Field & Staff---NCO Staff
Organized at Norwich August 22, 1862. Left State for Baltimore, Md., August 22. Attached to Defenses of Baltimore, Md., 8th Corps, Middle Dept., to January, 1863. 2nd Separate Brigade, 8th Corps, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 8th Army Corps, to June, 1863. Unattached, Scammon's Division, Dept. West Virginia, to December, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, West Virginia, to July, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, West Virginia, to October, 1864. New Haven, Conn., to November, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1865. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, West Virginia, to June, 1865.
SERVICE.--Duty at Forts McHenry and Marshall, Defenses of Baltimore, May, 1863. Moved to Winchester, Va., and Joined Milroy's Command May 22. Battle of Winchester June 13-15. Mostly captured June 15. Paroled July 2 and exchanged October 1, 1863. Moved to Martinsburg, Va., to join those not captured. Provost duty at Hagerstown, Md., September 30, and at Martinsburg March, 1864. At Bolivar Heights March 7-28. Reconnaissance toward Snicker's Gap March 16-18. On furlough March 28-April 9. Sigel's Expedition from Martinsburg to New Market April 29-May 17. Battle of New Market May 15. Hunter's Expedition to Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Advance on Staunton May 26-June 5. Action at Piedmont, Mount Crawford, June 5. Occupation of Staunton June 6. Lynchburg June 17-18. Moved to Camp Piatt, thence to Parkersburg, Cumberland, Md., Martinsburg, Harper's Ferry and Snicker's Ford July 1-18. Snicker's Ferry July 18. Battle of Kernstown, Winchester, July 24. Martinsburg July 25. At Charlestown, W. Va., October, and at Martinsburg October 1-29. Moved to New Haven, Conn., and duty at Conscript Camp November 11. Moved to Martinsburg, W. Va., November 11-13, thence to Halltown November 23, and duty there March, 1865, and at Martinsburg June. Mustered out at Harper's Ferry, W. Va., June 27, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 67 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 80 Enlisted men by disease. Total 152.
TheEighteenth Regiment Connecticut Volunteers was organized in August, 1862, and was recruited from New London and Windham counties, and rendezvoused at Norwich, Conn. It was commanded by Colonel William G. Ely, who was previously connected with the Second and Sixth Regiments Conn. Vols. It left for Washington, August 22d, being the first Regiment to leave the State under the call of the President for 300,000 volunteers in the summer of 1862, and was assigned to the Army of the Potomac.
It performed guard and garrison duty at Baltimore, Md., untilMay 22, 1863, when it was ordered to the District of West Virginia.
On the 13th, 14th, and 15th of June, it took an active part in the battle of Winchester, Va., and a large proportion of the officers and men were taken prisoners.
Major Peale, in his report of the battle of Winchester, dated Nov. 10, 1863, remarks "that the history of the regiment fromMay 25th, to the commencement of the action, may be embraced in two words, reconnoisance and picket duty; Winchester being an exposed point, with few advantages of defense, and open to sudden attacks, a large force was required for such purposes, and the regiment had little rest." During the night of the 15th the order was given for the silent evacuation of Winchester.
The 1st and 2d Brigades commenced the retreat under cover of the darkness, but were intercepted by a superior force of the enemy, and at once became engaged; after two charges by the brigades, they were so badly broken that reorganization was impracticable. This regiment was re-formed with great difficulty, and charged the third time alone, but was immediately repulsed, with a loss of some thirty (30) killed and wounded. In the charge Captain Porter was killed and Captains Bates and Bowen severely wounded. Colonel Ely and Lieut.-Colonel Nichols, being dismounted, were captured, while Major Peale, with about thirty (30) men succeeded in making their escape in a body. Company D" alone escaped intact, having been detailed a Provost Guard of Winchester, it left that place with the 3d Brigade in charge of some prisoners.
The total loss in this engagement was five hundred and sixty-seven (567). Most of the captured were soon paroled and exchanged, and returned to their regiment, which occupied a position near Harper s Ferry, Va.
Nothing of particular interest transpired until the 26th of April, when the regiment, not including Co. I, was ordered to march to Martinsburg, Va., and join a large force which was being collected there by General Sigel, preparatory to a movement up the Shenandoah Valley.
Onthe 15th of May, 1864, it participated in the engagement with the enemy at New Market, Va., but were compelled to retreat by reason of the superior strength of the enemy; it sustained a total loss of fifty-six (56) in killed, wounded and missing. After a few days of recuperation and reorganization, it was again on the march, and on the 5th of June participated in the battle of Piedmont, Va. Major Peale reports that on nearing the main lines of the enemy the regiment was subjected to continuous vollies of musketry which, though considerably depleting their ranks, did not cause their line to waver in the least. After hours of severe fighting the enemy was totally routed, and nearly fifteen hundred (1500) of their number captured, not including the wounded. The day s engagement resulted in a loss to the regiment of one hundred and twenty-two (122) killed and wounded. Among the killed were Adjutant Culver and Lieutenant McGinnis.
June 18th the regiment again encountered the enemy at Lynchburg, Va., and sustained a loss of nine (9) men. The enemy having been largely re-enforced, the command was compelled to fall back, which was commenced on the night of the 18th, during which it marched rapidly, closely followed by the enemy s cavalry, to Liberty, Va., thence to Salem; from thence across seven ranges of mountains to Newcastle; thence to Meadow Bluff; thence to Camp Pialt, West Va., on the Kanawha river, arriving on the 3d of July.On this march the sufferings of the men were intense, many having fallen from exhaustion and hunger, were made prisoners by the enemy.
On the 18th of July, 1864, after fording the Shenandoah river, the regiment participated in an engagement with the rebels which invaded Maryland and Pennsylvania during the early part of July, in which engagement it acted well its part and suffered severely, sustaining a loss in killed and wounded of thirty-two (32) officers and men. The enemy out numbering the Union forces, the command was obliged to recross the river, but on the 24th of July again crossed and attacked the enemy at Winchester, loss not reported.
After a long series of marches, the regiment arrived with the entire command at Berryville, Va., and on the 3d of September were engaged at that place with the enemy ; fortunately the loss was small, only two (2) men wounded.
This closed the list of general engagements in which the Eighteenth took part. It continued to serve in the District of West Virginia until its final muster-out, June 27th, 1865, at Harper's Ferry, Va.
The muster-out rolls of the regiment bear the names of nearly twelve hundred (1200) officers and men.
The Eighteenth participated in the following ENGAGEMENTS.
Winchester, Va., June 13, 14, and 15, 1863. Loss in killed, 1 commissioned officer, 20 enlisted men ; wounded and captured, 4 commissioned officers, 31 enlisted men; wounded, not captured, 1 enlisted man ; captured, uninjured, 21 commissioned officers, 487 enlisted men; missing, 2 enlisted men. Total loss, 567. (Most of the captured were very soon paroled and exchanged).
The regiment has suffered the following CASUALTIES.
Killed in action, - 52
Died of wounds, - - 14
Died of disease, - 72
Discharged prior to muster-out of regiment, - - 323
Missing at muster-out of regiment, - 12
Reference: Connecticut Volunteer Organizations,(Infantry, Cavalry and Artillery) in the Service of the United States 1861-1865, with additional enlistments, casualties, etc, etc, and Brief Summaries, Showing the operations and service of the several regiments and batteries. Prepared from records in the Adjutant-General's Office.
C.M. INGERSOL, Adjutant-general.