27th Regiment Infantry

(Click on picture for a larger one)

Brooke Avenue, Rose Grove

Front Left:

27th Conn. Vol's
4th Brigade
1st Division
2nd Corps.

Front Right:

Advanced position of this regiment in the Brigade charge July 2nd 1863.

27th Conn. Infantry

Rear

Erected by the Commonwealth of Connecticut
as a memorial to the valor of her loyal sons.

Located off Ayers Avenue in the Wheatfield

27th
Conn.

Erected 188
5.

The 27th Regt. Conn. Vols.
commanded by
Lieut. Colonel Henry C. Merwin,
and forming a part of the
4th Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Corps
charged over this ground, the afternoon of
July 2, 1863.
The 4th Brigade forced the enemy from the
Wheat Field and beyond the woods in front
where the advanced position of the 27th Regt.
is indicated by a tablet on the crest of
the ledge.
On this spot Lieut. Col. Merwin was killed
while gallantly leading his command of
75 officers and men. 38 of whom were killed
or wounded in the charge. Eight companies of the
Regt. captured at Chancellorsvile were still
prisoners of war.
Capt. Jedediah Chapman Jr. was also killed in the
charge while commanding a company organized from
detached members of the eight companies taken
prisoners at Chancellorsville.
The 27th Regt. Conn. Vols.
was recruited an organized
in New Haven County State
of Connecticut.

Roster

Field & Staff---NCO Staff

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Organized at New Haven October, 1862. Left State for Washington, D.C., October 22. Attached to Military District of Washington to November, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to April, 1863. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, to July, 1863.

SERVICE.--Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., until November 7, 1862. Advance to Falmouth, Va., November 7-19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth until April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Mustered out July 27, 1863.

Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 42 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 22 Enlisted men by disease. Total 68.

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The Twenty-seventh Regiment was organized in September, 1862, was recruited wholly from New Haven county, and was composed of some of the finest and best educated young men resident in the county. The regiment was commanded by Colonel Richard S. Bostwick. It received marching orders Oct. 22, 1862, left its camp at New Haven, and proceeded to Washington, with eight hundred and twenty-nine (829) men.

It was assigned to the Army of the Potomac, and on the 13th of December, 1862, participated in the battle of Fredericksburg. Fortunately 230 privates, 18 corporals, 9 sergeants, 5 lieutenants, and 2 captains were detailed for picket duty at Falmouth, and were not relieved in time to participate in the battle with the regiment; otherwise its loss would have been much more severe. Colonel Bostwick, in his report of the battle, dated Dec. 18, 1862, remarks: "Without any attempt to flatter a regiment which I have the honor to command, I can justly say that both officers and men behaved exceedingly well, doing nobly, without flinching, under a severe and galling fire from the enemy, of which the list of killed and wounded is a criterion."

The regiment sustained a total loss of one hundred and five (105) officers and men, killed and wounded, and three (3) enlisted men missing. After the battle of Fredericksburg, the regiment was engaged in the usual picket duty and skirmishing incident to army life, and on the 3d of May, 1863, was engaged with the enemy in the sanguinary battle of Chancellorsville, Va., sustaining an aggregate loss of two hundred and ninety-two (292) officers and men, the most of whom were captured. The captured were soon exchanged, and the regiment continued its active life on picket and in the skirmish until the 1st of July, when it proceeded to Gettysburg, Pa., and on the 2d and 3d was engaged in the battle at that place. Its aggregate loss in this engagement was thirty-nine (39) killed, wounded and missing.

It is to be regretted that no reports of the part taken by the regiment in the last two battles were ever received by the Adjutant General. Before the regiment left the army, the following order was issued by the commanding officer of the brigade to which it was attached.

                                    HEAD-QUARTERS 4th BRIG. 1ST Div. 2d CORPS,

                                          CAMP IN PLEASANT VALLEY, VA., July 17, 1863.

GENERAL ORDERS No. 9.

The term of service of the 27th Connecticut Volunteers having nearly expired, it has been relieved from further duty, and ordered to report at its place of enrollment.

The Colonel commanding the Brigade desires, in parting with the officers and men of the 27th Connecticut, to convey to them his sincere feelings of regret at losing their services, while he at the same time, thanks them for the obedience and faithfulness which has been a marked feature of the regiment.

Knowing it intimately for so many months of active and arduous service, having been an eye witness of its many deeds of gallantry, and of the noble devotion displayed by it on many a memorable day during the time in which he had flie honor to command its services he feels it a duty he owes not only to the living heroes, but to the memory of those who have fallen on the field in battling in our righteous cause, to bear testimony to the valor and gallantry it has always displayed. Side by side with the veterans of the Army of the Potomac it has fought, and by the gallantry of its conduct won for itself an enviable name and reputation, and which may well, in after years, cause all who belong to it to feel a pardonable pride in having it to say that they served in the 27th Connecticut.

                                        By order of COLONEL BROOKS,

                                               CHARLES P. HATCH,

                                                     Lieutenant and A. A. A. General.

The regiment was mustered out at New Haven, July 27, 18G3, upon the expiration of term of service.

After having fought side by side with the veterans under Generals Burnside, Hooker, and Mead, the regiment was mustered-out of service on the 27th of July, 1863.

The following were its ENGAGEMENTS.

Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862. Loss in killed, 1 commissioned officer, 15 enlisted men; wounded, 5 commissioned officers, 84 enlisted men ; missing, 3 enlisted men. Total loss, 108.
Chancellorsville, Va.,
May 3, 1863. Loss in killed, 2 enlisted men ; wounded, 1 commissioned officer, 6 enlisted men ; captured, 18 commissioned officers, and 265 enlisted men. (The captured were soon exchanged.) Total loss, 292.
Gettysburg, Pa., July 2d and 3d, 1863. Loss in killed, 2 commissioned officers, 8 enlisted men ; wounded, 4 commissioned officers, 20 enlisted men ; missing, 5 enlisted men. Total loss, 39.

CASUALTIES.

Killed in action, --- 28
Died of wounds, - - - - - 17
Died of disease, 22
Discharged prior to muster-out of regiment, ---- 82

Total----149

Reference: Connecticut Volunteer Organizations, (Infantry, Cavalry and Artillery) in the Service of the United States 1861-1865, with additional enlistments, casualties, etc, etc, and Brief Summaries, Showing the operations and service of the several regiments and batteries. Prepared from records in the Adjutant-General's Office.

C. M. INGERSOL, Adjutant-general.
HARTFORD: Brown and Gross, 1869