Christopher Columbus Andrews

Christopher Columbus Andrews was born at Hillsboro, New Hampshire, on October 27, 1829. A precocious young man, he was admitted to the Massachusetts bar at the age of twenty-one after three terms at Francestown Academy in New Hampshire and a stint at Harvard Law School. He began practice in Newton, Massachusetts, but in 1854 went to Kansas. Andrews soon received a political appointment as clerk in the Treasury Department in Washington. His writing talent led him to contribute accounts of his travels East and West to various newspapers.

In 1857 he established residence in St. Cloud, Minnesota, and in 1859 became a member of the
Minnesota state senate. He enlisted as a private in 1861, but was soon commissioned captain of the 3rd Minnesota. Taken prisoner near Murfreesboro, Tennessee, in July 1862, he was exchanged in October of that year and appointed lieutenant colonel. He was colonel in command of the regiment in the Arkansas campaign of 1863; on January 5, 1864, he was appointed brigadier general of volunteers. For his part in the assault and capture of Fort Blakely, Alabama, during the Mobile campaign, Andrews was brevetted major general of volunteers on March 9, 1865. Mustered out in January, 1866, he returned to St. Cloud and became prominent in state politics. President Grant appointed him minister to Sweden and Norway in 1869, a post he occupied until 1877. He was then successively a newspaper editor, a district supervisor of the 1880 census in Minnesota, a consul general to Brazil, and chief warden and forest commissioner of Minnesota. From 1911 until his death in St. Paul on September 21, 1922, he was secretary of the state forestry board. General Andrews' writings extended over many fields, among them law, history, and military tactics, and included his impressions of the foreign countries in which he had served as a government representative. He is buried in Oakland Cemetery, St. Paul.

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Reference:  Generals in Blue.  Lives of the Union Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Louisiana State University Press.  Baton Rouge.