Samuel Wylie Crawford

 Monument located at Devil's Den/Valley of Death -Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

Samuel Wylie Crawford was born in Franklin County, Pennsylvania, November 8, 1 829. After graduation from the University of Pennsylvania in 1846, he attended the university's medical school from which he was graduated in 1850. The following year he accepted an appointment as assistant surgeon in the army and served at various points on the western frontier until 1860. He was then stationed at Fort Moultrie in Charleston Harbor and later at Fort Sumter, where he had command of a battery during the bombardment which signaled the beginning of the Civil War. Soon after, he vacated his staff commission by becoming major of the newly authorized 13th Infantry. During the Shenandoah Valley campaign of 1862, Crawford, who had been promoted to brigadier general of volunteers to rank from April 25, was highly praised by N. P. Banks, although "yet unassigned to [a] separate command." At Cedar Mountain his brigade suffered 50 per cent casualties; at Sharpsburg he commanded a division and was severely wounded. In May, 1863, Crawford was assigned to command the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps then in the defenses of Washington. He led them with great distinction at Gettysburg—where they made up the 3rd Division of Sykes's V Corps —and in all the operations of the Army of the Potomac until the close of the war. Crawford was brevetted for gallantry in the battles of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Five Forks, and the siege of Petersburg. In the meantime, he was brevetted through all grades to that of major general in both the regular and volunteer services and had also been commissioned lieutenant colonel of the 2nd Infantry on February 17, 1864. Mustered out of volunteer service in 1866, General Crawford served with his regiment at various points in the South and was promoted to colonel in 1869. On February 19, 1873, he was retired and in 1875 was promoted to brigadier on the retired list under a newly enacted statute. General Crawford subsequently made his home in Philadelphia where he died on November 3, 1892. He was buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery.

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Reference:  Generals in Blue.  Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Louisiana State University Press.  Baton Rouge.