Field & Staff---NCO Staff--Band
THESixth Regiment Connecticut Volunteers was organized in August, 1861, under the auspices of Colonel John L. Chatfield, who was transferred from the 3rd Regiment. It left New Haven, Conn., for Washington, D. C., September 17th, 1861; its numerical strength being one thousand and eight (1008) men.
The Regiment being assigned to the Department of the South, it was connected with the expedition which resulted in the battle of James Island, June 14th, 1862, and was engaged in the battle of Pocotaligo, October 22d, 1862, in which it lost thirty-three (33) men in killed and wounded ; among the latter, were Colonel Chatfield and Lieut. Colonel Speidel, both severely. The regiment continued in the Department of the South during the year 1863, and participated with the army under General Gilmore, in the attack upon the fortifications around Charleston, S. C.
It is reported, by the commanding General, as having exhibited great efficiency and bravery in the assault upon the batteries on Morris Island, July 10th, and 18th, 1863. In the second assault on Fort Wagner, Colonel John L. Chatfield, while bravely leading his men to the charge was severely wounded, and carried from the field; he returned to his home in Waterbury, and died on the 9th day of August, 1863. It may well be said of him that a brave man has gone to his reward.
On the 27th of October, Colonel Redfield Duryee was promoted to be Colonel, and on the 29th of May, 1864, was compelled by protracted ill health, the result of exhaustive service and exposure, to resign.He was succeeded by Colonel Alfred P. Rockwell, who was mustered out, February 9th, 1865, his term of service having expired.
Onthe 27th of April, 1864, the regiment embarked at Hilton Head, S. C., on board the steamer Northern Light, for Fort Monroe, Va; where it arrived on the 1st of May, and immediately proceeded to Gloucester Point, disembarked, and was assigned to the 2d Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps. It at once advanced to Bermuda Hundred, and on the 6th, proceeded into the interior where it was engaged in reconnoissance, destruction of the enemy's railroads, and harassing their forces.
Onthe 13th, the regiment was temporarily assigned to Colonel Alford's brigade, General Turner's division, 10th army corps, and ordered to the skirmish line, where it remained until the 16th, being continually under fire from the enemy s pickets. On the 20th, having been attached to Colonel Howell s brigade, 1st division, 10th army corps, the regiment was engaged in the charge upon and capture of the enemy s line of rifle pits.
From this time until January, 1865, it continued its operations in Southeast Virginia, and took part in several engagements before Petersburg and Richmond.
In January it was ordered to embark for Wilmington, N. C., and on the 15th of January participated in the battle and capture of Fort Fisher.
On the 21st of August, 1865, the Sixth was mustered out of the service of the United States, and received their final pay atNew Haven, Ct.
In December, 18G3, two hundred and five (205) of its original members, re-enlisted as veterans, and during its term of service, more than six hundred (600) recruits were credited to it; these with the one thousand and eight (1008) who went into the field originally, make an aggregate of one thousand eight hundred and thirteen (1813) men who have served with the regiment.
The following are its principal ENGAGEMENTS.
Pocotaligo, S. C., October 22d, 1862. Total loss, 38
Mortis Island, S. C., July 10th, 1863. Total loss, 12
Fort Wagner, S. 0., July 18th, 1863. Total loss, 137
Chester Station, Va.,
Fort Fisher, January 15th, 1865, loss not reported. CASUALTIES.
Killed in action, - 43
Died of wounds, - 46
Died of disease, - 119
Discharged prior to muster-out of regiment, - - 663
Missing at date of muster out of regiment - 23
SERVICE.--Sherman's Expedition to Port Royal, S.C., October 21-November 7, 1861. Capture of Forts Walker and Beauregard, Port Royal Harbor, November 7. Reconnaissance on Hilton Head Island November 8. Expedition to Braddock's Point November 10-11. Duty at Hilton Head, S.C., till January 20. Expedition to Warsaw Sound January 20-February 27. Duty at Hilton Head till March 20. Moved to Dafuskie Island and siege operations against Fort Pulaski, Ga., March 20-April 11. Bombardment and capture of Fort Pulaski April 10-11. Operations on James Island June 1-28. Grimball's Plantation June 10. Battle of Secessionville June 16. Evacuation of James Island and movement to Hilton Head June 28-July 7. Duty there till October. Expedition to Pocotaligo, S.C., October 21-23. Action at Frampton's Plantation, Pocotaligo, October 22. Duty at Beaufort, S.C., till March, 1863, and at Jacksonville, Fla., till April. Moved to Hilton Head, S.C., and duty there till June. Occupation of Folly Island, S.C., June 3-July 10. Attack on Morris Island, S.C., July 10. Assault on Fort Wagner, Morris Island, July 18. Moved to Hilton Head, S.C., July 25, and duty there till April, 1864. Moved to Gloucester Point April 27-May 1. Butler's operations on south side of James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4-28. Swift Creek or Arrowfield Church May 9-10. Chester Station May 10. Operations against Fort Darling May 12-16. Proctor's Creek May 13. Battle of Drewry's Bluff May 14-16. At Bermuda Hundred till August 13. Ware Bottom Church May 20. Petersburg June 9. Port Walthal June 16-17. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to January 3, 1865. Ware Bottom Church June 20, 1864. Demonstration on north side of the James August 13-20. Battle of Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Deep Run August 16. In trenches before Petersburg August 25-September 27. Moved to north side of the James September 27-28. Battle of Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30. Darbytown and New Market Roads October 7. Darbytown Road October 13. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28. In front of Richmond October 31-November 2. Detached for duty at New York City during Presidential election of 1864, November 2-17. Duty in trenches before Richmond till January 3, 1865. Second expedition to Fort Fisher, N. C., January 3-15. Assault and capture of Fort Fisher January 15. Half Moon Battery January 19. Sugar Loaf Battery February 11. Fort Anderson February 18. Capture of Wilmington February 22. North East Ferry February 22. Duty at Wilmington, N. C., till June and at Goldsboro till July. Mustered out August 21, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 8 Officers and 99 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 124 Enlisted men by disease. Total 235.
Reference: Connecticut Volunteer Organizations,(Infantry, Cavalry and Artillery) in the Service of the United States 1861-1865, with additional enlistments, casualties, etc, etc, and Brief Summaries, Showing the operations and service of the several regiments and batteries. Prepared from records in the Adjutant-General's Office.
C.M. INGERSOL, Adjutant-general.