9th Regiment Infantry


Field & Staff---NCO Staff--Band











Organized at New Haven September 26, 1861. Moved to Lowell, Mass., November 4, thence to Boston and embarked on steamer "Constitution" for Ship Island, Miss., November 25, arriving there December 3. Duty at Ship Island until April 15, 1862. Attached to Butler's New Orleans Expeditionary Corps to April, 1862. Phelps' 1st Brigade, Dept. of the Gulf, to October, 1862. Defenses of New Orleans, La., Dept. of the Gulf, to February, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf to March, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 19th Corps, to August, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 19th Corps to February, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 19th Corps, to April, 1864. Dept. of the East to July, 1864. Bermuda Hundred, Va., 10th Corps, Dept. Virginia and North Carolina, July, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 19th Army Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to January, 1865. 1st Brigade, Grover's Division, District of Savannah, Ga., Dept. of the South to March, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to May, 1865. District of Port Royal, S.C., Dept. of the South, to August, 1865.

SERVICE.--Expedition to Biloxi and Pass Christian April 2-5, 1862. Biloxi April 3. Pass Christian April 4. Operations against Forts St. Phillip and Jackson, Miss. River April 15-28. Moved to New Orleans April 29-May 1. Occupation of New Orleans May 1. Expedition to New Orleans and Jackson R. R. May 9-10. Moved to Baton Rouge May 13. Reconnaissance to Warrenton May 14-29. Williams' expedition to Vicksburg, Miss., and operations against that city June 20-July 23. Ellis Cliff June 22. Hamilton Plantation, near Grand Gulf, June 24. Arrived at Vicksburg June 25. Fatigue duty on Vicksburg Canal until July 23. Moved to Baton Rouge July 23-26, and duty there until August 21. Battle of Baton Rouge August 5. Moved to Carrollton August 21-22. Expedition to St. Charles September 7-8. Near St. Charles Court House September 8. Duty in the defenses of New Orleans until April, 1864, at New Orleans, Algiers, Mexican Gulf R. R. and mouth of the Mississippi and at Pass Manchac, Bonnet Carte, St. John Baptist District, October 19, 1862. Expedition to Ponchatoula March 21-30, 1863 (Detachment). Capture of Ponchatoula March 24 (Detachment). Action at Chackahoola Station, La., June 24 (Cos. "C," "E," "G," "I" and "K"). Expedition to Madisonville January 3, 1864. On veteran furlough in Connecticut April 15-July 16, 1864. Moved to Bermuda Hundred, Va., July 16-20. On Bermuda Hundred front July 20-28. Deep Bottom July 28-29. Moved to Washington, D.C., July 30-August 1, thence to Tenallytown August 1. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to December. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty in the Shenandoah Valley until January, 1865. Moved to Savannah, Ga., January 6-20 and duty there until May 24. Moved to Hilton, S.C., May 24. Mustered out at Savannah, Ga., August 3, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 10 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 240 Enlisted men by disease. Total 253.

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The Ninth Regiment Connecticut Volunteers was organized in September, 1861, as an Irish Regiment. It was recruited at Camp English, New Haven, and was commanded by Col. Thomas W. Cahill, who was for a long time connected with the State Volunteer Militia, and was an able, efficient and popular officer. Lieut. Col. Fitzgibbons and Major Frye were captains in the 1st and 3d Regiments respectively, and took an active part in the memorable battle of July 21st, 1861, at Bull Run.

The regiment left the State for Lowell, Mass., on the 4th of November, and on the 21st embarked from Boston in the steamer Constitution, for Ship Island, Mississippi Sound; it numbered eight hundred and forty-five (845) men.

During the battle of Baton Rouge, La., Gen. Williams, commanding the forces, was killed, and the command devolved upon Col. Cahill, leaving Lieut. Col. Fitzgibbons in command of the regiment. In his official report of this battle, the commanding officer speaks of the conduct of the officers and men of the 9th Connecticut as deserving great credit for their coolness and bravery. Owing to the inaccuracy of the enemy's aim, and especially their over-shooting, the casualties were much lighter than might have been expected in so severe an engagement. On the 24th of June, 1863, the regiment participated in the battle of Chackaloo Station, La., and were again fortunate in sustaining only a small loss in wounded.

In April, 1864, the regiment returned to Connecticut on veteran furlough, over three hundred (300) of the original men having re-enlisted as veterans. It remained in the State until July 16th, when it proceeded to New York, thence by steamer to Bermuda Hundred, Va., where it arrived July 20th, and remained until the 28th of that month. It was then ordered to Deep Bottom, and participated in a demonstration against the enemy ; loss not reported.

It returned to Bermuda Hundred on the 30th of July, and embarked for Washington, D. C., arriving there on the 1st of August, and on the following day marched to Tenallytown, where it remained until the 14th ; on that day it crossed the Potomac at Chain Bridge, and marched via Leesburg and Snicker s Gap to Berrysville, arriving on the 17th, and from that time participated with the army under Gen. Sheridan in the campaign up the Shenandoah Valley.

On the 19th of October, 1864, it took an active part in the battle of Cedar Creek, Va.; its total loss in killed and wounded, according to the official report, was thirty-one (31). In October, the non-veterans of the regiment were mustered out of the United States service, and the remaining veterans were consolidated into a battalion of four companies, in pursuance of Special Order No. 59, Extract 5, Head-Quarters 19th Army Corps. The battalion remained in Virginia until Jan. 7th, 1865, when they were ordered with their division (the second) to Baltimore, Md. It was there embarkedon board U. S. Transport "Gen. Sedgwick," and proceeded to Savannah, Ga., where it arrived on the 17th of the same month. The battalion was there engaged in provisional guard duty, and continued in this department of the South until the 3d of August, 1865, when they were mustered out of service.

The muster-in rolls of the Ninth bear the names of eight hundred and forty-five (845) officers and men. About four hundred and forty (440) recruits were added to its ranks, and these, with the three hundred and twenty-one (321) re-enlisted veterans, make an exhibit of one thousand six hundred and six (1606) names that were enrolled for service in this regiment.

It took part in the following ENGAGEMENTS.

Baton Rouge, La., August 5th, 1862.
Chackaloo Station, La., June 24th, 1863.
Deep Bottom, Va., July 28th, 1864.
Cedar Creek, Va., October 19th, 1864.


Killed in action, -- 5
Died of wounds,-- 1
Died of disease, -- 240
Discharged prior to muster-out of regiment, -- 376

Total:  622

Reference: History of the Ninth Regiment, Connecticut Volunteer Infantry, The Irish Regiment in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865. By Thomas Hamilton Murray. New Haven, Conn. The Price, Lee & Adkins Co. 1903.