Christopher Columbus Augur
Christopher Columbus Augur was born on July 10, 1821, in Kendall, New York, but was taken the same year by his widowed mother to Michigan, from where he was appointed to the Military Academy in 1839. The class of 1843, in which Augur stood sixteenth of thirty-nine graduates, furnished ten general officers to the North and three to the South, excluding brevet promotions. Augur performed routine garrison duty for some years, fought creditably in the Mexican War, and during the 1850's saw frontier service. He was promoted through grades and, on May 14, 1861, attained the rank of major in the Regular Army. After spending the first months of the war as commandant of cadets at West Point, he was posted to the Washington defenses. He was appointed brigadier general of volunteers on November 12, 1861, and saw his first active field service on the line of the Rappahannock during the Peninsular campaign. Placed in con*-mand of Sigel's old division of the V Corps, Augur was one of several professional soldiers victimized by N. P. Banks's poor showing at Cedar Mountain and was severely wounded in the Federal rout. For his conduct here he was brevetted colonel in the regular establishment and commissioned as major general of volunteers on August 9, 1862. Banks asked for him as second in command of the New Orleans expedition that fall, and Augur commanded the left wing of the army during the siege of Port Hudson. From October, 1863, until the end of the war he commanded the XXII Corps and the Department of Washington. He was brevetted brigadier and major general, U. S. Army for gallant services; appointed colonel of the 12th Infantry in March, 1866; and brigadier general, U. S. Army, in 1869. General Augur commanded various military departments in the West and South during the postbellum years, and was retired in 1885. He died in Georgetown, D. C, on January 16, 1898, and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
Reference: Generals in Blue. Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge.