Adin Ballou Underwood

Adin Ballou Underwood, descendant of a colonial Massachusetts family, was born May 19, 1828, in Milford, Massachusetts. After he was graduated from Brown University in 1849, he studied law at Harvard, was admitted to the bar in 1853, and in 1855 settled in Boston. His father had been a militia brigadier and at the beginning of the Civil War young Underwood was active in recruiting volunteers for the Union cause. On May 25, 1861, he became captain of the 2nd Massachusetts Infantry, the second regiment from the state to enlist for three years; it took part in the Shenandoah Valley campaign of 1862. On August 13, 1862, Underwood was commissioned lieutenant colonel of the 33rd Massachusetts and the following April, colonel. His command was in Barlow's brigade of von Steinwehr's division of the ill-fated XI Corps at the battle of Chancellorsville, but sustained only nominal losses in the rout there. At Gettysburg his regiment was involved in the events of the first day which virtually put the XI Corps out of action. When the XI and XII corps were sent to the support of the beleaguered Federals at Chattanooga, under the overall command of Joseph Hooker, Underwood's regiment was in the thick of the fight which reopened the Tennessee River. On October 29, 1863, his upper leg was shattered by a ball which left him a cripple for life. He was appointed a brigadier general on November 19, 1863, to rank from the sixth, and was awarded the brevet of major general in August, 1865, but saw no further service during the war. General Underwood was mustered out of the army on August 24, 1865, and returned to Boston, where he was surveyor of the port for almost twenty years. He died on January 24, 1888, and was buried in Newton Cemetery, Newton, Massachusetts.

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Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.