Charles Thomas Campbell
Charles Thomas Campbell was born in Franklin County, Pennsylvania, on August 10, 1823. At the age of twenty-three he took part in the Mexican War as a lieutenant, and later as captain, of the 11th U. S. Infantry; he was honorably discharged on August 14, 1848. Four years later he won election to the lower house of the Pennsylvania legislature. On May 29, 1861, Campbell was again mustered into service as captain of Battery A, Pennsylvania Light Artillery. When the various batteries were regimented, Campbell became successively lieutenant colonel and colonel of the 1st Pennsylvania Artillery, meantime taking part in the action at Dranesville. In February, 1862, he resigned to accept the colonelcy of the 57th Pennsylvania Infantry, which he took into the battle of Seven Pines in the Peninsular campaign as a part of Philip Kearny's division of the III Corps. Here he was wounded three times and had his horse shot out from under him. Seven months later, with one arm still in a sling, he commanded the 57 th Pennsylvania Infantry at Fredericksburg, where he was shot through the liver and given up for dead. Partially fit for duty by the following May, he was ordered to report for assignment in the Department of the Northwest and until the end of the war exercised district command in Wisconsin. He had been appointed brigadier general to rank from November 29, 1862, and when the appointment expired by statute on March 4, 1863, he was reappointed to rank from March 13. After the war he went to Dakota Territory as inspector of Indian agencies and operated the pioneer stage line into the Black Hills, making his home in Yankton, South Dakota. Subsequently he was one of the founders of the town of Scotland, South Dakota, where he served as mayor, owned a substantial part of the town site, and operated for many years the Campbell House. General Campbell died on April 15, 1895, from the effects of a fall on the steps of his own hotel in Scotland. He was buried in Yankton. He carried the scars of seven different wounds acquired in the Mexican and Civil wars.
Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.