Charles Carroll Walcutt

Charles Carroll Walcutt was born on February 12, 1838, in Columbus, Ohio. His father was a veteran of the War of 1812 and his grandfather of the Revolution. Young Walcutt was educated in the Columbus schools and at Kentucky Military Institute (near Frankfort), where he was graduated in 1858. The following year he was elected surveyor of Franklin County, Ohio. In April, 1861, he raised a company in response to President Lincoln's first call for 75,000 volunteers, but it was not accepted for service because Ohio's quota was already filled. He was commissioned a major in state service in June and on October 1, 1861, was appointed major of the 46th Ohio in Federal service. The next spring at Shiloh, where the regiment saw its first action, Walcutt was wounded in the left shoulder. (He carried the bullet for the remainder of his life.) Walcutt served under W. T. Sherman from that time until the end of the war, rising to colonel of his regiment on October 16, 1862, brigadier general of volunteers on July 30, 1864, and brevet major general "for special gallantry" in March, 1865. On the celebrated "March to the Sea," during which he was again wounded, the commander of the Army of the Tennessee Oliver O. Howard gave him the accolade, "there is not a braver or better officer." Walcutt took part in the siege of Vicksburg, the capture of Jackson, the battle of Chattanooga, the relief of Knoxville, and the principal battles of the Atlanta campaign. On July 22, 1864, at the battle of Atlanta proper, he was instrumental in saving Frank Blair's XVII Corps from disaster by disobeying an order to retire. He was advanced to command of a brigade of Logan's XV Corps, just before the assault on Missionary Ridge in November, 1863, and to divisional command at the close of the war, marching in the grand review at Washington at the head of the 1st Division of the XIV Corps. He was mustered out in January, 1866, and returned home to become warden of the Ohio penitentiary, but in July accepted the lieutenant colonelcy of the 10th Regular Cavalry. He resigned this commission, however, four months later and resumed his position at the prison, serving until 1869, when he was appointed collector of internal revenue by President Grant. He had been an elector for Grant the previous November and was active in Republican politics as well as state and local government until the end of his life. General Walcutt served as mayor of Columbus from 1883 to 1887; he was also prominent in the Loyal Legion and the Masonic order. He died while on a visit to Omaha, Nebraska, on May 2, 1898, and was buried in Greenlawn Cemetery, Columbus.

Previous Page

Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.