29th Regiment Infantry Colored

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Organized at Fair Haven and mustered in March 8, 1864. Left State for Annapolis, Md., March 19. Moved to Beaufort, S.C., April 8-13, and duty there until August 8. Attached to District of Beaufort, Dept. of the South, April to August, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 10th Army Corps, Army of the James, Dept. Virginia and North Carolina, to December, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 25th Army Corps, to January, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Army Corps, to April, 1865, District of St. Marys, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington, to May, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Army Corps, Dept. of Texas, to October, 1865.

SERVICE.--Moved from Beaufort, S.C., to Bermuda Hundred, Va., August 8-13, 1864. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond August 13, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Demonstration on North Side of the James August 13-20, 1864. Deep Bottom, Strawberry Plains, August 14-18. Duty in the trenches before Petersburg August 25-September 24. New Market Heights and Fort Harrison September 28-29. Chaffin's Farm September 29-30. Darbytown Road October 13. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28. Duty in trenches before Richmond until April, 1865. Occupation of Richmond April 3. (First Infantry Regiment to enter city.) Moved to City Point April 18, thence to Point Lookout, Md., and duty there guarding prisoners until May 28. Moved to City Point May 28-30, thence sailed for Texas June 10, arriving at Brazos, Santiago, July 3. March to Brownsville and duty there until October. Mustered out October 24, 1865. At New Orleans October 27-November 11. Honorably discharged at New Haven, Conn., November 25, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 44 Enlisted men killed and mortally Wounded and 1 Officer and 152 Enlisted men by disease. Total 198.

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RECRUITING for this regiment commenced early in the fall of 1863, and by the latter part of January, 1864, the maximum number had been enlisted. During its organization the regiment was stationed at Fair Haven, Conn. It was formally mustered into the service of the United States on the 8th of March, 1864. On the 12th of March, Colonel William B. Wooster, formerly of the 20th C. V., reported to the regiment, and soon after assumed command. On the 20th of March it left New Haven harbor, on board transport, and after a pleasant voyage, disembarked at Annapolis, Md.

The regiment up to this time had been unarmed, but were here supplied with a full complement of the best Springfield rifle muskets. It was assigned to the Ninth Corps, then assembling at Annapolis, and on the ninth of April left Annapolis for Hilton Head, S. C., thence to Beaufort, S. C., where it disembarked on the 13th. After receiving a few months instruction, the regiment was ordered to Virginia, and on the 8th of August left Beaufort for Bermuda Hundred, Va., where it disembarked on the 14th of the same month. It was immediately ordered out on reconnoissance, and was reported to have acted in this, its first engagement with the enemy, in a highly creditable manner.

On the 24th of August the Tenth Corps, to which the regiment was attached, relieved the Eighteenth Corps in front of Petersburg, and the regiment continued in the trenches until the 24th of September, when it was ordered to the rear for rest and the replenishing of its scanty wardrobe, the men being ragged and shoeless. After a few days of rest, it was again in motion, and was continually engaged in reconnoissance and skirmishes, until the 19th of November, when it was ordered to garrison certain detached forts on the New Market road, which were considered of great importance on account of their relation to the whole line north of the James. That this regiment was sent to hold them, was no mean tribute to its valor and efficiency.

It remained here until Dec. 5th, when it removed to the left of Fort Harrison, forming a part of the 2d Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Army Corps. The regiment continued in this position during the balance of the winter, picketing, drilling, building forts, and making roads, preparatory to the spring campaign.

Prior to March, 1865, the regiment had sustained a loss of one hundred and forty-three (143) in killed, wounded and missing.

In March, 1865, the regiment was stationed in Fort Harrison, one of the most important positions in the whole line. On Saturday and Sunday, April 1st and 2d, the fighting on the left had been terrific and generally in favor of the Union troops. The. regiment was ordered to observe with great care the movements of the enemy in its immediate front and on Saturday, the 2d of April, at sunset, witnessed the last rebel dress parade in Virginia, from the magazine of Fort Harrison. Early on Monday morning, April 3d, the picket fires of the enemy began to wane, and an ominous silence prevailed within the lines; in a short time deserters began to come within the Union lines, and in a little while the regiment witnessed the barracks of Fort Darling in flames, while tremendous explosions followed each other in rapid succession. The earliest dawn revealed the deserted lines of the enemy, with guns spiked and tents standing. The regiment was at once ordered to advance, but cautiously. The troops jumped over the breastworks, and avoiding the torpedoes, filed through the rebel abbatis, and the race for Richmond began. Lieut. Colonel Torrance reports that companies G and C of the Twenty-ninth were, without doubt, the first companies of infantry to enter the city.

The regiment remained in Richmond a few days, and was then ordered to Petersburg, thence to Point Lookout, Md., where it remained until June 10th, when it embarked with the 25th Corps, for Texas, arriving at Brazos De Santiago, July 3d, 1865. From Brazos it marched to Brownsville, on the Rio Grande, where it continued until ordered to Hartford, Conn., for muster-out. The regiment was discharged and paid at Hartford on the 25th day November, 1865.

The following is the list of battles and casualties: ENGAGEMENTS.

Near Petersburg, Va., from August 13th to September 24th, 1864. Loss in killed, 3 enlisted men ; wounded, 15 enlisted men ; taken prisoner, 1 com d officer. Total loss, 19.
Advance on Richmond, Va., September 29th to October 1st, 1864. Loss in killed, 1 enlisted man ; wounded, 4 commissioned officers, 21 enlisted men. Total loss, 26.
Darbytown Road, Va., October 13th, 1864. Loss in killed, 4 enlisted men; wounded, 1 commissioned officer, 13 enlisted men. Total loss, 18.
Kell House, Va., Oct. 27th and 28th, 1864. Loss in killed, 11 enlisted men; wounded, 1 commissioned officer, 68 enlisted men. Total loss, 80.

CASUALTIES.

Killed in action, 23
Died of wounds, -
--- 22
Died of disease, ---- 153
Discharged prior to muster-out of regiment, 135

Total----333

Reference: Connecticut Volunteer Organizations, (Infantry, Cavalry and Artillery) in the Service of the United States 1861-1865, with additional enlistments, casualties, etc, etc, and Brief Summaries, Showing the operations and service of the several regiments and batteries. Prepared from records in the Adjutant-General's Office.

C. M. INGERSOL, Adjutant-general.
HARTFORD: Brown and Gross, 1869