colonel Frank Beach, left for Washington, D. C., on the 29th of August, 1862.

Without having time allowed to learn even the rudiments of military science, it was hurried forward and was in regimental line for the first time on the battle field of Antietam. Although thus suddenly thrown into the vortex of battle, the men preserved a coolness and displayed a courage highly creditable, and sufficiently well attested by the severe loss which they sustained.

Among the wounded in this battle were Lieut.-Colonel Frank Cheney, and Major George A. Washburn, both of whom, in consequence of the severity of their wounds, were compelled to resign their commissions.

Colonel Beach, in his report dated Sept. 19, 1862, remarks that "the enemy commenced shelling us at daylight, and we were kept under a heavy artillery fire at intervals during the day, until about 5 o clock, when we were brought against the extreme right of the rebel infantry." That the Sixteenth did nobly, is the verdict of all who witnessed its heroism on the battle field of Antietam. Its aggregate loss in killed and wounded was one hundred and eighty-five (185).

The following extract from the report of Adjutant John H. Burnham, will explain the position of the regiment at Fredericksburg, Va., during the battle December 12th, 13th, and 14th, 1862.

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"I have the honor to report that in the recent operations at Fredericksburg, the 16th

Regiment, though several times under fire, was not actively engaged with the enemy, and

met with but slight loss one man Isaac Hamilton, of Co. I, slightly wounded by the concussion of a solid shot, since recovered, George Creighton, Co. G, missing."

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The Sixteenth was with the other regiments of the Connecticut Brigade at Suffolk, Va., during the investment of that place by the enemy.

On the 24th of April, 1863, the regiment took part in the reconnoissance on the Edenton Road, and after a slight skirmish with the enemy, in which it took five prisoners, returned to the defences. It lost in killed one enlisted man, wounded seven enlisted men. Again on the 3d of May, it participated in the battle of Providence Church Road, occupying the extreme right of the line, and sustained a total loss of ten (10) in killed and wounded.

On the 16th of June it moved to Portsmouth, and on the 22d of that month was engaged in the expedition of General Dix up the Peninsula. It did not encounter the enemy, but the marching was reported the most severe of any campaign in which the regiment had engaged.

On the 14th of July it returned to Portsmouth, and there remained until the 21st of January, engaged in building fortifications and performing picket duty. At the latter date it embarked for Plymouth, N. C. On the 17th of April, 1864, the enemy attacked Plymouth, and continued the assault until the 20th, when the town and all but one fort of the defences having fallen into the hands of the enemy, the place was surrendered by the General commanding. Nearly the whole regiment was captured, and many of its members perished in the rebel prisons at Andersonville, Charleston and Florence. The paroling of prisoners of war began in November, 1864, and continued during the winter ; those who had survived the long months of imprisonment were paroled, and after being formally exchanged, joined their regiment at Newbern, N. C., in April and May, 1865. Company "H" was not with the regiment at the surrender of Plymouth, and consequently escaped capture.

This company, with about twenty-five members of other companies, not taken prisoners, were stationed at Roanoke Island, N. C., where they remained until March 4, 1865, when they were ordered to Newbern, N. C. On the 24th of June, 1865, the Sixteenth was mustered out of the service of the United States.

Colonel Burnham, in his report dated the 10th of August, 1864, speaks of the services of his regiment as follows: "While I have reason to express my satisfaction with the conduct of my entire command, I deem it but just to mention Captain Burke, Lieutenant Landon, and Lieutenant Clapp, my Adjutant, as coming under my immediate observation in the performance of especial gallantry."

The regiment participated in the following ENGAGEMENTS.

Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862. Loss in killed, 5 commissioned officers, 38 enlisted men; wounded, 8 commissioned officers, 134 enlisted men. Total loss, 185.
Fredericksburg, Via., Dec. 12, 13, and 14, 1862. Loss in wounded, 1 enlisted man; missing, 1 enlisted man. Total loss, 2.
Edenton Road, Va., April 24, 1863. Loss in killed, 1 enlisted man; wounded, 7 enlisted men. Total loss, 8.
Providence Church Road, Va.,
May 3, 1863. Loss in killed, 2 enlisted men ; wounded,
2 commissioned officers, 6 enlisted men. Total loss, 10.
Plymouth, N. C., April 20, 1864. Loss in killed, 1 enlisted man; wounded, 1 commissioned officer, 11 enlisted men; captured, 23 commissioned officers, 400 enlisted men. Total loss, 436.

CASUALTIES.

Killed in action, 46
Died of wounds, - - 24
Died of disease, - - 224
Discharged prior to muster-out of regiment, - 386
Missing at muster-out of regiment, - 27

Total: ----707

Reference: Connecticut Volunteer Organizations, (Infantry, Cavalry and Artillery) in the Service of the United States 1861-1865, with additional enlistments, casualties, etc, etc, and Brief Summaries, Showing the operations and service of the several regiments and batteries. Prepared from records in the Adjutant-General's Office.

C. M. INGERSOL, Adjutant-general.
HARTFORD: Brown and Gross, 1869