(Click on picture for a larger one)
Slocum Avenue, South Culp's Hill. Gettysburg
Field & Staff---NCO Staff---Band
Organized at Hartford July 26, 1861. Left State for Baltimore, Md., July 29, thence moved to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., July 30, and duty there till August 16. Attached to George H. Thomas' Brigade, Banks' Division, to October, 1861. Gordon's Brigade, Banks' Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Banks' 5th Army Corps, and Dept. of the Shenandoah to June, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Cumberland to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 20th Army Corps to June, 1865. 2nd Brigade, Bartlett's Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington to July, 1865.
The Fifth Regiment Connecticut Volunteers was organized in June, 1861, and was originally recruited for what was termed "Colt s Rifle Regiment"; but owing to some misunderstanding, it was deemed advisable to disband it, when the men were organized into the Fifth Regiment of Infantry, under the command of Col. Orris S. Ferry.
It left for the seat of war July 29th, 1861. On the 17th of March, 1862, Col. Ferry was promoted to be Brigadier General, and Lieut. Col. Geo. D. Chapman to be Colonel. Under Col. Chapman the regiment saw much active service, and performed more exhausting marches than almost any other regiment from Connecticut, having marched more than fifteen hundred miles, at one time marching for twenty-nine consecutive days, and in one day the unusual distance of forty-five miles.
On leaving the State it had orders to report to Major General Banks, then at Harper's Ferry, commanding what was termed the "Department of the Shenandoah." March 1st, 1862, it crossed the Potomac at Williamsport, Md., drove the enemy from Winchester, and occupied the place, but on the 24th of May, after a well fought battle, was obliged to recross the Potomac, together with the entire army. The conduct of the Fifth Connecticut Regiment at that time, especially during the retreat of the main army, is mentioned in the reports of the Brigade and Division commanders as deserving the highest praise.
The regiment again went into battle at Cedar Mountain on the 9th of August, with eight companies, numbering about four hundred (400) men, and fought most gallantly, every officer that entered the fight, but three, being either killed, wounded or taken prisoner. It formed a part of the reserve force in the battle near Washington, and was with Gen. Pope through all his campaigns in Virginia.
The regiment was also with General McClellan when that General moved into Maryland. The day before the battle of South Mountain it was detached in Frederick City for Provost duty, and there remained for nearly three months. Again on the 1st, 2d and 3d of May, the Fifth was called upon to participate in the battle of Chancellorsville, and acquitted itself most creditably. July 1st, 2d and 3d occurred the memorable battle of Gettysburg, in which the regiment took an active part, although, from the peculiar disposition of its forces, the casualties were less than in any former battle three wounded and five missing.
In December, 1863, the regiment was transferred to the "Department of the Cumberland," and shortly afterwards accompanied General Sherman in his grand march through the States of Georgia and the Carolinas. About the time of the transfer of the regiment, two hundred and eighty (280) of the original members re-enlisted as veterans, and the whole number of men who served in the regiment was two thousand and sixty-one (2,061).
On the 15th of May, 1864, it participated in the battle ofResaca, Ga., losing in killed and wounded fifty-one (51) officers and men. Again on the 25th of the same month it was engaged in the battle of Dallas, Ga. The regiment also bore a part in the succeeding battles of Marietta, Peach Tree Creek, and Atlanta, Ga., Chesterfield Court House, S. C., and the battle of Silver Run, N. C., which was its last engagement with the enemy. Its loss in this battle was twenty-four (24) men in killed, wounded and missing.
On the 19th of July, 1865, the regiment was mustered out of service, leaving behind them a record for valor of which Connecticut may well be proud.
It participated in eleven general ENGAGEMENTS.
Winchester, Va.,May 25th, 1862. Total loss, 88
The following is the aggregate number of CASUALTIES.
Killed in action, - - - - 73
Died of wounds, - - 29
Died of disease, - - 81Discharged prior to muster-out of regiment, - 600
SERVICE.--Guard and outpost duty on the Upper Potomac till February, 1862. Operations near Edward's Ferry October 20-24, 1861. Operations about Dams Nos. 4 and 5 December 17-20. Advance on Winchester March 1-12, 1862. Near Winchester March 5. Occupation of Winchester March 12. Ordered to Manassas, Va., March 18, returning to Winchester March 19. Pursuit of Jackson March 24-April 27. Columbia Furnace April 17. At Strasburg till May 20. Retreat to Winchester May 20-25. Action at Front Royal May 23. Middletown May 24. Battle of Winchester May 24-25. Retreat to Martinsburg and Williamsport May 25-June 6. At Williamsport till June 10. Moved to Front Royal June 10-18. Reconnaissance to Luray June 29-30. Moved to Warrenton, Gordonsville and Culpeper, July, Reconnaissance to Raccoon Ford July 28 (Co. "I"). Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 6-September 2. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Battle of Bull Run August 29-30. Moved to Washington, D.C., thence to Frederick, Md., September 2-12. Duty at Frederick till December 10. March to Fairfax Station December 10-14, and duty there till January 19, 1863. Moved to Stafford C. H. January 19-23, and duty there till April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Funkstown, Md., July 12. Snicker's Gap, Va., July 21. Near Raccoon Ford, Va., till September 24. March to Brandy Station, thence to Bealeton and movement to Stevenson, Ala., September 24-October 3. Guard duty along Nashville and Chattanooga R. R. at Cowan and Cumberland Tunnel till April, 1864. Atlanta Campaign May to September. Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge May 8-11. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Cassville May 19. New Hope Church May 25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 26-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kennesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Mountain June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Gilgal or Golgotha Church June 15. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Kolb's Farm June 22. Assault on Kennesaw June 27. Ruff's Station, Smyrna Camp Ground July 4. Chattahoochee River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Allatoona August 16. Operations at Chattahoochee River Bridge August 26-September 2. Occupation of Atlanta September 2-November 15. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Montieth Swamp December 9. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Thompson's Creek, near Chesterfield, S.C., March 2. Near Cheraw March 3. Averysboro, N. C., March 16. Battle of Bentonville March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 9-13. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand review May 24. Mustered out (old members July 22, 1864) July 19, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 104 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 82 Enlisted men by disease. Total 193.