7th Regiment Infantry

Roster

Field & Staff--NCO Staff

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B

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I

K
 Unassigned

Organized at New Haven September 13, 1861. Left State for Washington, D.C., September 18, thence moved to Annapolis, Md., October 5. Attached to Wright's 3rd Brigade, Sherman's Expeditionary Corps, to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Dept. of the South to July, 1862. District of Hilton Head, S.C., Dept. of the South to September, 1862. District of Beaufort, S.C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. of the South, to January, 1863. Fernandina, Fla., to April, 1863. District of Hilton Head, S.C., 10th Corps to June, 1863 (Cos. "A," "B," "I," "K"). St. Helena Island, S.C., 10th Army Corps, June, 1863 (Cos. "A," "B," "I," "K"). 2nd Brigade, Folly Island, S.C., 10th Corps (Cos. "A," "B," "I," "K") to July, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Morris Island, S.C., 10th Corps (Cos. "A," "B," "I," "K'), July, 1863. 1st Brigade, Morris Island, S.C., 10th Corps (Cos. "A," "B," "I," "K") to August, 1863. Regiment at St. Augustine, Fla., till August. 3rd Brigade, Morris Island, S. C., 10th Corps to October, 1863. St. Helena Island, S.C., 10th Corps to November, 1863. 1st Brigade, Morris Island, S.C., 10th Corps to December, 1863. St. Helena Island, S.C., 10th Corps to February, 1864. Hawley's Brigade, District of Florida, February, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Ames' Division, District of Florida, to April, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to May, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps to December, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 24th Army Corps to January, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Terry's Provisional Corps, Dept. of North Carolina to March, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to April, 1865. Abbott's Detached Brigade, Dept. of North Carolina, to July, 1865.

The Seventh Regiment Connecticut Volunteers was organized in the summer of 1861, and was composed largely of those who had served in the three months regiments. Col. Alfred H. Terry of the 2d Regiment was transferred to the command of this regiment, and Lieut. Col. Joseph R. Hawley, the second in command, was captain in the 3d Ct. The regiment left the State for Washington on the 18th of September, 1861, numbering ten hundred and eighteen (1018) men. It was in the expedition to Port Royal, and was the first to land and plant their colors on the soil of South Carolina. Upon the receipt of the news the Governor caused a congratulatory order to be issued from the Adjutant- General's office, announcing the fact, and ordered that it be read to each Connecticut regiment in the field.

This regiment was engaged in the battle of Fort Pulaski, April 10th and 11th, 1862. On the 19th of May following, Col. Terry was promoted to be Brigadier General, and Lt. Col. Hawley was promoted to the colonelcy of the regiment.

On the 14th of June the regiment participated in the battle of James Island, and suffered severely, being one of the first to enter the action and one of the last to leave the field. Its loss in this engagement was eighty-three (83) in killed, wounded and missing; among the former, two commissioned officers. In an official report dated June 14th, 1862, Col. Hawley speaks in the highest terms of the gallant and fearless conduct of both officers and men. October 22d, the regiment was again engaged in the battle of Pocotaligo, and met with the loss, in killed and wounded, of twenty-nine (29) men. Subsequently the regiment was divided, and on the 1st of April, 1863, five companies were at Hilton Head under the command of Col. Hawley, and the remainder with Lt. Col. Gardiner, at Fernandina, Fla.

July 10th and 11th, companies "A", "B", "I", and "K" were present and took an active part in the battles of Morris Island and Fort Wagner ; the aggregate loss in the two days fight was one hundred and eleven (111) men. Capt. Gray, in his official report of these battles, dated July 13th, 1863, speaks in the highest terms of the bravery of the officers and men of the detachment. The loss of officers was terribly severe. Capt. Gray mentions the fact that of eleven officers in his mess, but four were left. The Seventh Connecticut Regiment was declared by General Strong "to have covered itself with glory."

From this time until May 4th, 1864, it was engaged in active service, performing the arduous and laborious duties attendant upon a life "in the field". In May it was transferred to Bermuda Hundred, Va., and on the 10th of that month participated in the battle of Chester Station, and from that time until the 17th was engaged with the enemy near Bermuda Hundred, incurring an aggregate loss of one hundred and ninety-six (196) officers and men. On the 2d and 17th of June it was again engaged near Bermuda Hundred, losing one hundred and twenty-four (124) men.

August 14th and 15th was fought the battle of Deep Bottom, Va., and on the 18th that of Deep Run, Va., in both of which battles the Seventh bore a prominent part.

On the 17th of September, 1864, Col. Hawley was promoted to be Brigadier General, and the command devolved upon Lt. Col. Rodman. On the 29th of September the regiment was engaged in the battle of Chapin s Farm, Va. ; on the 1st of October in the battle near Richmond; on the 7th, New Market Road; on the 13th, Darbytown Road, and on the 27th, the battle of Charles City Road, Va. After this brilliant record of battles in Virginia, the regiment was called upon to do battle in another department, and in January, 1865, it was engaged in the capture of Fort Fisher, N. C.

The regiment having fought its last battle, and fully sustained its reputation as a "fighting regiment," was mustered out of the United States service on the 20th of July, 1865. During its service, three hundred and thirty-three (333) of its original members re-enlisted as veterans, and seven hundred and thirty-nine (739) recruits and substitutes joined its ranks; making an aggregate, with the original ten hundred and eighteen (1018), two thousand and ninety (2090) men who served in its ranks.

The regiment participated in the following ENGAGEMENTS.

Fort Palaski, Ga., April 10th and 11th, 1862.
James Island, S. C., June 16th, 1862.
Pocotaligo, S. C., Oct. 22d, 1862.
Morris Island, S. C., July 10th, 1863.
Fort Wagner, S. C., July llth, 1863
Chester Station, Va.,
May 10th, 1864.
Near Bermuda Hundred, Va., from May 10th to May 17th, 1864.
Near Bermuda Hundred, Va., June 2d, 1864.
Near Bermuda Hundred, Va., June 17th, 1864.
Deep Bottom, Va., August 14th and 15th, 1864.
Deep Run, Va., August 18th, 1864.
Chapin s Farm, Va., September 29th, 1864.
Near Richmond, Va., October 1st, 1864.
New
Market Road, Va., October 7th, 1864.
Darbytown Road, Va., October 13th, 1864.
Charles City Road, Va., October 27th, 1864.
Fort Fisher, N. C., January 15th, 1865.
Fort Fisher, N. C., January 19th, 1865.

CASUALTIES.

Killed in action, - - - 90
Died of wounds, 44
Died of disease, - - 179
Discharged prior to muster-out of regiment,--- 587
Missing at date of muster out of regiment--40

TOTAL---940

SERVICE.--Sherman's expedition to Port Royal, S.C., October 21-November 7, 1861. Capture of Forts Beauregard and Walker, Port Royal Harbor, November 7. Duty at Hilton Head, S.C., till December 18. Reconnaissance on Hilton Head Island November 8. Expedition to Braddock's Point November 10-11. Moved to Tybee Island, S.C., December 18 and engaged in fatigue duty building batteries for the reduction of Fort Pulaski till April 10, 1862 (Cos. "B," "G" and "I" on Dafuskie Island March 20 to April 11). Manned Batteries Totten, Halleck, Sherman, Lincoln and Stanton. Bombardment and capture of Fort Pulaski April 10-11. Garrison duty at Fort Pulaski till May 27. Operations on James Island, S.C., June 1-28. Battle of Secessionville June 16. Evacuation of James Island and movement to Hilton Head, S.C., June 28-July 7. Duty at Hilton Head till September 30. Expedition to St. John's Bluff, Fla., September 30-October 13. Expedition to Pocotaligo, S.C., October 21-23. Action at Frampton's Plantation, Pocotaligo, October 22. Duty at Hilton Head and Beaufort, S.C., till January 8, 1863. Moved to Fernandina, Fla., January 13, and duty there till April 12, and at St. Augustine, Fla., till August 2, then moved to Morris Island, S.C. Cos. "A," "B," "I" and "K" detached April, 1863, and moved to Hilton Head, S.C. Expedition against Charleston, S. C., April. Occupation of Folly Island, S.C., June 3. Attack on water batteries, Morris Island, S.C., July 10. Assault on Fort Wagner July 11. Siege of Fort Wagner July 11-September 7. Regiment joins from St. Augustine, Fla., August 5. Capture of Forts Wagner and Gregg, Morris Island, S.C., September 7. Operations against Fort Sumter and against Charleston till October 16. Man Batteries Stevens, Strong, Weed and Kearney. Moved to St. Helena Island, S.C., October 16. Boat duty at Folly Island October 29-November 17. At St. Helena Island, S.C., till February, 1864. Veterans on furlough January 15 to February 27. Moved to Jacksonville, Fla., February 5-7. Expedition into Central Florida February 8-28. Battle of Olustee February 20. Duty at Jacksonville, Fla., till April 13. Moved to Gloucester Point, Va., April 13-20. Butler's operations on south side of the James and against Petersburg and Richmond, May 4-28. Swift Creek or Arrowfield Church May 9-10. Chester Station May 10. Operations against Fort Darling May 12-16. Proctor's Creek May 13. Battle of Drewry's Bluff May 14-16. On the Bermuda Hundred lines May 16-August 13. Attack on picket line June 2. Petersburg June 9. Bermuda Hundred June 14. Port Walthal June 16-17. Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to January 3, 1865. Demonstration on north side of the James August 13-20. Battle of Strawberry Plains Deep Bottom August 14-18. In trenches before Petersburg August 25 to September 28. Moved to north side of the James September 28. Battle of Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30. Darbytown and New Market Roads October 7. Darbytown Road October 13. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28. Detached for duty at New York City during Presidential election of 1864, November 2-17. Duty in trenches before Richmond till January 3, 1865. Second expedition to Fort Fisher, N. C., January 3-15. Assault and capture of Fort Fisher January 15. Half Moon Battery January 19. Sugar Loaf Battery February 11. Fort Anderson February 18. Capture of Wilmington February 22. North East Ferry February 22. Duty at Wilmington, N. C., till June, and at Goldsboro till July. Mustered out July 20, 1865, and discharged at New Haven August 11, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 11 Officers and 157 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 192 Enlisted men by disease. Total 364.

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