Charles Robert Woods

Charles Robert Woods, a brother of General William B. Woods, was born on February 19, 1827, at Newark, Ohio. He spent his boyhood on the family farm and received a limited education from a tutor. Appointed to the Military Academy in 1848, he was graduated four years later and subsequently performed routine duty in Texas and Washington as an infantry officer until 1860. His first Civil War service was as commander of the troops sent on the Star of the West to relieve Fort Sumter, an unsuccessful attempt during which the first hostile shot of the war was actually fired. As colonel of the 76th Ohio, Woods took part briefly in operations in West Virginia in the fall of 1861 and was present at the capture of Fort Donelson and at the battle of Shiloh in Lew Wallace's division of U. S. Grant's army. During the advance on Corinth which followed, he was advanced to brigade command. In W. T. Sherman's Chickasaw Bluffs expedition and the ensuing movement to Arkansas Post, Woods was again in charge of his old regiment, but in the Vicksburg campaign proper he directed a brigade of Sherman's XV Corps and on August 4, 1863, was formally promoted to brigadier general of volunteers. He won the brevet of colonel in the Regular Army for gallant conduct at Chattanooga in November, 1863, and in the Atlanta campaign commanded a division of the XV Corps, now under John A. Logan. His troops took part in the pursuit of John B. Hood, and then embarked upon the celebrated "March to the Sea" and the campaign of the Carolinas which followed. He was brevetted major general of volunteers as of November 22, 1864, and was awarded the same rank in the regular service at the close of the war. With the reorganization of the army in July, 1866, he became lieutenant colonel of the 33rd Infantry, but his health began to fail a few years later and he was retired in 1874 as colonel of the 2nd Infantry, a rank to which he had been promoted earlier the same year. He spent the remaining years of his life on his estate Woodside near Newark, where he died on February 26, 1885 and was buried in Cedar Hill Cemetery.

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Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.